111fs    Introduction to American Government and Politics    How does the American government work? An examination of the relationships among American values, politics, government institutions, and public policy. Priority to first-year students and government majors; all others require permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.  S, U.    MACKENZIE, MAISEL

113j    Overview of the U.S. Legal System    A discussion-oriented study of constitutional, criminal, and civil law, through readings, legal research, outside speakers, attending court, and visiting the maximum-security prison. Some field trips last all day. The fourth meeting of the week may vary between Thursday and Friday, depending on speaker availability. Three credit hours.    LEE

[114]    U.S. Legal System: A Micro and Macro Study     An understanding of the U.S. legal system through readings, discussions, and attendance at court proceedings. An in-depth study of a case pending before the U.S. Supreme Court. One week in the classroom, followed by a week-long trip to Washington, D.C., then individual meetings on campus. Attend oral argument of the case studied and meet with a Supreme Court justice. Meet with congressional and executive officials on different aspects of the U.S. legal system. Visit the White House, Capitol, and points of interest in the area. Three credit hours.  S.    

116j    News Literacy     An exploration of various news media--traditional newspapers, online news organizations, blogs, network television, cable outlets, and others--seeking to understand how news is gathered and how the media differ in terms of news gathering techniques, emphasis on fairness and reliability, and interpretation. Three credit hours.    PAUL

131fs    Introduction to International Relations    An introduction to the major issues within the field of international relations and the theoretical approaches that have been developed to understand these issues. Four credit hours.  S.    HATCH, RODMAN

171fs    Introduction to Political Theory    An introduction to basic concepts important to the empirical study of politics, including the nature and purpose of the political community, the nature of citizenship and the political virtues, the idea of the state of nature and the social contract, theories of rights, and the relationship between culture and politics. Readings from Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, Mill, and others. Four credit hours.  S, I.    CORRADO, REISERT

210f    Interest-Group Politics    Organized interests have always been an important constituent of American political life. How have changes in government and electoral politics affected the role of interest groups? Are these groups an essential aspect of good government? Do they exert too much influence in modern politics? An examination of the activities of interest groups in American politics, including their formation, behavior, and evolution in recent decades. Formerly offered as Government 310. Four credit hours.    CORRADO

211s    The American Presidency    The organization, powers, and actions of the executive branch of the American government examined in historical and contemporary perspective. Prerequisite: Government 111 and sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours.  U.    MACKENZIE

214s    Parties and the Electoral Process    An analysis of partisan politics and elections in the United States, emphasizing the role of parties and dealing with candidates, their staffs, the electorate, and the media. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.    MAISEL

216j    Political Rhetoric     An introduction to the theory and practice of political rhetoric through the study of historically significant political speeches and the composition and delivery of original addresses, including intensive practice in persuasive writing and public speaking. Topics include the moral status of rhetoric and the identification and use of rhetorical figures and modes of persuasion. Works studied include the funeral oration of Pericles, speeches from Shakespeare such as Antony's subversive "Friends, Romans, countrymen" and Henry V's rousing "band of brothers," Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and Second Inaugural, and King's "I Have a Dream." For the culminating exercise, students will compose and deliver their own political speeches. Three credit hours.    REISERT

231f    United States Foreign Policy: The Cold War    An analysis of the major events facing the United States during the Cold War and the controversies surrounding them. Academic and policy debates over national security doctrines, the proper place of ideology in foreign policy, the role of economic factors, and domestic political institutions. Topics include the origin of the Cold War, nuclear weapons strategy, the Vietnam War, containment and detente, and the end of the Cold War. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours.    RODMAN

238f    Politics of War Crime Tribunals    Examination of attempts to establish criminal accountability over genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, from Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals at the end of World War II through recent controversies over the International Criminal Court. Central questions: (1) whether international laws and institutions can end impunity for leaders and soldiers who violate international humanitarian law, (2) how considerations of politics influence decisions about international justice. Academic and legal analysis is combined with simulated court proceedings, e.g. the Milosevic trial at the Hague, the UK's Pinochet extradition hearings, whether the Geneva Convention applies to Taliban and Al Qaeda captured in Afghanistan. Four credit hours.  S.    RODMAN

[243]    Politics of Subnational Culture and Identity in Europe     Examines the varieties of regional identities, social movements, and political parties in Europe. Explores questions such as, "Where are regional identities the strongest and why?" Considers whether the rise of regional movements and the devolution of power in many countries challenge the primacy of the nation-state in Europe. To what extent is the European Union a "Europe of the regions" where subnational political actors can find new opportunities to shape the political agenda? Prerequisite: Government 131 or 151. Three credit hours.  I.    

251f    Israelis and Palestinians: Conflict and Accommodation     An examination of the roots, evolution, and changing dynamics of the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Focuses on key historical junctures, from the British mandate over Palestine, through the "Oslo Process" and its collapse, to the new situation created by the events of the past few years, including Hamas's victory in the parliamentary elections of January 2006, the Hezbollah-Israel war of July 2006, and Israel's military assault on Gaza in December 2008. Some attention is paid to media coverage of, and U.S. policy toward, the conflict. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours.  S, I.    DENOEUX

252f    Politics of the Middle East    An introduction to the internal politics of Middle Eastern countries. Provides essential historical background and analyzes the domestic and external forces that shape politics in the region. Delves into the relationship between Islam and politics, analyzes the factors that account for the resilience of Arab regimes, and examines other key impediments to substantive democratization. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours.  I.    DENOEUX

253f    Latin American Politics    An introduction to major political institutions, actors, and processes in the region as well as some key concepts and controversies affecting discussions of Latin America today. Political instability, revolution, civil war, human rights, economic development, democracy, and citizenship rights. Four credit hours.  I.    ARMONY

256f    Conflict in East Asia    An introduction to the domestic politics and foreign policies of China, Japan, South Korea, and North Korea, with special attention to three sources of insecurity in the region: the tension between Japan and China over collective memories of World War II, the dispute between China and Taiwan over the island's territorial sovereignty and national identity, and the conflict between North Korea and the five other Pacific Rim powers (the United States, China, Japan, South Korea, and Russia) over the hermit kingdom's nuclear weapons program. Four credit hours.  S, I.    HATCH

259f    European Politics    An examination of the development of European forms of democratic governance, political cultures and institutions in contrasting national settings, and implications of the European integration process for democracy in Europe. Four credit hours.    YODER

266j    German Politics     A brief overview of the political system of the Federal Republic of Germany. Focuses on the September 2009 parliamentary elections. Explores the German political parties, leaders, and policy debates central to the election. Students participate in a simulation of the negotiations to form a coalition government. Allows students to compare the German and American electorates, election campaign processes, and electoral and party systems. Three credit hours.    YODER

[272]    Modern Political Theory    A survey of major works by Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, and Nietzsche. Modern understanding of the social contract, the individual, and the state; psychology; religion and politics; knowledge and political power; and the definition of freedom. Prerequisite: Government 171. Four credit hours.  I.    

273f    American Political Thought    An in-depth examination of fundamental principles and transformative concepts that have shaped American political thought based on an analysis of primary source documents and writings. Special emphasis on the ideas and arguments advanced by leaders in times of crisis, with a focus on the political thought of Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Obama. Four credit hours.    CORRADO

[281]    Introduction to Research Methods for Political Science     An examination of the research methods used by political scientists, with emphasis on understanding the relationships among political variables and on designing research projects to explore those relationships using basic tools of both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Required for the honors program. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.  Q.    

313f    Federalism in American Constitutional Law     An examination of debates that have defined the structure and powers of the modern national government. Topics include constitutional interpretation, judicial review, and the role of an independent judiciary; the scope of the states' police powers in relation to congressional power; the conflict between the constitutional protection of economic rights and the modern regulatory state; and the powers of the president, especially in times of emergency and war. Readings include landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions and related documents. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.  U.    REISERT

314s    Civil Liberties in American Constitutional Law     An examination of legal, moral, and philosophical controversies involving rights and liberties arising under the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment. Topics include the nature of rights and theories of constitutional interpretation; the right to the free exercise of religion and the establishment clause; freedom of expression; the "right of privacy" and protections for contraception, abortion, and homosexuality; and affirmative action and the status of women and minorities under the law. Readings include landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases and related works of moral and political philosophy. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.  U.    REISERT

[316]    Presidential Electoral Politics     The procedural and electoral environment of presidential elections and the strategies employed in presidential campaigns by candidates, party organizations, and political committees. Topics include campaign communication strategies, media coverage of elections, and recent controversies associated with the voting process, with a focus on the current or most recent election. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.    

317f    The Policymaking Process     The policymaking process, including agenda setting, program formulation, consensus building, implementation, and the use and misuse of policy analysis. Special attention to methods and techniques of policy evaluation. Primary focus on policy making at the national level in the U.S. government. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.  U.    MACKENZIE

318s    Money and Politics    The role of money in the political process and the policy debates on various campaign finance reform alternatives. Formerly offered as Government 419. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.    CORRADO

[320]    The Rights Revolution and Its Discontents    The changing role of the national government in American society since the beginning of the 20th century, especially government involvement in defining and protecting individual and civil rights. Critical analyses of the movements that led to those expansions, the government programs that resulted, and the opposition and reaction they inspired. Prerequisite: Government 111 or History 132. Four credit hours.  U.    

[331]    Business and American Foreign Policy     Examination of competing theories about the relationship between business and the state in the conduct of foreign policy. The relevance of these theories will be tested vis-à-vis cases of Cold War interventionism, East-West trade, economic sanctions, trade policy, the role of international banking, the arms industry, and the oil companies. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours.    

[332]    International Organization    The structure, politics, and current operation of international organizations within the nation-state system. Topics include conflict resolution, nonproliferation, human rights, and international economic cooperation. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours.    

333f    Globalization and Social Innovation    Major debates in the study of globalization concerning poverty, environment, political economy, technology, and democracy. Special attention to the new field of social innovation: social entrepreneurship, grassroots invention, indigenous knowledge, social technology, and participatory governance. Prerequisite: Two courses focused on international issues and permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.    ARMONY

334s    International Environmental Regimes    Listed as Environmental Studies 334. Four credit hours.  I.    ASHCRAFT

335s    United States-Latin American Relations    The evolving relationship between Latin America and the United States. Analysis will focus on the continuities and changes in U.S. policy toward Latin America as well as Latin American perceptions and policies towards the United States. Special attention to post-Cold War issues such as the war on drugs, democracy promotion, international migration, hemispheric trade, financial crises, crime, and terrorism. Prerequisite: Government 131, 151, or 253. Four credit hours.    ARMONY

339f    Development, Trade, and the Environment    Listed as Environmental Studies 339. Four credit hours.  I.    ASHCRAFT

340s    Conflict, Cooperation, and the Environment    Listed as Environmental Studies 340. Four credit hours.    ASHCRAFT

341f    Environmental Negotiation and Dispute Resolution    Listed as Environmental Studies 341. Four credit hours.    ASHCRAFT

353s    Citizen Participation in Comparative Perspective     Cross-regional study of the role of organized citizens in political life. Topics include civil society and its critics, transnational movements, and nongovernmental organization politics. Prerequisite: Any of the "gateway" courses to comparative politics. Four credit hours.    ARMONY

354s    The European Union     The evolution and institutions of the European Union, focusing on the major policy debates within the EU and the challenges of European integration, especially those posed by enlargement to include former communist countries. Prerequisite: Government 131 or 151. Four credit hours.    YODER

355s    Winners and Losers in Chinese Politics    An exploration of contemporary Chinese politics, especially the political and social fallout from post-Mao economic reforms. Prerequisite: Government 151 or 256. Four credit hours.    HATCH

[356]    Winners and Losers in Japanese Politics    An exploration of Japanese politics, with a focus on the evolving struggle between traditional insiders (such as government bureaucrats and corporate executives) and traditional outsiders (such as labor unions and housewives). Prerequisite: Government 151 or 256. Four credit hours.    

357s    Political Economy of Regionalism    Comparative analysis of economic and political integration in three regions: Europe (the EU), North America (NAFTA), and Asia. Why do states agree to give up some sovereignty by cooperating on regional projects? Why do these projects vary so much from region to region? Four credit hours.    HATCH

358s    Comparative Arab Politics     Builds on knowledge acquired in Government 252 to explore the political dynamics of selected Arab countries. Particular emphasis on Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Morocco, and Jordan, with some attention also paid to Syria, Kuwait, and Algeria. Emphasizes both similarities and differences in political processes across Arab countries. Evaluates the political changes taking place in the region, including the relationship between democratization, Islamist parties, and economic reform. Prerequisite: Government 252 Four credit hours.    DENOEUX

[359]    Political Ideologies and Revolutionary Movements in Europe     An exploration of major ideological currents and movements in modern Europe. Focuses on various forms of radicalism on the right and left of the political spectrum against the background of important political developments in Europe in the last century, such as the Bolshevik revolution, the rise of fascism and Nazism, the emergence of domestic terrorism, the explosion of nationalisms and fundamentalisms, and the collapse of Soviet-style communism. Prerequisite: Government 131, 151, or 171. Four credit hours.    

[371]    Foundations of American Constitutionalism     An examination of the philosophical foundations of the Constitution and American political thought at the time of the founding through an analysis of Revolution-era documents, the writings of Locke and Montesquieu, and selected Federalist and anti-Federalist essays. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.    

398As    Post-Communist Transformations    Examines the rise and fall of communism in Russia and Eastern Europe. Offers analysis of the post-communist political, economic, and social transformation processes. Prerequisite: Government 257, 258, or 259. Four credit hours.    YODER

398Cs    Democracy Assistance     An introduction to the field of democracy assistance, taught from a practitioner's perspective. Students are exposed to key concepts, analytical frameworks, and techniques used by donors. Examines the main issues and debates in the field; the challenges, dangers, and pitfalls specific to this craft; and what may be learned from both the successes and failures encountered by development professionals who have sought to support democratic forces abroad. Debates over the legitimacy and effectiveness of "democracy promotion" will be examined, together with the evolving place of democracy assistance in U.S. foreign policy from the 1980s to the Obama administration. Four credit hours.    DENOEUX

[413]    Seminar: Policy Advocacy     Intensive study of selected public-policy issues and the techniques of policy advocacy; emphasis on oral presentations of policy positions. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours.    

[414]    Seminar: Ethics in Politics    A discussion of critical ethical issues faced by American and other national leaders. Case studies of 20th-century decisions, including those involved with violence (e.g., Truman's decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki), deception in government (e.g., Oliver North's decision to lie to Congress about Iran-Contra), disobedience of those in authority (e.g., Daniel Ellsberg's release of the Pentagon Papers), policies regarding life and death (e.g., abortion and euthanasia laws), and others. Prerequisite: Government 111 and permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.  U.    

415f    Seminar: Group Tutorial in American Government    Intensive small group study of a set of contemporary challenges to government in America. The focus is on the digital revolution; its impacts on social, economic and political life; and the consequences for government. The group will assess the potential impacts of the digital revolution, relying in part on comparisons with transportation, communications, and other sweeping technological developments of the past. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.    MACKENZIE

421f    Seminar: Prospects for Political Reform    An analysis of the major issues associated with proposals to improve the democratic character of the American political process, including reform of the presidential selection process, congressional districting procedures, and the means by which votes are cast and counted. Formerly offered as Government 497. Prerequisite: Senior standing as a government major. Four credit hours.    CORRADO

432s    Seminar: United States Foreign Policy    An advanced seminar dealing with major theoretical and policy issues in the study of American foreign policy since World War II. Topic in 2007: the debate between unilateral and multilateral approaches to U.S. national security policy, addressing both historical and contemporary controversies. Prerequisite: Government 131 and senior standing. Four credit hours.    RODMAN

[435]    Seminar: Memory and Politics     An exploration of domestic and international attempts to answer difficult questions about justice, collective memory, and democratic transition, particularly as they relate to whether and how a society should address a difficult past. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.    

450s    Seminar: Democratization in Latin America    The transition from authoritarianism and the challenges of democratization. Theoretical analysis is combined with an in-depth study of specific cases, with the opportunity to think comparatively across regions. Prerequisite: Senior standing in the major and one course on Latin America. Four credit hours.  I.    ARMONY

451f    Seminar: Political Violence     Examines a variety of theoretical perspectives on political violence, with particular emphasis on terrorism and on ethnic and religious violence. Introduces key concepts and analytical frameworks to make sense of these phenomena. During the second half, students present the preliminary results of their research into one specific case study of ongoing political violence. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.  I.    DENOEUX

454s    Seminar: Politics of Development: State, Society, and Markets    An inquiry into why some developing nations have managed to achieve industrialization and rising standards of living while others have not, with special attention to the relationship between state and society as one of the key factors in the development process. Cases include South Korea, Nigeria, Brazil, and India. Prerequisite: Government 151. Four credit hours.  I.    HATCH

[472]    Seminar: Modern Political Philosophy     A careful analysis of a single major writing or a single author's thought. Prerequisite: Government 171, 273, or 371. Four credit hours.    

483f, 484s    Honors Workshop    Individual and group meetings of seniors and faculty members participating in the government honors program. Prerequisite: Admission to the honors program. Four credit hours.    FACULTY

491f, 492s    Independent Study    A study of government through individual projects. Prerequisite: Government major and permission of the instructor. One to four credit hours.    FACULTY