| Greek Myth and Literature A survey of the Greek myths, with emphasis on their content and significance in both ancient and modern society; the creation of myths; and the impact of myths on the evolution of our moral and political concepts. Three or four credit hours. L, I.
138s Heroes of the World The Greeks, the Romans, the Irish: peoples around the globe have produced their own unique heroes appropriate to the needs and desires of their particular cultures. Nevertheless, these heroes share a variety of traits and experiences. The similarities and differences of the heroes of Ireland, Greece, Rome, and other cultures; why we crave heroes and how that craving has shaped us all.
Three or four credit hours. L, I. O'NEILL
141j Snake Goddesses and One-Eyed Wall Builders: Prehistoric Greek Archaeology What does prehistory have to do with us? This survey of the prehistoric cultures of Greece and the Aegean islands seeks to answer just that question. Through the study of the material remains from sites like Troy, Mycenae, and Knossos and cultures of the Palaeolithic period (100,000 B.C.) down to the Iron Age (1000 B.C.), we will focus on universally understood topics such as social eating and drinking, human effect on the environment, city versus country, and economic booms and busts in order to understand what prehistoric people can tell us about ourselves.
Three credit hours. H. KVAPIL
145j Between Revolution and Tradition: Julius Caesar and Augustus How Julius Caesar and Augustus both contributed to the crisis of the Roman republic and tried to resolve it. Topics include conflicts between republican traditions and a monarchical regime, Caesar's dictatorship, his image, the Ides of March, Augustus's attainment of sole power, his relationship with senators, commoners and slaves, the Roman games, and society and literature in the Augustan age.
Two credit hours. J. ROISMAN
151s Anatomy of Bioscientific Terminology Teaches the Greek and Latin word elements that combine to form most of the specialized terms in biological sciences. The student who learns the meanings of these elements and the rules of word formation will usually recognize the basic meaning of any unfamiliar word in this field. Attention is also given to misformation, common errors, and words still in use that reflect scientific theories since rejected.
Two credit hours. H. ROISMAN
 Liar, Liar! Homer's Odysseus Through tall tales and bold-faced lies, Odysseus reinvents himself to suit every audience and situation. His adaptability and elastic sense of the truth are the keys to his success and survival. How could a liar like Odysseus become one of the best-known and most admired heroes of the ancient world? Why did the Odyssey become an integral part of ancient literature education? Readings include translations of the Odyssey, part of the Iliad, and secondary literature on Homeric poetry.
Three credit hours. L.
231f Hero's Rage in the Iliad War gives heroes a space to prove their worth. Was war idealized or perceived as a positive experience in the ancients' minds? And what roles were open to women in the Iliad?
Three credit hours. L, I. H. ROISMAN
 In Search of a Strong Man: Greece in the Fourth Century The fourth century B.C.E. was a transition period for the Greeks. They were forced to reassess basic values relevant to their political systems, their ways of life, and their relationship with non-Greeks. They re-examined the role of great individuals in a community that looked at such men with suspicion. The challenges faced by the city-state, the search for a powerful individual as a solution for social and political problems, the phenomenon of mercenaries, and the accomplishments of the kings of Macedonia, Philip II, and Alexander the Great. Open to first-year students.
Three credit hours. H, I.
 Roman Legends and Literature Through reading the works of selected Roman authors in translation, an examination of major concepts in mythology: cosmogony, the hero, the interplay of legend and history, etc. Open to first-year students. Four credit hours. L.
 Aeschylus: Beginnings of Greek Tragedy Examines the origins of Greek drama and discusses Aeschylus as traditionalist, innovator, and father of Western dramatic theater. Reading the seven extant tragedies of Aeschylus with special emphasis on moral and political dilemmas as portrayed in the Oresteia as well as Prometheus Bound. Three credit hours. L.
 Tragedies of Passion: Euripides Euripides's tragedies show the effects of passion and reason on human actions. His characters are not only ambiguous about their choices but often act contrary to their professed intentions. Reading from a selection of plays, such as Medea, Hippolytus, Bacchae, Alcestis, Helen, Trojan Women, Hecuba, and Electra, as well as secondary literature on Greek tragedy. Three credit hours. L, I.
 Myth and Archaeology Is myth fiction or does it have some basis in fact? Since the 19th century, there have been numerous claims that archaeological evidence has been discovered to prove the veracity of myths from the Trojan War to episodes in the Bible. An exploration of the often explosive and controversial intersection between myth and archaeology. Four credit hours. L.
356f Alexander the Great Alexander in Europe and Asia: his relations with Greeks and non-Greeks, his military conquests, his divinity, and the creation of the Hellenistic states. Enrollment limited.
Four credit hours. H. J. ROISMAN
398s The Good, the Bad, and the Mad: Early Imperial Rome Explores the political and social history of Rome under the Julio-Claudians, from Augustus to Nero. These emperors ranged from the good to the bad to the stark, raving mad. Focuses on the relationships among emperor, the Roman elite, and people, the provinces, and other related topics. Students will become familiar with a variety of ancient human experiences such as dealing with imbalanced power relations, negotiating politics where freedom is limited, and differentiated social realities framed by status, gender, and faith.
Four credit hours. H. J. ROISMAN
491f, 492s Independent Study Individual projects in areas where the student has demonstrated the interest and competence necessary for independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. One to four credit hours. FACULTY