112fs    Cultural Anthropology    An intensive introduction to the study of different societies and cultures in the world, using a cross-cultural perspective on human behavior. Explores the diversity of human cultures from hunter-gatherers to industrialized city dwellers. Considers the implications of economic, social, political, symbolic, and religious systems for the lives of men and women. Topics include enculturation and transmitting values; group coherence and continuity; impact of material, technological, and social change; effects and culture contact. By emphasizing non-Western cultures, the course critically explores our accepted notions about human nature, society, and ideologies. Four credit hours.  S, I.    FACULTY

[113]    Language, Culture, and Society    A broad introduction to the relationship of language to cultural context and social organization, surveying basic concepts, case studies, and major theoretical perspectives in the field of anthropological linguistics. An overview of past and contemporary approaches focuses on language structure, dialectal variation, gender-based differences, linguistic relativity, language change, poetics, language universals, literacy, the evolution of human communication, language engineering, and more, to develop an appreciation for the great diversity of human languages across and within cultures, the multiple functions of language in culture and society, and the cross-disciplinary ways of understanding human communication offered by anthropological linguistics. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

[119]    The Anthropology of Utopias    Examines classic utopic and dystopic literature, philosophy, anthropology, art, and film from Plato to the present. Utopian literature involves anthropological reflection about the range of possibilities for human community and related anthropological themes of human social and cultural variability, conflict, and cooperation. Critically explores different utopian and dystopian discourses as vehicles for thinking about a world in crisis and its possible futures, as well as the effects these have on contemporary debates about politics and governance, citizenship, new technologies, media, family, and more. Formerly offered as Anthropology 219. Three credit hours.  S.    

[141]    The Changing Faces of Religion in New China     During the Communist period, religion and spirituality were criticized and suppressed. More open policies were instituted after the death of Mao. Soon there was an explosion of spiritual practices and practitioners, traditional and nontraditional forms of religion throughout China. An exploration of the new spaces of worship and practice that have opened up within China's new market economy, the reasons that various peoples are drawn to them, and the problems and challenges they may pose for the Chinese state. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in East Asian Studies 141. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

175f    Ordering the Cosmos    "Cosmos" is a Greek word meaning "order" or "arrangement." An exploration of how the ancient Greeks understood and made sense of their world in the "cosmos" of their making. Considering a range of domains from the theological to the social and ethnographic, how various systems of thought worked to produce order in their world, and how these systems complement or contradict one another. Topics include cosmology, religious practices, views of civic order and justice, and the Greeks' own interest in cultural difference. Part of the three-course Integrated Studies 175, "Ancient Worlds." Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Philosophy 175 and Science, Technology, and Society 175. Four credit hours.  L.    BARRETT

176j    Greece: Ancient Sites and Their Visitors     The sites (and sights) of ancient Greece have held enormous significance for visitors, from ancient times through the modern era. Explores the range of meanings that Greek antiquity has held for different groups historically and up to the present. Through an intensive, month-long study, students will consider a variety of sites in Athens and nearby centers such as Delphi, Olympia, Epidauros, and Mycenae. Includes travel to Greece. Examines a variety of questions related to the experience and representation of classical Greek sites. Part of the Integrated Studies Program; requires fall enrollment in Anthropology 175 and Philosophy 175 or consent of instructors. Prerequisite: Anthropology 175. Three credit hours.  H.    BARRETT, MILLS

[179]    Olympic Visions: Images of the Ancient World in Modern Greek Society    Explores various structures through which modern Greeks understand and organize the legacy of their classical past in the present. Aspects of Greek education, national identity, tourism, the development of the Olympic games in modern times, ancient architecture, artifacts, art, and museums will be some of the venues through which Greeks will speak to us about their past. What it means to be a Greek in the modern world, perhaps altering our understanding of their past. Concurrent enrollment in Philosophy 179 encouraged but not required. Four credit hours.  S.    

197j    Societies and Ecologies: Topics in Environment and Anthropology    A selective introduction to anthropological approaches to the environment. Explores connections between society and the environment, and investigates a discrete set of critical themes, including: use of the environment by rural people, ethnic minorities, and indigenous groups; involvement of these groups in environmental social movements; and the cultural politics of environmental conservation projects programs in developing countries. Explores these questions in three specific settings: among the highland ethnic minorities of Southeast Asia, among the forest-dwelling indigenous groups of the Amazon basin, and alongside Arctic people and their advocates. Three credit hours.    PADWE

[211]    Indigenous Peoples and Cultures of North America    An ethnographic survey of the sociocultural systems developed by indigenous Americans north of Mexico. Examines relationships between ecological factors, subsistence practices, social organizations, and belief systems, along with contemporary issues of change, contact, and cultural survival. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  U.    

212j    Human Rights and Social Struggles in Global Perspective    Listed as International Studies 211. Three credit hours.    RAZSA

[213]    Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples    Throughout its history, anthropology has been committed to and active in maintaining the rights of indigenous peoples against the negative global forces of nation-state power, racist ideologies, assimilative missionization, and industrial resource appropriation. An overview of the contemporary state of indigenous peoples using Internet sites established by indigenous peoples themselves, anthropological groups, international human rights organizations, world news services, national governments, and the United Nations. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  I.    

231f    Caribbean Cultures    An examination of the historical and contemporary development of the Caribbean; careful consideration of the racial and ethnic composition of its people. Issues such as family, class, color, gender, politics, and economic underdevelopment provide an understanding of the problems currently facing the region. Also listed as African-American Studies 231. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or American Studies 276. Four credit hours.  I.    BHIMULL

235f    Ethnographies of Latin America: Violence and Democracy in the Andes     An introduction to anthropological research on Latin America. Particular focus on the Andes and issues shaping Latin American participation in political life, including political, criminal, or structural violence; war; indigenous and other social movements; state strengthening and institutional evolution; transitions to democracy from military dictatorships; and social memory. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    TATE

236s    Illegal Drugs, Law, and the State     Drawing on legal and political anthropology, we will examine the cultures of control that target the commerce and consumption of illegal drugs. We will consider the evolution of these policies and their impact in a variety of historical moments and social worlds. Case studies will include the Opium Wars, Prohibition, medical practice and recreational use of marijuana and ecstasy, and alternative forms of political power facilitated by the drug trade. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    TATE

[237]    Ethnographies of Africa     An introduction to the continent of Africa, its peoples, and its many social worlds, beginning with a survey of the place (geography) and the ways in which Africa's inhabitants have been defined (classifications of language, race, and culture). Social and cultural diversity within the continent are examined through ethnographic case studies. Issues include experiences of economic change, political conflict, the creation of new identities and cultural forms in contemporary African societies, and perceptions of Africa in Western thought and history. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  I.    

[238]    Religions of Africa and the African Diaspora     Examines African religions in Africa and their movement to and history in the New World. Ethnographies and history are used to try to come to terms with the legacy of slavery and its effects on religions of this African diaspora. Cuban Santeria, Haitian Vodou, Candomble in Brazil, and Rastafarianism in Jamaica are some of the religions discussed. Criticisms and analyses of current ideas concerning syncretism, transculturation, creolization, etc. will be debated. Emphasis on continuity and change in the attempt to resist, respond to, organize, and articulate African identities in the New World. Prerequisite: American Studies 276 or Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

[239]    Southeast Asian Cultures and Societies    Southeast Asia is a region of great diversity and has long been a focus of anthropological interest; in recent years dramatic political and economic changes have often made the region a focus of international as well as scholarly attention. An examination of the diverse social and cultural contexts that make up the region, exploring both historical roots and contemporary experiences of Southeast Asian peoples. The impact of European colonial regimes on indigenous societies, religious and ethnic diversity, peasant social organization and political resistance, and the effects of economic change and industrialization. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  I.    

[256]    Land, Food, Culture, and Power    An examination of cultural and political aspects of land and other resource use in contexts of culture contact and/or social change, drawing from a variety of ethnographic examples in different parts of the world. A focus on varied subsistence and resource management systems explores how local forms of livelihood have been incorporated into and challenged by national and global economic relations and structures through processes of colonization and the growth of transnational capitalism. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  U.    

258s    Anthropology, History, Memory     Anthropologists have depicted cultural systems as timeless, paying limited attention to how historical experiences produce, and how they are shaped by, everyday beliefs and actions. Examines the significance of history for anthropological understanding and vice versa. Investigates how different cultures construct the past and how the past shapes everyday lives, our own and others. Explores sites such as myths, monuments, bodies, and archives. Questions what is the past? How is it present? How do societies remember? How do they forget? Topics include technology, time, travel, commemoration, war. Formerly offered as Anthropology 298B. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or a 100-level history course. Four credit hours.    BHIMULL

261s    Japanese Language and Culture    Listed as East Asian Studies 261. Four credit hours.  S, I.    ABE

[264]    China in Transition: An Anthropological Account    Listed as East Asian Studies 254. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

[273]    Medical Anthropology    All human groups have ways of explaining illness and disease. Students gain an insider's view of how different cultures define and treat disease/illness. Emphasis on the study of cultural beliefs, rituals, population shifts, and environmental factors related to health. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    

297Af    Globalizing Africa     An exploration of the relationship between economic and cultural processes associated with globalization and sub-Saharan Africa. Examines case studies such as the marketing of soap in colonial southern Africa, conflicts over the extraction of oil in Nigeria, and undocumented West African migrants living in New York City. Explores similarities and differences between colonialism and contemporary globalization, especially issues of exploitation and the extraction of resources from Africa. Examines notions of modernity and identity through consumption, including the movement of Indian movies, second-hand clothes, and other international commodities into Africa. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    MAINS

297Bf    Culture, Power, and International Development     Development is a complicated term that refers to growth and change but is applied to people, cities, nations, and cultures in very different ways. An examination of development as a set of discourses and practices that have been directed towards the third world, presumably with the intent of improving the quality of life and alleviating poverty. Anthropology has had an ambivalent relationship with development; we examine its critiques of development as well as its application within, and facilitation of, specific development interventions. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and one other anthropology course. Four credit hours.    MAINS

297Cf    Urban Anthropology: Global Cities     An anthropological exploration into the complexity and diversity of cities in a (post) modern world, reading a range of illuminating scholarly accounts (primarily anthropological material as well as literature from other social sciences and the humanities). From the importance of urban centers in colonial empires to the rise of urban rebellions in contemporary times, investigates the magnitude and meaning of these spatial and social forms. Will equip students with the skills to understand urban centers as sites of power and resistance and to participate constructively in shaping our collective futures in a way that is sensitive to cultural difference. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    ABOWD

298s    Middle East Anthropology     Explores the complex ways in which the region has come to be understood and, critically, how it has changed over the last 200 years. How might the region be seen as a product of scholarly and political imaginations? Major themes addressed include: Western stereotypes of the region, Islam and 'Islamic fundamentalism', nationalism, the impact of European colonialism and (neo) colonialism on the region, the multiple experiences of women and shifting gender relations, the Palestine-Israel conflict, and the effects of war. Concludes with a look at the lively realms of popular culture in the Middle East. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    ABOWD

313fs    Researching Cultural Diversity     Anthropologists are renowned for their research with exotic peoples in natural settings. Topics include the development of fieldwork as a means to investigate cultural diversity, both abroad and at home; the goals and ethics of anthropological research; the nature of the fieldwork experience; the interaction with informants and the production of knowledge and how we "write culture." How the search for "other" also helps us to understand self. Students will apply fieldwork concepts and methods to their own study of American culture. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and a 200-level anthropology course and sophomore standing. Four credit hours.    MILLS, TATE

333fs    Contemporary Theory    An analysis of the contemporary state of anthropology as a discipline. Special attention to political economy, symbolic anthropology, poststructuralism, reflexive anthropology, postmodernism, and feminist anthropology. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and either 113 or a 200-level anthropology course and junior or higher standing. Four credit hours.    BHIMULL, MILLS

[334]    Anthropology of Creativity    Creativity flows continually through all human cultures and languages with spontaneity, novelty, and unfolding meaning. A survey of various anthropological perspectives on the power of individuality, interpretation, resistance, and imagination in the aesthetic process. Considered are music, poetics, literature, and graphic arts in various historical and contemporary cultural contexts. Four credit hours.  A.    

[339]    Asian Pacific Modernities     The changing dynamics of contemporary social life in the Asian Pacific with particular emphasis on East and Southeast Asia. Ethnographic case studies of a range of cultural and social phenomena, including commodity consumption, mass media, expanding middle-class identities, religious movements, and popular art forms, examining both lived experiences in the region and the theoretical analysis of processes associated with modernity and globalization. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing and Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

341s    Culture, Mobility, Identity: Encounters in the African Diaspora     From the forced migration of the enslaved to the current refugee crisis, diasporan movements have influenced the world profoundly. Explores the formation and transformation of diasporas in Europe and the Americas with special attention to how black people made and experienced the Atlantic world. Close attention to the constructions of race and identity, popular cultural expressions, and the complex relationship between Africa and its descendants. Course materials include ethnography, history, fiction, film, and music. Prerequisite: American Studies 276 or Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  S, I.    BHIMULL

348f    Postcolonial Literatures    Listed as English 348. Four credit hours.  L, I.    ROY

[353]    Globalization and Human Rights in China    Listed as East Asian Studies 353. Four credit hours.  S.    

[354]    Native American Religion and Empowerment     Native American sacred ways of speaking, acting, knowing, and creating in diverse historical and contemporary cultural contexts. Indigenous views and practices are studied as a groundwork for interpretive and theoretical formulations about the role of religion in Native American history, culture, and language. Native American religious traditions considered as dynamic modes of survival, empowerment, and renewal in the face of Euro-American domination. Indigenous, anthropological, and Euro-American perspectives on religion are brought into balanced dialogue and exchange. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or 211. Four credit hours.  U.    

[355]    Development, Globalization, and Poverty     An examination of the emergence and uses of concepts such as development, growth, and globalization. Through the study of transformations in work, community, and health, focuses on the impact that processes associated with globalization have on the lives of poor people and on their responses to these transformations. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing and Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.  S, I.    

359s    Slavery and Slave Communities in the United States    Listed as African-American Studies 359. Four credit hours.  S, U.    GILKES

373s    The Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality     Gender and sexuality represent fundamental categories of human social and cultural experience; in every human society, understandings about gender and sexuality constitute powerful aspects of individual identity that shape and are shaped by key aspects of social relations and cultural belief. Yet specific beliefs and social structures vary tremendously across cultures. An investigation of the varied ethnography of gender and sexuality as well as important theoretical concerns: how meanings are attached to the human body, production and reproduction of gender hierarchies, and processes by which gender and sexual meanings (and associated social forms) may be transformed or contested in societies. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and one other anthropology course. Four credit hours.  U.    ABOWD

397f    Internationalism: From Socialism to the World Social Forum    Listed as International Studies 397. Four credit hours.    RAZSA

397Bf    Race     The complexities of race, racial formation, and racial politics in the United States. How race is socially constructed and politically contested. The historical rise of modern concepts of race and the development of the field of anthropology. Ethnographies of race and ethnicity and a host of theories and debates that pertain to these ideas. Race as it is influenced and molded by gender, class, sexuality, and nationalism. Specific questions relating to poverty, wealth, status, and the shifting global relations that comprise the contemporary racial order(s) in the United States. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    ABOWD

398As    Global Youth Cultures     A global perspective on the complex relationship between youth, popular culture, power, and the construction of identity. Urban youth culture has increasingly become a site for power struggles in relation to class, gender, and race. We explore the potential for everyday consumer practices to subvert or reproduce relations of power and for social theories concerning youth and power to be applied in diverse economic and cultural settings. Case studies address education and class in England, initiation and consumption of Western culture in Tanzania, fashion among Congolese migrants in Paris, popular culture among middle-class youth in Kathmandu, and youth identities and hip-hop in Brazil. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and one other anthropology course. Four credit hours.    MAINS

398Bs    Militarization, Culture, and War: Anthropology of the Military    Military institutions are central to the development of the modern state and pervasive in modern life. Examines the ways in which military institutions shape and are shaped by cultural, economic, and political forces in contemporary societies, especially in the United States. Topics include the role of military service in creating and reinforcing gender norms, citizenship, and national identities; the ways in which war and militarized violence are commemorated; and ongoing controversy over counterinsurgency and internal defense. Students will develop their ethnographic research skills through interviews and observation, written and oral presentations. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours.    TATE

437s    Media, Culture, and the Political Imagination    Listed as International Studies 437. Four credit hours.    RAZSA

451f    Ethnicity, Nationalism, and the State in Europe    Listed as International Studies 451. Four credit hours.    RAZSA

[452]    Anthropology of Power    Social life is about power. Everything we do is a reflection of or has implications for power dynamics in our society and world. Students will use anthropological training to explore conceptions of power, locating power in symbols, rituals, ideas, capital, and the ability to dominate. How power dynamics develop and structure social interaction, undergird ideological systems, drive the global and local distribution of wealth, and support regimes of terror. Students study instances of dissension, resistance, and rebellion fueled by power inequalities; readings lead through analysis of class, gender, and race into the terrain of cognition and the construction of knowledge. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and one other anthropology course. Four credit hours.  I.    

[474]    Anthropology as Public Engagement     An exploration of innovative ways in which anthropology is used for proactive, public engagement in global, national, institutional, and local information networks, program planning, policy implementation, and transformative social action. Examined are past, present, and envisioned future engagements in various social fields spanning several disciplines, including economic development, environmental protection, labor relations, education, tourism, health care, human rights, gender equity, indigenous rights, state polity and law, non-governmental organizations, popular media, and social movements. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing as an anthropology major. Four credit hours.    

483f, 484s    Honors in Anthropology     Prerequisite: Senior standing, admission to the honors program, and permission of the supervising faculty member. Three or four credit hours.    FACULTY

491f, 492s    Independent Study    Individual topics in areas where the student has demonstrated the interest and competence necessary for independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Two to four credit hours.    FACULTY

498s    Modernities, Citizenships, and Mobilities    Present-day global mobilities involve an astonishing array of movements: dramatic flows of people, goods, and ideas. Participation in these global flows both enables claims to new (and newly imaginable) identities and challenges familiar norms and social structures. Around the world local communities and their members encounter new models of valued citizenship, desires for modernity, and aspirations for cosmopolitan belonging. Case studies drawn from ethnographies, films, and related materials explore the diverse ways in which contemporary modernities, citizenships, and mobilities constitute dynamic fields of social meaning as well as critical arenas of cultural, political, and social struggle. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112, a 200-level anthropology course, and junior or senior standing. Four credit hours.    MILLS