Courses of Study
[GE111] Geology of National Parks U.S. national parks and monuments will provide the focus for an introduction to basic geologic processes, including plate tectonics, geologic time, weathering and erosion, volcanism, earthquakes, caverns, shorelines, and the rock cycle. After an introduction to the regional geology of the United States, the focus will shift to the parks and monuments within these regions. Students will become aware of aspects of physical and historical geology, regional geography, environmental issues, the aesthetics of nature, and the interactive processes that have shaped the country. A field trip to Acadia National Park is included. Lecture only. Three credit hours. N.
[GE121] Earth Systems Chemistry I Listed as Chemistry 121. Four credit hours. N, Lb.
[GE122] Earth Systems Chemistry II Listed as Chemistry 122. Four credit hours. N, Lb.
GE123s How to Build a Habitable Planet Examines fundamental chemical and physical Earth processes operating at timescales from minutes to billions of years; how these processes evolved over Earth's 4.56-billion-year history and changed Earth into an ideal environment for complex life; the methods scientists use to understand Earth processes and develop this deep-time record of global change; and how human activity is currently altering global processes and impacting Earth's habitability. High-school-level chemistry is recommended but not required to succeed in the course. Prerequisite: Credit cannot be earned for both this course and Geology 122, 125, 127, or 141. Four credit hours. N, Lb. Sullivan
GE125f From Stardust to Planets Explores the physical and chemical evolution of the Earth in the context of solar system formation. By studying the development of the terrestrial (rocky) planets, students will be introduced to fundamental concepts in geology. As students investigate geologic processes on other planetary bodies, they will develop a deeper understanding of our own planet's evolution and geology. We will focus on important questions, such as "How did Earth become a habitable planet?" and "How has humanity impacted the Earth's evolution?" High-school-level chemistry is recommended but not required to succeed in the course. Prerequisite: Credit cannot be earned for both this course and Geology 122, 123, 127 or 141. Four credit hours. N, Lb. Dunn
GE127f Pale Blue Dot: Earth Through Time Carl Sagan referred to Earth as a Pale Blue Dot containing the entire history of our species. Geologists understand that Earth also contains a history of its own. This course focuses on the evolution of Earth from its origin 4.56-billion years ago to today. It will include study of the chemical, biological, physical, and geologic processes that have shaped Earth since its inception. Concepts of deep time, the evolution of life on Earth, and the impacts of life on the atmosphere, oceans, and climate will be major components of the course. High-school chemistry and biology will be useful, but students will be able to succeed without them. Prerequisite: Credit cannot be earned for both this course and Geology 122, 123, 125, or 141. Four credit hours. N, Lb. Rueger
GE129s The Water Planet Examines processes controlling the flow of energy and mass between the atmosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and anthrosphere through the framework of our planetªs oceans. Geologic processes both rapid (earthquakes) and slow (sea-floor spreading) are linked with sustaining the planet. Lab and field work develop the skills needed to observe and model processes shaping our environment. Problem solving fosters critical thinking and classroom debates focus on research and communications skills via current issues like coastal development. Credit cannot be earned for both this course and Geology 122, 123, 125, 127 or 141. Four credit hours. N, Lb. Geiger-Ortiz
GE228s Earth Materials Highlights the properties, classification, and origin of rocks and minerals. Students will learn the basic principles of crystallography and mineral chemistry, and how igneous and metamorphic rocks are used to interpret Earths history. In the lab portion of the course, students will identify and classify minerals and rocks using both macroscopic and microscopic techniques. Through regularly scheduled reading assignments, students will learn how fundamental principles of mineralogy and petrology are applied to current research in Earth Science. Includes two required field trips extending into the athletic zone, and a required weekend field trip. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, 127, or 141. Four credit hours. N. Dunn
GE231f Earth Structure and Tectonics Applies fundamental concepts of stress and strain to understand the different styles of deformation at convergent, divergent, and transform plate boundaries; the physical and chemical mechanisms that control the strength of plate-bounding fault zones; how these deformation mechanisms change with increasing depth in Earth; and how to read the rock record of plate-tectonic deformation. Students also will develop fundamental field-observation skills, and practice written and graphical communication skills as they are applied in the Earth sciences. Three required field trips extend into the athletic zone. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, 127, 141, or 146. Four credit hours. N, W2. Sullivan
[GE242] Hydrogeology Examines the fundamental principles of hydrogeology and introduces geophysical techniques (surface and borehole) used to investigate flow through the subsurface. Designed to provide the tools necessary to understand and characterize groundwater systems. Topics include the hydraulic properties of rocks, aquifer storage and subsidence, flow potential, analysis of pumping tests conducted in water wells, and interpretation of geophysical field data. Includes lecture, homework from textbook, oral presentation, and analysis of a variety of geophysical logs. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, 127 or 141 and Mathematics 121, 122, or 161. Three credit hours.
GE254f Mountains to Sea: Introduction to Geomorphology An examination of the processes driving landscape change over time with field-based study in Maine. Students will measure sediment-transport processes, analyze and interpret satellite imagery using R-Studio, synthesize field measurements of stream flow and sediment size, and communicate their data and interpretations in writing, orally, and graphically. A mix of lectures, discussions, student presentations, lab exercises, and field study. Includes two required field trips extending into the athletic zone, and a required one-day weekend field trip. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, 127, or 141. Four credit hours. N. Geiger-Ortiz
[GE256] Sedimentation and Stratigraphy A module-based course in which students learn how to apply sedimentary rocks to interpreting Earth's stratigraphic record and develop a fundamental understanding of sediments and resulting rock types found in Earth's sedimentary successions. Modules include (1) the analysis of drill cores from coastal deposits in the Carboniferous of Alabama, (2) field and laboratory analysis of Silurian-Devonian carbonate sequences in New York State, and (3) an exercise in which the principles of sequence stratigraphy will be modeled. Students will learn to evaluate the sedimentary rock record over space and time using currently accepted approaches and models. Includes a required one-day weekend field trip. Previously listed as Geology 356. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122, or Geology 123, 125, 127, or 141. Four credit hours. W2.
[GE262] Earth's Climate: Past, Present, and Future Takes a systems approach to studying Earth's climate by linking the primary systems operating at Earth's surface, i.e., lithosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere. Explores the mechanisms that shape environmental evolution across a range of time scales, including the role of humans, and uses past (paleo) records of change to place modern climate change in geological context. Students will engage with material through problem sets, data analysis, interactive lectures, primary literature synthesis, and writing. Laboratory projects will provide hands-on opportunities to develop local records of past environmental change. Includes a required one-day weekend field trip. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, 127, or 141. Four credit hours. N.
[GE279] Geology of Bermuda Students will learn how the island of Bermuda, subjected to a variety of geologic processes, has evolved over the past two million years. They will be exposed to the scientific method and how geologists study the Earth, its materials, and its processes. During field and laboratory observations, students will investigate how organisms, including humans, and sedimentary processes have shaped Bermuda; how sediment is formed, moved, consolidated, and lithified; and the interrelationships between geology and biology. They will gain an appreciation of the complexities of living on an island and the anthropogenic impacts on a fragile ecosystem. Cost in 2018: $2,700. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122, or Geology 123, 125, 127 or 141. Three credit hours. N, Lb.
GE297Bj Climate Geoengineering: Evaluating Strategies to Sequester CO2 Listed as Environmental Studies 297B. Three credit hours. Emerson, Twining
[GE331] Plate Tectonics Primary-literature-synthesis course that guides students through the topic of plate tectonics from the development of the theory to some modern-day theories on crustal growth and plate-boundary processes. Students will be able to (1) piece together a broad-scale interpretation of the evolution of a plate boundary using data and interpretations gleaned from the primary scientific literature and (2) use basic thermochronologic, geophysical, geological, and geospatial data sets to interpret plate boundaries. Improving students' verbal and written communication skills while providing an experience in accessing, reading, and assimilating scientific literature. Prerequisite: Geology 231 or permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.
[GE332] Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology Teaches students to identify igneous and metamorphic rocks and to understand the physical and chemical processes responsible for their formation. Students learn how to use and evaluate a variety of data sets, and they develop skills using a petrographic microscope and the scanning electron microscope (SEM). They also develop interpersonal, critical-thinking, and communication skills that enable them to discuss petrologic processes in the broader geologic context of tectonic setting. Prerequisite: Geology 228. Four credit hours.
[GE335] Geologic Field Methods Students will learn how to conduct and manage multi-day geologic mapping projects; use field observations and data to interpret the geologic history of different environments in Maine; produce detailed geologic reports based on surface geology; and hone their written, graphical, and interpersonal communication skills. Includes two required three-day weekend field trips. Prerequisite: Geology 231 or permission of the instructor. Four credit hours. W2.
GE351s The Record of Life on Earth Examines the history of life on planet Earth. The course focuses on fossils and other records of the flora and fauna through time. Students will learn about different periods of time in Earths history and significant developments and characteristics of the planets evolution. These will include extinction events, perturbations, response to climate change, paleoecology, and paleoenvironmental reconstructions based on fossil assemblages in the rocks. The course will also study the uses of fossils in biostratigraphic interpretation of rocks where they occur. Prerequisite: Geology 225, 228, 231, 254, 262, or Biology 271 and Chemistry 122 or Geology 123, 125, or 127. Four credit hours. Rueger
[GE361] Topics in Geochemistry Covers fundamental topics in geochemistry, including principles of equilibrium thermodynamics, pH, alkalinity, weathering reactions, redox reactions, trace elements, and stable and radioactive isotopes. Through lecture, problem sets, and primary literature, students explore the theory and application of a range of geochemical approaches used to study Earth-system processes. Students develop critical thinking skills through the interpretation of primary datasets and literature, and they improve their written and oral presentation skills by communicating scientific findings. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122, or Geology 123, 125, or 141. Chemistry 142 and at least one of the following: Geology 225, 231, 254, 256, 262, Chemistry 217, or Environmental Studies 276. Four credit hours.
GE363f Paleoceanography This primary literature synthesis course examines past global change through the lens of the marine sedimentary record. Students explore the major physical and geochemical proxies used in paleoceanographic research and focus on understanding the major scientific questions addressed, methods and instrumentation used, and advantages and limitations of each proxy tool. Students also develop critical thinking skills through the interpretation of primary datasets and literature, and improve their written and oral presentation skills through communicating scientific findings. Prerequisite: Geology 262 or permission of the instructor. Four credit hours. Koffman
[GE381] Planetary Geology Explores the geological evolution of the planets, satellites, and materials that make up our solar system. Using Earth as an analog, students will study geological processes, such as volcanism, tectonism, and impact cratering, on other planetary bodies. They will learn how to utilize a variety of remote-sensing data sets to interpret the geologic history of planetary bodies. Students will also develop problem solving, critical thinking, and communication skills. Prerequisite: Geology 228 or permission of the instructor. Four credit hours.
GE391fs Geology Seminar Paper discussions and presentations from invited guest lecturers on topics of current interest in all areas of the geosciences. Majors must complete three seminars during their course of study. Nongraded. One credit hour. Geiger-Ortiz, Sullivan
[GE483] Senior Honors Project A culminating, research-intensive experience in which students engage in an original project with the expectation that results will be of significantly high caliber to warrant publication after review by committee. The final written report will be in a selected journal format, and project results will be presented formally in a professional context. Students should consult with major advisors during their junior year to learn about on-campus and off-campus opportunities and experiences that can be used in preparation for undertaking an honors program. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Three or four credit hours.
[GE483J] Senior Honors Project Noncredit.
GE491f, 492s Independent Study Independent research experience supervised by a faculty member. Research projects earning three or more credit hours over one or more semesters require a final written report and a formal presentation in a professional setting. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. One to four credit hours. Faculty
[GE494] Topics in Geoscience A capstone experience in which students explore a cutting-edge scientific topic in great depth. Students will hone skills introduced throughout the Geology majors, including assimilating, analyzing, and interpreting the scientific literature and communicating in writing, orally, and graphically. Students will also gain experience communicating specialized scientific topics to a general audience. May be repeated for credit. May include up to three required weekend field trips. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. Four credit hours. W3.