| From Galileo to Einstein How has our understanding of the physical universe evolved over the ages? Intended for non-science majors. Physical theories of Galileo, Newton, and Einstein, including their revolutionary impact on our understanding of the universe. Concepts of motion, space, time, matter, and energy. Working knowledge of high school algebra required. Students may not receive credit for both Physics 111 and 141 or 143. Lecture only.
Four credit hours. N.
115s The Shadow of the Bomb More than 60 years ago, based on a radically new understanding of the laws of nature, nuclear weapons were constructed, tested, and used in war. Nuclear weapons and the accompanying technology have shaped the scientific and political worlds since. Discusses science in historical context. Provides background for understanding the physics of atoms and nuclei and the technology of nuclear weapons and nuclear power, including discussions of nuclear safety, nuclear waste, and nuclear proliferation. Working knowledge of algebra required, but no previous study of physics assumed. Four credit hours. N. CONOVER
141f Foundations of Mechanics A calculus-based survey of mechanics of solids, momentum, work and energy, gravitation, and waves. May not be taken for credit if the student has earned credit for Physics 143. Lecture, laboratory, and discussion.
Prerequisite: A working knowledge of high school or college calculus, or concurrent enrollment in Mathematics 121 or 161.
Four credit hours. N. MCCOY
143f Honors Physics Motion, forces, conservation laws, waves, gravity, Einstein's special relativity, and nuclear physics. For students who have had substantial physics and calculus courses in high school. May not be taken for credit if the student has earned credit for Physics 141. Lecture and laboratory. Four credit hours. N. BLUHM
145s Foundations of Electromagnetism and Optics A calculus-based survey of electrostatics, magnetism, Faraday's law, Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and optics. Lecture, laboratory, and discussion. Formerly listed as Physics 142.
Prerequisite: Physics 141 or 143.
Four credit hours. N. CAMPBELL
231f Introduction to Astrophysics Listed as Astronomy 231. Four credit hours. N. CAMPBELL
241f Modern Physics I Special relativity, Planck blackbody radiation, the basis of quantum mechanics, and the Schroedinger equation. Lecture and laboratory. Enrolled students must be available for a self-scheduled lab outside of class time for approximately three hours every second week.
Prerequisite: Physics 142 or 145 and Mathematics 122 or 162.
Four credit hours. CONOVER
242s Modern Physics II An intermediate treatment of the quantum physics, including the hydrogen atom, atomic models, Schroedinger theory, atomic spectra, and electron spin. Lecture and laboratory. Enrolled students must be available for a self-scheduled lab outside of class time for approximately three hours every second week.
Prerequisite: Physics 241. Four credit hours. BLUHM
254s Essential Electronics An introduction to modern scientific electronics, emphasizing laboratory work and including theory, problem solving, and circuit design. From simple, direct-current devices to digital integrated circuits, microcomputer instrumentation, and analog signal processing. Normally offered every other year.
Prerequisite: Physics 142 or 145.
Four credit hours. SATO
311s Classical Mechanics Newton's laws, oscillatory motion, noninertial reference systems, classical gravitation, motion of rigid bodies, and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics. Lecture and discussion. Prerequisite: Physics 142 or 145 and Mathematics 122 or 162.
Four credit hours. CONOVER
321f Electricity and Magnetism A theoretical treatment of electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum and material media through Maxwell's equations. Lecture and discussion. Prerequisite: Physics 142 or 145 and Mathematics 302.
Four credit hours. SATO
332s Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Concepts of temperature, energy, entropy, heat, and work and their thermodynamic relations as developed from a microscopic point of view. Single- and multi-component systems are discussed, using both classical and quantum statistics. Lecture and discussion. Normally offered every other year. Prerequisite: Mathematics 122 (or 162) and either Physics 242 (may be taken concurrently) or Chemistry 342 (may be taken concurrently).
Four credit hours. BLUHM
 Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Investigations of topics in condensed matter physics using modern experimental techniques and equipment. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: Physics 242. Physics 336 is recommended but not required.
Three credit hours.
 Experimental Atomic Physics Laboratory projects in modern atomic, molecular, and optical physics. Projects include diode laser spectroscopy, the Zeeman effect in mercury, and absorption spectroscopy of molecular iodine. Laboratory and tutorial.
Prerequisite: Physics 242.
Three credit hours.
 General Relativity and Cosmology An introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity, including a treatment of tensor analysis, Einstein's equations, Schwarzschild metric, black holes, expansion of the universe, and cosmology. Prerequisite: Physics 241. Four credit hours.
 Nuclear and Particle Physics Nuclear physics, including nuclear reactions and nuclear models; followed by elementary particle physics, including the quark model, leptons, and the strong and weak interactions.
Prerequisite: Physics 242. Four credit hours.
398s Physics of Fluids All living things, from the smallest cells to the largest communities, are soaking in or swimming through the fluid environment of liquids and gases that covers the planet. Our understanding of fluid motion helps us build better airplanes, debate climate change, and discover new design principles in biology. We will view this subject as an exciting, interdisciplinary opportunity to see the laws of physics in action. Emphasis will be on a core set of basic concepts and mathematical tools used to describe fluids and explore a range of applications drawn from biology, chemistry, geophysics, and engineering.
Four credit hours. MCCOY
401f, 402s Senior Physics and Astronomy Colloquium Discussion of topics of current interest in physics and/or astronomy. Required for all senior physics majors. One credit hour for the year.
415f, 416js Physics and Astronomy Research A guided research project on a topic in physics, astronomy, or a related area. Students may choose from a range of approaches, including literature searches, analytical and computational analyses, experimental data collection and analysis, and theoretical investigation. Some project components can be conducted off campus or as part of a team project. Physics 415 is required for all senior physics majors.
One or two credit hours. FACULTY
 Quantum Mechanics Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, including Schroedinger theory, operator algebra, angular momentum, and applications to simple atomic systems. Lecture and discussion. Prerequisite: Physics 242 and Mathematics 253. Four credit hours.
483f, 484s Independent Honors Project Research conducted under the guidance of a faculty member and focused on an approved topic leading to the writing of an honors thesis. Two to four credit hours. FACULTY
491f, 492s Independent Study Individual topics or research in areas where the student has demonstrated the interest and competence necessary for independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. One to five credit hours. FACULTY