111f    Expository Writing Workshop     A prerequisite to English 115. Strongly recommended for students who need intensive practice in composing academic essays. Work on syntax and grammar only as needed. Nongraded. Three credit hours.    HARRINGTON

112fs    Writers' Workshop    For any student who wants extra work in writing. Taken in conjunction with English 115 or with a writing-emphasis course in another department at any level. Meets as individual tutorial in the Writers' Center. Nongraded. One credit hour.    HARRINGTON, WEBB

115fs    English Composition    Frequent practice in expository writing to foster clarity of organization and expression in the development of ideas. The assigned reading will vary from section to section, but all sections will discuss student writing. Required for first-year students. Students with an Advanced Placement score of 4 or 5 are exempted. Descriptions of the individual sections can be found on the registrar's Web pages. Students should enter their first-choice section as a course selection and submit alternate preferences via the "EN115 Alternates (Spring)" web page. Four credit hours.    FACULTY

115Jj    English Composition    Frequent practice in expository writing to foster clarity of organization and expression in the development of ideas. Assigned reading will vary from section to section, but all sections will discuss student writing. Required for first-year students. Students with an Advanced Placement score of 4 or 5 are exempted. Descriptions of the individual sections can be found on the registrar's Web pages. For January, initially select the generic (.) section and specify actual section preferences via the Web page provided. Three credit hours.    N. HARRIS, MILLS, OSBORNE

[126]    Environmental Literature    Literature that addresses environment and place and the relations between the human and non-human, both directly (in nonfiction and natural history) and indirectly (in works of poetry or prose). The historical context for the shifts in literary attitudes toward environment. Texts from British Romantics, American Transcendentalists, natural historians, and modern poetry and prose. Part of Integrated Studies Program; requires concurrent enrollment in Philosophy 126 and Biology 131 (lab section C). Four credit hours.  L.    

141s    Beginning Playwriting    Listed as Theater and Dance 141. Four credit hours.  A.    CONNER

[151]    Reading and Writing about Literature    Topics, texts, and genres will vary from section to section, but all sections will emphasize close reading, detailed analysis of imaginative literature from different times and cultures, and careful critical writing. Prerequisite: English 115 or exemption. Four credit hours.  L.    

151Jj    Exile and Belonging in Fiction, Poetry, and Drama    In a sharp look at the themes of exile and belonging, we will compare story, poetry, drama, diary and memoir to study how literary form expands content. Students will gain a wide appreciation of how character, conflict, music, and dreams function across the genres, and explore issues of social violence; family myth and community within the literature. Texts include works by Shakespeare, June Jordan, Walt Whitman, Rebecca Brown and Leslie Marmon Silko. Students will write three essays, and responses in creative writing. Prerequisite: English 115 or exemption. Three credit hours.  L.    GATES

172fs    The English Seminar     The initial gateway to the study of literature for English majors, introducing students to the genres of poetry, drama, and fiction; emphasizing close reading; raising issues of genre and form; and providing practice in writing critical essays and in conducting scholarly research. Prerequisite: English 115 or exemption. Four credit hours.    FACULTY

[172J]    The English Seminar     The initial gateway to the study of literature for English majors, introducing students to the genres of poetry, drama, and fiction; emphasizing close reading; raising issues of genre and form; and providing practice in writing critical essays and in conducting scholarly research. Prerequisite: English 115 or exemption. Three credit hours.    

[187]    Cinema, Identity, and Exile     Two influential ways to study cinema—through directors and through the idea of national cinemas—are complicated when an important director abandons his home country and embarks on a career in exile. By focusing on films made by cinema personnel in exile in the period surrounding the Holocaust, examines the impact of exile in our notions of cinematic identity. Also traces some of the recurring ideas and images in films by exile directors, whether directly confronting historical moments or engaging in modes, like film noir, that submerge issues related to their moment. Part of the three-course Integrated Studies 187, "Identity After Auschwitz." Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in German 187 and Religious Studies 187. Four credit hours.  A.    

197Aj    Introduction to Public Speaking    The fundamentals of effective presentation for an audience, integrating vocal production, strategies for physical relaxation and poise, research, writing, memorization, argument building, rehearsal, debate and persuasion, supported by critical thinking skills. The class will involve individual and collaborative exercises in each student's major or area of interest, as well as practices from other disciplines, and will culminate in a written portfolio and oral performances open to the larger community. Two credit hours.    DONNELLY

197Bj    Reading and Writing Graphic Memoirs    An exploration of the graphic novel genre, focusing specifically on the memoir. We will study the roots and history of comic art over the past 100 years, leading to the present popularity of the graphic novel. Reading and analyzing seminal works in the genre (Maus by Speigelman, Persepolis by Satrapi, Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic by Bechdel, Epileptic by David B., and Our Cancer Year by Pekar), we will study the interplay between text and graphics and learn how the graphic novel is particularly well-suited to exploring the self. Students will examine their own life stories, and by combining writing and illustration, chart an outline for and draft several pages of their own memoir. Two credit hours.    CHAISON

197Cj    Mechanics of Freelance Writing    An overview of what is involved in becoming a successful freelance writer. Topics may include: motivation, training/education, market choice, writing a query letter, research, rewriting, working with editors, the finished piece, building a business, marketing, website set-up, use of a blog, writing for print vs Internet, and ghostwriting. Possible adjunct material: the mechanics of freelance photography (to be taught by a professional freelance photographer). Two credit hours.    WUORIO

214s    Tutoring Writing    Discussion of readings on the process of writing and methods of tutoring. Theory combined with practice in peer review of student papers, mock tutorials, and actual supervised tutorials. Students completing the course may apply for work-study positions in the Writers' Center. Nongraded. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Two credit hours.    HARRINGTON, WEBB

224f    Performance History I    Listed as Theater and Dance 224. Four credit hours.  L.    COULTER

226s    Performance History II    Listed as Theater and Dance 226. Four credit hours.  L.    CONNER

[231]    Tolkien's Sources    An examination of some of the mythologies, sagas, romances, tales, and other writings that are echoed in the stories of Middle Earth. Not an introduction to Tolkien's fantasy literature; a knowledge of The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, and The Lord of the Rings is assumed. Topics include the role of myth and fantasy in society and the events of Tolkien's life as they relate to the world he created. Three credit hours.  L.    

241fs    Introduction to Film Studies    The history, terminology, and major theoretical issues involved in studying film as a genre. Involves film analysis as well as writing assignments on both film and theory. While emphasis is put on questions of film form and style, also considers the notion of the cinema as an institution that comprises an industrial system of production, distribution, and exhibition; social and aesthetic norms and codes; as well as particular modes of reception. Four credit hours.  A.    KELLER

255f    Studies in American Literary History: Puritans to the Civil War     Introduces English majors to key movements in American literature and works written by American writers of different cultural backgrounds. Attends to themes that run throughout American literature prior to 1865 and considers how and why they are adapted and transformed. Explores the role of literature in shaping conceptions of the American self and how it has been used as a form of social protest. Traces the development of the American literary tradition, with particular attention to relationships between generic traditions, contexts surrounding the birth of certain genres, and how genre relates to a work's cultural and historical context. Four credit hours.  L.    STUBBS

256s    Studies in American Literary History: Civil War to the Present     American literature from the Civil War to the present. Examines literary works in all genres in their relationship to the times they both reflect and shaped and explores their significance for readers in later and different worlds. Four credit hours.  L.    KELLER

265s    Studies in British Literary History: 1500 to 1900     As we study literature from the 16th through early 19th centuries, students will not only gain skill and confidence in reading poems but will also gain a sense of literary history: a complex, open-ended sense, guided by the following questions. In what ways do the poets of one cultural moment respond to the poetry of preceding cultural moments? How is poetry shaped by the political, economic, religious, and social dynamics of its time? What are the uses and limits of dividing literary history into standard time periods or movements (Renaissance, Restoration, 18th-Century, Romantic, Victorian, etc). We'll also explore a variety of secondary sources. Four credit hours.  L.    SAGASER

[266]    Studies in British Literary History: 1600 to 1900    A survey of British literature from early modernity through the Industrial Revolution. Focuses in depth on writers whose influential works resonate with the historical shockwaves caused by the rise of the middling classes with their new ideology of domesticity, by the challenges posed to established religion by secularism and science, and by the industrialization and urbanization of England within a Great Britain newly conscious of its global power: Aprhra Behn; John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester; Daniel Defoe; Jonathan Swift; Mary Shelley; Thomas de Quincey; Elizabeth Gaskell; and Charles Dickens. Concludes with Peter Carey's recent postcolonial retelling of Great Expectations, Jack Maggs. Four credit hours.  L, I.    

[267]    Contact Zone    Listed as Music 267. Three credit hours.  A, I.    

271fs    Critical Theory     The study of selected texts through close reading and detailed analysis, and the consideration of various critical approaches, methods of inquiry, and strategies of interpretation. English majors should take this course in the sophomore year. Prerequisite: English 172 (may be taken concurrently.) Four credit hours.  L.    JAIN, MAZZEO, OSBORNE, SUCHOFF

278fs    Fiction Writing I    Introduction to the writing of fiction, with emphasis on student manuscripts. Prerequisite: English 115. Four credit hours.  A.    BOYLAN, N. HARRIS, SPARK

279fs    Poetry Writing I    Introduction to the writing of poetry, with emphasis on student manuscripts. Prerequisite: English 115. Four credit hours.  A.    BLEVINS, P. HARRIS

311f    Middle Ages: Medieval Narratives and Cultural Authority    The ways in which late medieval narratives create, recreate, and resist the various forms of cultural authority in 14th-century England. Both canonical and noncanonical materials, including romance, sermon literature, chronicles, hagiography, poetic narratives, drama, and the historical, social, and material contexts in which these works were written and transmitted. Readings include Geoffrey Chaucer, John Gower, William Langland, the Pearl poet, Margery Kempe, John Hoccleve, John of Trevisa, and Bromyard; critical skills honed with readings in the historical/cultural/critical traditions of Lee Patterson, Carolyn Dinshaw, Seth Lerer, Paul Strohm, Miri Reuben, and David Aers. Four credit hours.  L.    NARIN VAN COURT

[313]    Renaissance Poetry     The nature, power, and history of poetry; the forms and uses--social, political, religious, personal--of lyric and narrative poetry written in English during the 16th and early 17th centuries. Analysis of the poems' constructions of voice and their representations of thought, selfhood, national identity, love, desire, faith, and mortality. The period's poetic theory, including important defenses of poetry, and the debate about rhyme. Readings in Wyatt, Pembroke, Spenser, Sidney, Marlowe, Raleigh, Daniel, Campion, Shakespeare, Donne, and others. Four credit hours.  L.    

[314]    17th-Century Poetry     Close reading of canonical poems (mostly by men) and less canonical poems (mostly by women) written during England's volatile, fascinating 17th century. A comparison of these texts, charting representations of gender, developments in poetic style, the interrelations of secular and sacred poetic traditions, and the intersections of personal and political concerns. Readings include works by Shakespeare, Donne, Jonson, Lanyer, Speght, Herbert, Wroth, Herrick, Milton, Marvell, Philips, Behn, and others. One weekend day and night will be spent in a marathon reading of Milton's Paradise Lost. Four credit hours.  L.    

[317]    Early 18th-Century British Literature    A survey of early- to mid-18th-century British literature. Four credit hours.  L.    

[318]    18th-Century British Literature II     Selected works by writers of the second half of the 18th century. Four credit hours.  L.    

319s    Fictions of Empire     Using Edward Said's Orientalism as a starting point, an exploration of the rich literature of the long colonial era beginning with the 17th century and leading up to the 20th. The complex ways in which the historical, social, and political forces accompanying colonization produced the sense of the "other," one that served to define and limit, but also test, the often fluid borders of Western identity and culture. Authors include Shakespeare, Jonson, Aphra Behn, Conrad, and Kipling. Four credit hours.  L, I.    ROY

[320]    Modern Irish Drama    A survey of Irish drama from the late 19th century to today that focuses on the centrality of drama to the project of imagining Irish identity, modernity, and independence from Britain. Plays by Wilde, Yeats, Gregory, Synge, Shaw, Robinson, Behan, Friel, Carr, and McDonagh; comparison of three of the plays to film versions; relevant background reading in Irish mythology, politics, and history. Four credit hours.  L.    

[321]    British Romantic Poetry     An intensive study of the major verse forms of the British Romantic period. Emphasis on poetry of Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Keats. Will include attention to formal elements of poetry, to constructed and historical nature of aesthetic judgment, to theories of the lyric and poetic voice, and to the role of interpretation in morality. Students will be asked to memorize significant amounts of poetry, to write occasional imitation exercises, and to engage in sustained discussion and reading of some of the central poetic texts of the British literary tradition. Four credit hours.  L.    

[323]    Victorian Literature I    The idea of "culture" in the mid-Victorian period and the social pressures of class, religion, gender, and race that formed and transformed it. Readings include Victorian predecessors such as Walter Scott, novels by Charles Dickens, Emily Brontë, and George Eliot, prose by Thomas Carlyle, J.S. Mill, and Matthew Arnold, and poems by Alfred Tennyson and the Rossettis. Novels, essays, and poems considered as participants in Victorian debates that created "culture" as a political category and helped shape modern literary and cultural criticism. Four credit hours.  L.    

324f    Victorian Literature II    The conflict between the elite and an emerging mass culture in later 19th-century British society and culture; how issues raised by colonialism, commodity culture, and emergent socialist and feminist movements shaped that divide. Narrative texts that related the crisis in high-cultural Victorian values to questions of racial and ethnic "otherness," including works by Oscar Wilde, H.G. Wells, George Gissing, Bram Stoker, George Eliot, Rudyard Kipling, and William Morris. Four credit hours.  L.    SUCHOFF

325f    Modern British Fiction     A historically informed critical study of six late 19th- and 20th-century British novelists--Hardy, Joyce, Conrad, Forster, Woolf, and Lawrence--focusing on the competing visions of modernity and the ways in which these writers simultaneously challenged and upheld the dominant social, cultural, and sexual values of British society. Also traces questions about literary representation, style, and language within the political and aesthetic contexts defined by the aesthetic movement called modernism. Four credit hours.  L.    ROY

[327]    Wharton and James in Film and Literature    How biographical information and critical responses aid in understanding the key themes, literary projects, and central problems of major works by two of the most famous writers of the American literary tradition, Henry James and Edith Wharton, and how their close friendship may have affected their work. Several filmic adaptations of their texts will also be considered. Four credit hours.  L.    

[333]    Modern American Drama     Representative plays from major American playwrights O'Neill, Wilder, Williams, and Miller, and from the diverse African-American, American Indian, Cuban-American, gay, and women playwrights of the end of the 20th century. We will study the plays through dialogue writing, analysis, and limited use of film, as well as through historical and theoretical readings. Concerns will include how American plays contain the history of other plays and how they contribute to and reflect the making and unmaking of American identities. Four credit hours.  L.    

[335]    American Independents: Their Art and Production    Listed as American Studies 335. Three credit hours.  A.    

336s    Early American Women Writers     Is there a female literary tradition in America? Moving from the Colonial era to the early 20th century, an exploration of many of the themes central to women's lives and an investigation of the literary genres traditionally associated with women's writing, exploring the insights of feminist historians, and assessing the recent critical reclamations of "female" genres such as domestic fiction and the sentimental. Prerequisite: English 172. Four credit hours.  L, U.    STUBBS

[343]    African-American Literature    Particular attention to the much-neglected contributions of African-American women writers such as Jessie Fauset, Nella Larson, and Zora Neale Hurston, leading to a critical understanding of the ways African-American writers in the 19th and 20th centuries have responded artistically to problems inherent in American democracy concerning race, identity, marginality, gender, and class. Interpretive methods that will inform readings by James Baldwin, Toni Morrison, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and Chester Himes include formalism, historicism, feminist criticism, and myth criticism. Four credit hours.  L, U.    

344Jj    19th-Century American Poetry    Concentrates on the poetries of Dickinson and Whitman, but also examines Emerson, Dunbar, and a few of the so-called Sentimental poets. These poets all wrote during a period of growing American expansionism and liberalism, and they had a concomitant faith in the transformative powers of art, thereby altering the texture and dynamic of poetry itself. Dickinson and Whitman both explore the boundaries of gender and sexuality, selfhood and identity, spirituality and death, as well as their place in their cultural moment. Prerequisite: English 172, 271, and sophomore or higher standing; one of 255, 256, or 266 strongly recommended. Three credit hours.  L.    SADOFF

[345]    Modern American Fiction    Major works of American fiction since 1920--by Faulkner, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Bellow, O'Connor, Alice Walker, and others--will be analyzed, emphasizing the pattern of experience of the protagonist in conflict with the modern world. Four credit hours.  L.    

346f    Culture and Literature of the American South     In a cold, New England dormitory, a northern student asks his southern roommate to "tell about the South." The effort to do so engenders not just one narrative about what it means to grow up amid the palpable shadows of the Civil War and institutional slavery, but a whole tradition of imaginative fiction demarcated by elusive terms like "regionalism," "grotesque," "realism," and "modernism." Because so many of our writers are Southerners by birth, experience, and disposition, the South, as myth and reality, has become a trope for what is essentially and problematically "American"--and what isn't--in our literature and cultural history. Four credit hours.  L.    BRYANT

[347]    Modern American Poetry     An examination of the Modernist movement in American poetry: the aesthetics, manifestos, and historicity of high and low Modernism. Analysis of work by various figures from the period, including Pound, Stein, Eliot, Moore, Stevens, Williams, H.D., and Hughes. Prerequisite: English 172 or 271. Three credit hours.  L.    

348f    Postcolonial Literatures     An introduction to the emergent postcolonial literatures in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Indian subcontinent, specifically addressing ways in which: postcolonial literature challenges, modifies, or radically alters the inherited legacy of colonialism by adopting and working on the master metropolitan language, English; re-imagines the dominant narratives of colonial expansion as a way to interrogate and unravel the dominant ideologies of the Empire; and evokes alternate histories of the nation as a way to question the cultural politics of neo-imperialism and the continuing legacies of the Empire in our times. Four credit hours.  L, I.    ROY

[349]    Modern Jewish Writing: From the Diaspora to the Modern Israeli Novel    How did the ancient, ritual language of a European minority, no longer a spoken tongue, arise to become one of the most vibrant and creative literatures of the postmodern world? In English translation, an introduction to the literature of modern Israel, Zionist programs and their conflicts, and the roots of the modern Hebrew novel in the diaspora, Yiddish-speaking world of Sholom Aleichem and the shtetl. Four credit hours.  L, I.    

351s    Contemporary American Poetry     An examination of representative poets in the major movements in American poetry from 1956 to the present (including close readings and cultural contexts): Ginsberg and Snyder of the Beats, Sylvia Plath and the Confessional Poets, Elizabeth Bishop and the Formalist poets, Charles Simic and the Neo-Surrealist movement, Frank O'Hara and the New York School, Yusef Komunyakaa and Tyehimba Jess (Vietnam poetry and the Spoken Word movement), John Ashbery and Alice Notley and the Postmodernists. Four credit hours.  L.    P. HARRIS

353f    The American Short Story     A historical, cultural, and analytic look at the American short story from its origins to the current day, including the slave narratives of Bibb and Douglass and works by Hawthorne, Melville, Gilman, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Langston Hughes, O'Connor, Updike, Cheever, Baldwin, O'Brien, Robert Olen Butler, Raymond Carver, Grace Paley, John Barth, and Donald Barthelme. Prerequisite: English 172 and 271. Four credit hours.  L.    SADOFF

[360]    The Car in Modern American Literature and Pop Culture     Examines the signal intersections between mass culture, literary production, and the American car--the "machine in the garden" that as symbol and substance, myth and reality, metaphorizes modernism and postmodernism in the 20th century. An eclectic combination of "texts," including fiction by Flannery O'Connor, Stephen King, and F. Scott Fitzgerald; music by the Eagles, Bob Seger, Tracy Chapman, and Patti Griffin; films by Martin Scorsese and Jonathan Demme; and deconstruction theory are some of the required readings. Prerequisite: English 115. Four credit hours.  L, U.    

[364]    Buddhism in American Poetry    Non-Western religions have affected American poets as far back as Emerson and Whitman. By the beginning of the 20th century, East Asian poetry's emphasis upon unelaborated image had sparked the revolutionary poetics of Pound and William Carlos Williams. Since World War II, the rise of Zen practice in North America has prompted many poets to explore the kinship between poetry and Buddhism's non-dualistic world view. Emphasis will be on readings in Zen and in contemporary American poetry. Four credit hours.  L.    

378fs    Fiction Writing II    Practice in the writing of short stories, with major emphasis on student manuscripts. Admission is by manuscript submission only; consult instructor for deadlines and format for manuscript submission. Prerequisite: English 278. Four credit hours.    BOYLAN, SPARK

379s    Poetry Writing II    Practice in the writing of poetry, with major emphasis on student manuscripts. Admission is by manuscript submission only; consult instructor for deadlines and format for manuscript submission. Prerequisite: English 279. Four credit hours.    BLEVINS

380f    Creative Nonfiction    Creative nonfiction includes renderings of personal experience, presentations of opinion and passion, profiles of people, and evocations of time and place. Based upon "fact," it uses elements of fiction. A writing workshop with weekly assignments designed to help students find their best material and their strongest voices. Also, reading and discussion of the work of published essayists. Formerly listed as English 277. Prerequisite: English 115 (or exemption). Four credit hours.  A.    N. HARRIS

382s    Environmental Writing: Writing on Place    Practice in the forms of nonfiction that seek to evoke and represent place, and experiences of it. A writing workshop that begins with sample readings, followed by assignments, then consideration of student work. Counts as a creative writing "fourth requirement." Four credit hours.  A.    BURKE

[385]    Genre Workshop    A selected genre of literature. Works in progress will be examined and performed in a workshop setting. Prerequisite: English 115. Four credit hours.    

386j    Special Topics: Prose Poem, Flash Fiction, Lyric Essay     This part-imitation, part-workshop course explores the potential for a greater and stranger range of expression by working at the border of the three major literary genres. Techniques from theoretically opposing approaches--narrative, lyric, associative, persuasive, linear, fragmentary, spherical, etc.--will be commingled in an effort to renovate traditional definitions and constraints. Open to students working in all genres. Three credit hours.  A.    BLEVINS

397f    Poetry of the Postwar: American and British     Literary movements from 1945 to 1975. World War II and the devastating threat of world destruction produced volcanic shifts in poetry as well as culture. The ensuing fatalism and cynicism, ennui and alienation of the Forties and Fifties gradually gave way to the psychology of self; the Vietnam War then brought the return of the irrational and the Surreal. From America we will study the Beats, Confessional poets, poems of social protest, and the Neo-Surrealists; in English poetry we'll examine "The Movement" and so-called Martian poets. Prerequisite: English 172 and 271. Four credit hours.    SADOFF

397Bf    Contemporary American Detective Fiction     Close reading of literary detective novels with diverse protagonists whose stories are revealing in terms of important issues of gender, race, sexuality, class, and other relevant identity categories. In addition to formal analysis and relevant literary theory, we will examine uses of evidence and claims of truth. Authors may include Barbara Hambly, Tony Hillerman, Laurie R. King, Dennis Lehane, Walter Mosley, S. J. Rozan, and Sujata Massey. Four credit hours.    JAIN

397Jj    Art, Politics, and Production of American Social Action Documentaries    Since the 1930s, many documentary filmmakers have come to define themselves as "activists" and their filmmaking as a means of educating for social justice. Their documentaries are intended to represent the marginalized and the reality that belies the American Dream. We will consider issues such as the definition of documentary and the responsibilities of the filmmaker. We will also analyze the art of documentary and explore the process of production, from conception to distribution. For a final project, students will create a film treatment for a documentary on a social issue they have researched. Prerequisite: A film studies course and experience in writing essays. Three credit hours.  A, U.    MANNOCCHI

398s    Literature of World War I and the Rise of Modernism     Described by Henry James as "this abyss of blood and darkness," World War I killed more than eight million people, including an entire generation of young British men. From the experience of this war, with its unimaginable suffering and destruction, the modern literary imagination was born. Beginning with Paul Fussell's The Great War and Modern Memory and essays on Modernism, we will study British and American literature written during the war, postwar, and up to the present—from All Quiet on the Western Front, A Farewell to Arms, and A Testament of Youth to contemporary works by Sebastian Faulks, Pat Barker, and Ian McEwan, including poetry, short stories, memoirs, and letters. Four credit hours.    MANNOCCHI

398Bs    Asian-American Writing     Reading famous writers of the United States who represent many parts of Asia, including China, India, Japan, and the Philippines. In addition, viewing films that provide historical and social context. Themes include American literary history, aesthetic and stylistic devices in literature, intergenerational relationships, responses to assimilation pressures, gender and class differences among Asian Americans, pan-ethnic solidarity, the significance of "color" to Asian-American experiences, political representation, and popular culture. Four credit hours.  U.    JAIN

398Cs    Travel Writing: History and Practice, Romanticism and Beyond    Focuses on the history and practice of travel writing from the 18th century to the present, with emphasis on its development as a literary and print-culture genre. Considers how travel writing evolves in such multiple directions as the personal essay, the novel, and the tourist guide. Readings in theories of cultural imperialism and commodity history. An upper-level writing-intensive class, which considers the practice of travel writing, both with an eye toward the practical elements of publication and toward considering more deeply the economic and cultural impact. Prerequisite: English 271. Four credit hours.    MAZZEO

[410]    The Arthurian Tradition     A comprehensive investigation of the Arthurian tradition from its origins in Celtic legendary materials to its development and perfection in Chrétien de Troyes's French Arthurian romances, the emergence of an English Arthurian tradition in the Middle Ages, and the reinterpretations of the Arthurian myths produced in the Renaissance, Victorian, and modern periods. Issues include the historicity of Arthur and foundational myths, political and cultural appropriation of Arthurian materials, gender and the ideals of quest literature. Works range from Chrétien de Troyes to The Mists of Avalon. Four credit hours.  L.    

411f    Shakespearean Excess    Too much drink, too much violence, too much sex. Shakespeare's representations of excess, examined in the contexts of social practices, humoral psychology, and structures of political discipline in the Early Modern period. Significant writing and research involved. Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement. Four credit hours.  L.    OSBORNE

412s    Shakespeare in Popular Culture    Explorations of Shakespeare's works as Early Modern popular culture and as represented and enacted in popular culture since then, including film, genre fiction, contemporary drama, comic books, etc. Extensive writing and research involved. Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement. Four credit hours.  L.    OSBORNE

413Af    Author Course: Toni Morrison     An intensive exploration of Toni Morrison's life, fiction, and nonfiction—eight novels, collected essays/lectures, and short fiction—and their aesthetic and political location within the national discussion about race, class, and gender, canonicity, and literary production. As a writer, teacher, and critic, Morrison has positioned her work at the crossroads of current cultural criticism, insisting that we, her readers, look unflinchingly at issues that, in the African-American vernacular, "worry" all of her writing—brutality, wholeness, love, community, cultural and political marginalization, and history. Like so many of her characters who struggle to find a voice to speak the unspeakable, this course is predicated upon dialogue and critical inquiry. Four credit hours.  L.    BRYANT

413Bf    Author Course: Geoffrey Chaucer    An introduction to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, reading closely in the poetry and investigating the historical, social, and material contexts in which Chaucer's work was written and transmitted. The poetry will be read as performed verse in its original Middle English form and will be approached through a variety of topical and critical issues grounded in the history of late medieval literary life and practice. Four credit hours.  L.    NARIN VAN COURT

413Cf    Author Course: John Donne     Daring, brilliant, unconventional, wildly passionate, resilient, intuitive, and serendipitous, John Donne was both rebel and reformer during the tumultuous last decades of England's16th century and first decades of the 17th. As we study his life and times, we'll delve into Donne's intense, sensual, playful, and earnest love poetry, his secular philosophical poems, his powerful holy sonnets, his letters, and a few of his sermons--sermons of compelling rhythm, bold paradox, astonishing metaphor. Four credit hours.  L.    SAGASER

[413E]    Author Course: Nation and Dialect in Thomas Hardy's Novels     Reading the idea of nation and language in Hardy's early to late novels, with an emphasis on the difference between dialect and working-class language and high English as elements of his incipient modernism. With dialect seen as earthy but too low and unlettered, and high language lacking concretion but the key to social mobility, Hardy's novels and their tragedies create a comedy that plays on both positions and thinks through the hidden differences and multiplicity of individual identity and the "English" idea. Class will read language theory and Victorian philology. Novels include The Mayor of Castorbridge, Jude the Obscure, Tess of the D'Urbervilles, and others. Four credit hours.  L.    

413Fs    Author Course: Mark Twain    The author often considered our nation's funniest and most beloved was also a writer of serious intent who grappled, through satire, irony, and his distinctive use of voice, with national issues of his day that remain concerns of our own. Through close readings of better known works such as Innocents Abroad, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, The Prince and the Pauper, Puddn'head Wilson, and The War Prayer, as well as lesser known short stories and polemical writings, we will examine Twain's treatment of issues, including race, class, technology, empire, cultural hegemony, and gender construction, that vexed America during his lifetime and continue to shape American identity and discourse today. Four credit hours.  L.    HARRINGTON

[417]    Literary Criticism: Derrida, Levinas, and Alterity    Jacques Derrida, Emmanuel Levinas, and Alterity. Readings in deconstructive theory and its relation to ethics and the question of the "other." With Levinas and biblical texts as background, a reading of Derrida's late texts on the gift, hospitality, the question of the nation, and his rethinking of the idea of tradition in a transnational context, examining sources for postmodern thought in religious texts and philosophy. Prerequisite: EN271 or a philosophy course. Four credit hours.  L.    

418s    Cross-Dressing in Literature and Film     An exploration of gender performance on stage and screen, ranging widely, from Early Modern texts that use cross-dressing to 19th-century novels to 20th-century plays (M. Butterfly) to films including Tootsie, Victor/Victoria, The Crying Game. We will explore the way cross-dressing and disguise function within culture and literature to challenge or even to reinforce gender boundaries. Extensive writing and viewing required. Fulfills the pre-1800 requirement. Four credit hours.  L.    OSBORNE

[423]    Jews in Literature: Medieval to Modern    Focuses on the representation of Jews and Judaism in a wide range of literature from medieval to modern, informed by and contextualized with historical, cultural, theological, and critical readings. Particular attention to the variety and instability of representation, and the interpretive possibilities available in the literary works. Also concerned with stereotypes, anti-types, anti-Semitism, race and religion, representations of the outsider, gender and Jews, assimilation politics, and intellectualizing Jewish identity. Dissent, thoughtful debate, and informed argumentation are strongly endorsed. Four credit hours.  L.    

[426]    African-American Women Writers    A focus on the unique and still largely marginalized literary contributions of African-American women novelists, poets, essayists, and playwrights during the 19th and 20th centuries. Writers will be discussed in context of the issues central to their work, including magical realism, race, (re)membering the female body, (black) feminism and literary production, and reconstructing black womanhood. Four credit hours.  L, U.    

429f    Passionate Expression: Love, Sex, and Sexuality in Western Literature    A study of the Western tradition in love literature focusing on representative masterworks both from mainstream culture and from countercultures through the ages; topics begin with the Bible, Greek drama, and medieval lyric and conclude with classic Hollywood versions of love stories and the fiction of contemporary liberation movements. Prerequisite: English 172 and junior or senior standing. Four credit hours.  L.    MANNOCCHI

[457]    American Gothic Literature    Horror, especially gothic horror of the American variety, always masquerades as something else; it can usually be found "playing in the dark," in Toni Morrison's phrase, or beneath a monster-other mask. Surveying horror's effects--the narrative strategies that make horror fiction so horrifying--is a focus, but emphasis is on learning to use various critical tools, Jungian myth, psychoanalytical, feminist, and race criticism to explore the deeper, semiotic relation of signs and signifying that codify the cultural meaning behind the monster masks--werewolves, shapeshifters, vampires, succubi, demons, and (extra)terrestial aliens--that conceal a humanity too terrifying to confront consciously. Four credit hours.  L, U.    

474fs    Public Speaking     An intensive course in the practice of public speaking, with special attention to current political and social issues and the development of an effective and persuasive platform personality. Attendance at campus debates and speech contests required. Four credit hours.    MILLS

478s    Advanced Studies in Prose    An advanced "group independent" workshop, providing a capstone experience to creative writing concentrators and minors working in fiction, drama, or creative nonfiction. Students will focus on a semester-long prose project, which may include the short story, the novella, memoir, creative nonfiction, playwriting, or a screenplay. Prerequisite: English 377 or 378, and permission of the instructor. Two to four credit hours.    BOYLAN

[479]    Advanced Studies in Poetry    An advanced "group independent" workshop, providing a capstone experience to creative writing concentrators and minors working in poetry. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Two to four credit hours.    

[480]    Teaching Poetry in the Schools    A service learning class in which Colby students teach the writing of poetry at community elementary schools. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.    

483f, 484js    Honors Thesis    An independent, substantial project approved by the department. The student will work in close consultation with a faculty member. Students are responsible for selecting their faculty tutor and submitting their proposal by May of their junior year. Prerequisite: A 3.25 grade point average in the major and approval from a faculty tutor. Two to four credit hours.    FACULTY

491f, 492s    Independent Study    Individual projects exploring topics for which the student has demonstrated the interest and competence necessary for independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of a project advisor and the chair of the department. One to four credit hours.    FACULTY

493Af    Seminar: Reading in Early America     The impact of "print culture" on early American literary history, social relations, and power formations. Works of early American fiction in the context of their publication histories and their critical and popular reception. Topics include the early history of literacy and popular reading in the United States; the role of printers; democratization and the expansion of the literary marketplace; censorship and state power; race, gender, class, and reading practices. Four credit hours.  L.    STUBBS

493Bf    Ireland and Otherness: James Joyce's Ulysses and Early Writings     An examination of Joyce's idea of otherness as both an English that censored Irish writing and a foreignness that inhabits language and gives a nation different voices. We will study The Dubliners and Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man to see how Joyce developed his idea of linguistic identity and difference; then we will go on to study the chapters of Ulysses, each with a different narrator, learning how to read the Bloom, Stephen Dedalus, and the allusions that allowed Joyce to remake the realist novel in a comic, self-conscious vein. Four credit hours.    SUCHOFF

493Cf    Seminar: Keats and Coleridge: Romanticism and Theories of the Lyric Self    An intensive study into the poetic lyric during the Romantic Period. Reading across a range of theories about the development of the lyric, with particular emphasis on the ways in which writers craft those forms of voiced subjectivity that are considered distinctively Romantic. Considerable attention to formal issues of voice, the historically constructed nature of both aesthetic judgment and selfhood, and the oral ballad tradition and its intersections with print and material culture. Reading large selections of the major poetic works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and John Keats. Significant memorization required. Four credit hours.    MAZZEO

493Ds    Seminar: Film and Authorship    Examines authorship both as a theoretical construct and as a way of grappling with specific cinematic and literary texts. How does the notion of an author complicate our understanding of a text? What happens when romantic ideas of a sole author toiling in an attic room meet the production circumstances of a Hollywood film? By focusing on theories of authorship as well as the works of major auteurs of the cinema, provides a foundation for understanding literary and cinematic history, from authorship's role in establishing canons of important films and directors to its influence on the development of accounts of genre, adaptation, and reception. Four credit hours.  L.    KELLER