Courses of Study
GO111fs Introduction to American Government and Politics How does the American government work? An examination of the relationships among American values, politics, government institutions, and public policy. Focus on the methodologies of political science as tools for expanding understanding of political phenomena and behavior. Credit toward the major cannot be earned for both Government 111 and 115. Four credit hours. S. Jacobs, LeVan, Maisel, Shea
[GO115] Great Issues in Contemporary American Government Controversial issues such as environmental policy or tax policy divide the American public and decision makers on a recurring basis. An introduction to the institutions of American government through the lens of these issues. Students will explore the linkages between citizens and government, the effectiveness of the electoral process as a means of resolving policy debates, and the checks and balances inherent in our system as each issue is examined. They will learn how to write about issues in a variety of formats, e.g., newspaper articles, speeches, and research papers, and how to make effective oral presentations. Credit toward the major cannot be earned for both Government 111 and 115. Four credit hours. S, W1.
GO131fs Introduction to International Relations An introduction to the basic concepts and theories of international relations, focusing primarily on the core issues of war and peace as they have evolved in the international system, as well as the prospects for cooperation through international institutions to address issues such as human rights, nuclear proliferation, the world economy, and the global environment. Four credit hours. S. Babik, Hatch, Seay
[GO140A] Introduction to U.S. Law What are the fundamental concepts, principles, and procedures at the heart of the U.S. legal system? Topics include: the anthropological basis of law; courts and legislatures as sources of law; the structure and functioning of different courts; the adversarial principle; the common law method of legal reasoning; and an overview of criminal and civil law. Coursework will include mock trials and debates, and attendance at court. Four credit hours. S.
[GO140B] Writing and Thinking about Law Philosophy typically examines law in the abstract, offering theories of what law is, where it comes from, and what its content should or must be. Literature is more concrete, dramatizing those moments of crisis when the law becomes real for them—when a will is read, or a divorce finalized; when someone has been wronged and seeks compensation, or after a crime has been committed; when reformers seek to establish "the rule of law" or when an abusive government uses law to crack down on its critics. In this writing-intensive course, we will study literary treatments of the law, including Antigone, Crito, The Merchant of Venice, The Trial, and others, in parallel with philosophical theories about law. Four credit hours. L, W1.
GO149Af Utopia in Fiction: Happy Tomorrows or Hells on Earth? The 20th century, famously described by Eric Hobsbawm as the "Age of Extremes," spawned not just the most violent wars and revolutions in human history but also, in curious contrast, some of the most memorable novelistic visions of perfection. Are these visions meant to merely entertain us or teach us important lessons? Do their authors seek to inspire or warn us? What message do they convey about the possibility and desirability of progress? We will look for answers to these and related questions in novels such as Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, We by Yevgeny Zamyatin, Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and The Joke by Milan Kundera. Satisfies the Literature (L) and First-Year Writing (W1) requirements. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Government 149B and History 149; elect IS149. Four credit hours. L, W1. Babik
GO149Bf Political Theory of Utopia What does a perfect society look like? Would it be egalitarian or hierarchical? Democratic or ruled by an enlightened despot? Religious or secular? Communist or capitalist? Is it perhaps dangerous to dream of perfection for human societies? But then, can we have reform without a vision of perfection? Readings include Plato's Republic, Thomas More's Utopia, works by Karl Marx, including the Communist Manifesto, Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France, and others. Satisfies the Social Sciences (S) requirement. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Government 149A and History 149; elect IS149. Four credit hours. S. Reisert
GO171fs Introduction to Political Theory What are the nature and purpose of the modern state or of any political community? What is freedom? What is justice? How do such ideals relate to the design and functioning of political institutions? Political theory is the subfield within political science that addresses these and related normative and methodologically foundational questions. Introduction to classic works of political theory by Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, and Mill. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the primary texts and their ability to formulate original arguments in political theory by means of papers and exams; class sessions are conducted as a mixture of lecture and discussion. Four credit hours. S, I. Corrado, Reisert
GO210s Interest-Group Politics Examines the role and behavior of organized interest groups in American politics. Provides students with opportunities to develop their substantive knowledge of group behavior and their writing skills through the completion of an independent research paper. Four credit hours. Corrado
GO211f The American Presidency The organization, powers, and actions of the executive branch of the American government examined in historical and contemporary perspective. Students will use the tools and methodologies of political science to assess the modern presidency and its incumbents. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115, and sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. Jacobs
GO214f Parties and the Electoral Process What does the 2016 election mean for American elections in the years ahead? An exploration of the electoral process in the United States, emphasizing the historical development of American parties and elections, the legal and constitutional contexts in which they exist, the practical aspects of modern campaigns, and the democratic values inherent in our electoral system and those of other nations. Has the process been changed by the 2016 experience? Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115, and sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. Shea
[GO216] Political Rhetoric An introduction to the theory and practice of political rhetoric through the study of historically significant political speeches and the composition and delivery of original addresses, including intensive practice in persuasive writing and public speaking. Topics include the moral status of rhetoric and the identification and use of rhetorical figures and modes of persuasion. Works studied include the funeral oration of Pericles, speeches from Shakespeare such as Antony's subversive "Friends, Romans, countrymen," Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, and King's "I Have a Dream." For the culminating exercise, students will compose and deliver their own political speeches. Three credit hours.
[GO221] Capitalism and Its Critics Examines the interaction between politics and markets, both in theory and in practice, linking classic works in political economy with current policy debates. Emphasizes the ways in which markets are embedded in social and political institutions. Studies the formation of markets, current organization of capitalist systems, and their recent transformations in developed, transitioning, and developing economies, considering both historical and contemporary issues. Counts toward the comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. S.
GO223s America and the World How have Americans comprehended the world beyond their borders and their role in it? Can we detect any recurring ideas and presuppositions? If so, what are their origins, recent U.S. foreign policy manifestations, and implications? This course looks for answers in a broad historical perspective spanning America's colonial beginnings and today. It identifies several traditional "master" tropes, traces their genealogy in American societal culture, and reveals their presence in U.S. statecraft at key junctures such as the two World Wars, the Cold War, the fall of communism in Europe, and the "War on Terror." Most importantly, it discusses their consequences and critically reflects on their suitability to guide future American foreign relations. Four credit hours. H. Babik
[GO226] Media and Politics An assessment of the role of the media in American politics. Examines the media as an institution and how it is both influenced by and reflects our system of government. What functions, for example, do contemporary news outlets afford the democratic process? Is there a connection between the way news is transmitted and the way citizens interact with government? Throughout much of American history the press has been considered a watchdog and the "fourth branch" of government. The challenge will be to explore the nexus of the theoretical role assigned to the mass media and its present character. Four credit hours. S.
GO228f Introduction to Race, Ethnicity, and Politics Examines broadly the ways in which racial and ethnic minorities influence and are influenced by American politics and public policy. The course is organized in three parts. Part I will explore the theoretical and historical contexts of race in American politics. Part II will focus on race and political behavior, paying close attention to public opinion, participation, and representation. Part III will examine particular policy-related case studies: minority education, housing, employment, and criminal justice. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours. S, U. LeVan
[GO231] U.S. Foreign Policy: The Cold War An analysis of the major events facing the United States during the Cold War and the controversies surrounding them. Academic and policy debates over national security doctrines, the proper place of ideology in foreign policy, the role of economic factors, and domestic political institutions. Topics include the origin of the Cold War, nuclear weapons strategy, the Vietnam War, containment and detente, and the end of the Cold War. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours.
[GO236] International Law and Politics of Human Rights An introduction to the international laws and institutions established after the Second World War to promote, protect, and enforce human rights, and the political forces which either empower or constrain their influence. Areas of application include civil and political rights; economic, social, and cultural rights; the right to asylum; accountability for war crimes and genocide; humanitarian intervention; corporate social responsibility; and the tensions between counter-terrorism and human rights. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours. S.
[GO238] Politics of War Crime Tribunals Examines the politics of establishing tribunals to hold individuals criminally accountable for genocide and other atrocity crimes, from the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials after World War II through the International Criminal Court. Central questions involve the nature of post-conflict justice, the degree to which international legal bodies are insulated from or influenced by politics, and the impact of prosecution on transitions from war and dictatorship to peace and democracy. Academic and legal analysis combined with simulated court proceedings. Areas of application include South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the Milosevic trial, the Pinochet extradition hearing, and issues surrounding Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours. S.
[GO245] Memory and Politics Listed as Global Studies 245. Three credit hours. S, W2.
GO245Jj Memory and Politics Listed as Global Studies 245J. Three credit hours. S, W2. Yoder
GO247f Intelligence and US National Security Policymaking Overview of the role and effectiveness of intelligence in forming and executing U.S. national security policy. Surveys and assesses the organization and function of intelligence, examines the impact of intelligence on the policy community, and reviews real world examples. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 131. Four credit hours. Simon
GO251f Israelis and Palestinians: Conflict and Accommodation Examines the origins, evolution, and current state of the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Explores the forces that have sustained the dispute, the main reasons behind failed attempts at peacemaking, and the factors that account for the current stalemate. Focuses on key historical junctures, including the British mandate over Palestine, the creation of Israel and dispossession of the Palestinians, the "Oslo Process" and its collapse, the failed 2000 Camp David Summit and second intifada, as well as the new situation created by the events of the past decade. Attention also is paid to media coverage of, and U.S. policy toward, the conflict. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. S. Denoeux
GO252s Introduction to Politics of the Middle East Provides the analytical and historical background for making sense of politics in the Arab world today. Highlights the main drivers of politics in the region, with particular emphasis paid to the intersection of political and economic forces, domestic and regional or international factors, and Islam and politics. Explores the roots of authoritarianism in the region, the dynamics that sustain it, and key impediments to substantive (as opposed to cosmetic) democratization. Examines the combination of forces that produced both the Arab Spring of 2011 and the turmoil that followed it. Open to first-years. Fulfills the introductory comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. S. Denoeux
GO253f Introduction to Latin American Politics An overview of important political and economic phenomena in Latin America over the past century. How can Latin America escape its persistent problems with underdevelopment, poverty, and inequality, and what is the role of a democratic government in tackling these problems? Topics covered include state-directed development models, populism, democratic breakdown and democratization, free market economic models, and contemporary leftist alternatives. Open to first-years. Fulfills the introductory comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. Mayka
GO255f Introduction to African Politics An overview of political processes and institutions in sub-Saharan Africa. The development of institutions and norms of political behavior across the continent will be traced from precolonial times to the present, with particular focus on the development of modern states, challenges to the legitimacy of governing authorities, and factors affecting state stability. Students will learn to identify, define, and apply theoretical concepts to the empirical study of African politics. Open to first-years. Fulfills the introductory comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. S, I. Seay
GO256s Introduction to East Asian Politics Both a primer on the domestic politics and foreign policies of states/territories in East Asia (China, Taiwan, Japan, the two Koreas), and an exploration of specific cases of interstate conflict in the region, including competing memories of World War II and confrontation over North Korea's nuclear weapons. Surveys comparative politics in the region; then applies that knowledge to international relations in East Asia. Students acquire basic knowledge about nations in this region, and about the volatile mix of fears and aspirations there. They also learn how to think more deeply about politics, communicate more effectively, and collaborate more successfully. Fulfills the introductory comparative politics requirement. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. S. Hatch
[GO259] Introduction to European Politics Examines the post-1945 development of European political cultures and systems with special attention to varieties of parliamentarism, electoral systems, party systems, interest group representation, and welfare states. Explores how European societies view the role of the state in the economy, why many of them ceded some policymaking to the European Union, and how Europeans strike the balance between the exclusion and inclusion of different groups, between representative and participatory democracy, and between national and European interests. Open to first-years. Fulfills the introductory comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. S.
[GO260] 9/11: Origins, Event, Aftermath Actions undertaken by al-Qaeda against targets on U.S. soil on Sept. 12, 2001, shocked the American public and the world at large. Why did 9/11 happen in the first place? What prompted al-Qaeda to target the United States? How was the event portrayed, explained, and interpreted? Is it possible to come up with alternative representations, explanations, and interpretations? If yes, what are they, and why were they obscured at the time? Our purpose is to reflect on these questions and controversies in order to cultivate a critical perspective on the origins, nature, and consequences of 9/11. Previously offered as GO298 (Spring 2018). Four credit hours. S.
GO263s Global Crisis of Democracy and Democracy Assistance Explores the manifestations and roots of the current crisis of democratic politics and their implications for democracy assistance. Examines ongoing populist, illiberal, anti-democratic, and nativist challenges to democracy worldwide, and considers competing arguments regarding the value and feasibility of democracy aid in this new context. Reflects on the needed rethinking of democracy assistance to fit both a different global landscape and what development professionals have learned from three decades of experience with supporting democracy abroad. Taught from a practitioner's perspective. Four credit hours. S. Denoeux
GO264f Democracy and Human Rights in Latin America What have been the challenges associated with the establishment and consolidation of democracy that protects human rights in Latin America? This course examines democracies and authoritarian regimes in Latin America over the past 50 years, with a particular emphasis on the quality of democracy and protection of human rights in the current period. Topics discussed include the breakdown of democracy; democratization; social movements; citizenship; state violence; and the rights of marginalized groups, including the poor, racial and ethnic minorities, women, and LGBTQI individuals. Four credit hours. S, W2, I. Mayka
GO266f German Politics Exploration of contemporary German politics through a variety of texts and media, with attention to the impact of the past on Germany's political culture, political institutions, and its domestic and foreign policies. Students will analyze the 2017 Bundestag election campaign, voting results, and government formation process. Four credit hours. S. Yoder
[GO271] Classical Political Theory An introduction to the political thought of classical antiquity, including the works of Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero. Topics include the nature of justice, the merits of direct democracy and other institutional forms, and the attributes of the ideal leader. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the primary texts and their ability to formulate original arguments in political theory by means of papers and exams. Class sessions are conducted as a mixture of lecture and discussion. Prerequisite: Government 171 or Philosophy 211. Four credit hours.
GO273f American Political Thought A survey of fundamental principles of American political thought as presented in the writings of such authors as Hamilton, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Roosevelt. General themes include the notion of republican government, concepts of liberty and equality, and the role of property in democratic society. Designed to provide students with an opportunity to develop critical-thinking and writing skills. Four credit hours. Corrado
[GO274] Intellectual Roots of Modern Conservatism Diverse intellectual sources of the contemporary conservative movement in America, Edmund Burke to present. What does it mean to be a conservative? How (if at all) do conservative conceptions of man and society differ from liberal or "radical" visions? What (if any) is the relationship between conservative ideas and religion? How do multiple strands of conservative thought relate to one another? Readings from Burke, Thomas Carlyle, Benjamin Disraeli, Herbert Spencer, Michael Oakeshott, Friedrich Hayek, Russell Kirk, others. Assignments include short analyses of readings, in-class presentations, two longer analytical papers, and an exam (or a long research paper). Prerequisite: Government 171. Four credit hours.
GO278f US Security Policy in the Middle East Explores US security policy in the Middle East over the last century and in the present. Introduces students to the way the US has defined strategic interest. Investigates the overlap of security policy and broader diplomatic, economic and cultural dimensions of the US relationship with the countries of the region. Taught by a Professor of the Practice of International Relations who served as the United States National Security Council senior director for the Middle East and North Africa. Prerequisite: Government 131 or 252. Four credit hours. Simon
GO281fs Concepts and Methods of Political Science Research An introduction to a variety of approaches to the study of political phenomena, intended to prepare students to craft and complete more sophisticated research projects in political science. After discussion of the nature and aims of scientific inquiry and the general features of effective research design, focus is on two broad methodological perspectives: explanation and interpretation. Topics include hypothesis testing and statistical analysis, the problem of historical truth, symbolic representation, and discourse analysis. Students will complete a number of different types of assignments and will apply course ideas to develop their own original research design. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. Q. Jacobs, LeVan, Mayka, Shea
GO297j Writers against the State: Reading the Political Novel in Prague Reveals the role of literature as a form of political protest in a city with a rich tradition of writers against the state: Prague, Czech Republic. Students will read, discuss, and write about major Czech literary artists such as Milan Kundera and Vaclav Havel, the dissident playwright who led the 1989 Velvet Revolution against communism. Classes will be combined with excursions to local sites relevant to the course material, such as the Vaclav Havel Library, CafǓ Slavia, and Pankrac Prison. Global Innovation course. Three credit hours. L, U. Babik
GO297Aj Data for the People?: Government Data in the Age of Open There are many different reactions to the 2010s trend of open government data: Some view it as a key driver of innovation, others as a check on government, and still others as a potential threat for overreach or control. In this class, students will learn about the history and current state of the open government data movement, and the different social, political and technical questions involved in its adoption. Students will also practice basic skills for open government data, including scraping and cleaning data as well as basic data visualization/data storytelling. Does not count towards the Government major. Three credit hours. Paige
GO312s Suburban Politics An examination of the political, social, economic, and cultural evolution of American suburbs. Pays close attention to the post-World War II era, looking at historical patterns of suburban development, exclusionary housing policies, racial/ethnic, class, and gender conflicts, demographic shifts, and contemporary theories of suburban politics and governance. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Four credit hours. U. LeVan
[GO313] National Powers in American Constitutional Law An examination of constitutional debates that have defined the structure and powers of the modern national government. Topics include constitutional interpretation; the operation and desirability (or not) of judicial review; the scope of the states' police powers in relation to congressional power; the conflict between economic rights and the modern regulatory state; and powers of the president, especially in times of terrorism, emergency, and war. Readings include U.S. Supreme Court decisions and related documents as well as secondary works in political science and law. Assignments include case briefs, class participation, papers, simulations (e.g., moot courts), and exams. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Four credit hours.
GO314s Civil Liberties in American Constitutional Law An examination of legal, moral, and philosophical controversies involving rights and liberties arising under the Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment. Topics include the nature of rights and theories of constitutional interpretation; the right to the free exercise of religion and the establishment clause; freedom of expression; the "right of privacy" and protections for contraception, abortion, and homosexuality; and affirmative action and the status of women and minorities under the law. Readings include U.S. Supreme Court cases and related works of moral and political philosophy. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Four credit hours. U. Reisert
GO315s Minority Representation Inequalities persist throughout everyday life and remain apparent within American political institutions. We will examine how these inequalities manifest in American political institutions and why they matter. Part I will explore the multifaceted nature of representation. Part II will explore the conditions that affect minority representation, specifically: population size, public opinion/support, interest group support, and group access to resources. Part III will focus on the future of representation, paying close attention to changing demographics. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours. S, U. LeVan
[GO318] Money and Politics The role of money in the political process and the policy debates on various campaign finance reform alternatives. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Four credit hours.
GO328s Constitutional Choice and its Consequences: American Political Development Course about change and continuity in American politics. Topics include the development of various political institutions in the United States (presidency, Congress, state and local government), but also the creation of the welfare state, the administrative state, the carceral state, and other mediating institutions such as the press and public schools. Key themes include the role of the State in shaping citizens, the success and failure of various reform movements, and the role of cultural prejudices in Americas exceptional development. Prerequisite: Government 111. Four credit hours. S. Jacobs
[GO332] International Organization The structure, politics, and current operation of international organizations within the nation-state system. Topics include conflict resolution, nonproliferation, human rights, and international economic cooperation. Prerequisite: Government 131 and sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours.
GO336f Politics of Development in Africa Explores the politics and practice of economic development and humanitarian aid in sub-Saharan Africa. Using readings, lectures, class discussions, and an independent student research project, examines the major theories of development in comparative politics; compares international, top-down models to localized, bottom-up approaches toward development in Africa; raises possibilities of partnership-based models; and critiques the history of colonial and postcolonial development and humanitarian aid in Africa. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours. I. Seay
GO338j Field Study in African Development Students will spend approximately three weeks of this global innovation course in Uganda comparing international, local, and diaspora-driven approaches to economic and social development. Through discussions with local, international, and development practitioners, observation of development projects, a rural home stay, and meetings with local and international policymakers, students will learn to identify, compare, and contrast varying theoretical and practical approaches to development in Africa, assess the effectiveness of international, diaspora-driven, and local approaches to development and its promotion in Uganda. Cost is $3,750. Three credit hours. Seay
[GO344] Post-Communist Transformations Examines the rise and fall of communism in Russia and Eastern Europe, then explores patterns of post-communist political reforms and outcomes. Focuses on the Putin presidency, its impacts on Russian politics and society, and the consequences for stability in the region. Prerequisite: At least one government course. Four credit hours.
[GO354] The European Union How should we understand the European Union? Is it a regional trade bloc, an international organization, or even a state—and, if so, what kind? Is it, as some have suggested, a superpower on par with the United States? If it is as significant as many attest, what are the implications for the primacy of nation-states and national sovereignty? A detailed and critical understanding of what the EU is and how it works. Through a variety of assignments, students analyze the design, construction, and operation of the new institutions of governance in Europe. Prerequisite: Government 131 or 259. Four credit hours.
GO355f Winners and Losers in Chinese Politics An exploration of contemporary Chinese politics, especially the political and social fallout from post-Mao economic reforms. Students will learn how to write an analytical paper using social science methods. Counts toward the comparative politics requirement. Four credit hours. S, W2, I. Hatch
[GO356] Winners and Losers in Japanese Politics An exploration of Japanese politics, with a focus on the evolving struggle between traditional insiders (such as government bureaucrats and corporate executives) and traditional outsiders (such as labor unions and housewives). Four credit hours. I.
GO357s Political Economy of Regionalism Comparative analysis of economic and political integration in three regions: Europe (the EU), North America (NAFTA), and Asia. Why do states agree to give up some sovereignty by cooperating on regional projects? Why do these projects vary so much from region to region? Global lab. Four credit hours. Hatch
GO358f Comparative Arab Politics Builds on knowledge acquired in Government 252 to provide an in-depth understanding of the political dynamics of selected Arab countries. Highlights both similarities and differences in political processes across countries, evaluates the political changes taking place in each of them, and delves into the nature of the specific challenges they confront. Prerequisite: Government 252 Four credit hours. Denoeux
[GO359] Political Ideologies and Revolutionary Movements in Europe An exploration of major ideological currents and movements in modern Europe. Focuses on various forms of radicalism on the right and left of the political spectrum against the background of important political developments in Europe in the last century, such as the Bolshevik Revolution, the rise of fascism and Nazism, the emergence of domestic terrorism, the explosion of nationalisms and fundamentalisms, and the collapse of Soviet-style communism. Prerequisite: Government 131, 171, or 259. Four credit hours.
[GO361] Dissident Approaches to International Political Thought Presents the achievements of Realism as the traditional perspective on international relations while simultaneously cultivating a critical awareness of its limits and biases. Pursues this dual objective by first surveying the thought of key 20th-century Realist scholars and subsequently turning to a number of alternative approaches that have come to challenge the Realist paradigm since the early 1980s under the rubric of critical international theory. Examples include the Frankfurt School, feminism, and postmodern deconstruction. Prerequisite: Government 131. Four credit hours. S, W2, I.
[GO362] Advanced International Relations at Salzburg Global Seminar A unique opportunity to study key international relations theories, both mainstream and non-traditional, at Salzburg Global Seminar, a non-profit organization founded in Austria after WWII to challenge current and future leaders to shape a better world. Intensive coursework will be combined with field trips to local historic sites such as EagleŚs Nest, Hitlerũs mountain retreat. Three credit hours. S, I.
GO397j Law and Lawlessness in the United States About the law and its limits in contemporary American politics. Topics include impeachment of public officials, the delegation of governing authority, the legal violation of citizen rights, and government policies that delegitimize political opposition. Students will gain practical experience in casework and legal theory by applying their understanding of lawlessness to timely and relevant cases. By the end of this course, students will have a deeper appreciation of the laws social foundations, including the conditions under which the law improves or intensifies pre-existing social, political, and economic inequities. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Three credit hours. S, U. Jacobs
GO414f Seminar: Ethics in Politics A discussion of critical ethical issues faced by American and other national leaders. Case studies of 20th-century decisions, including those involved with violence (e.g., Truman's decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki), deception in government (e.g., Oliver North's decision to lie to Congress about Iran-Contra), disobedience of those in authority (e.g., Daniel Ellsberg's release of the Pentagon Papers), policies regarding life and death (e.g., abortion and euthanasia laws), and others. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115 and senior standing as a government major. Four credit hours. Maisel
[GO417] Seminar: Reinventing America: A Constitution for the 21st Century The American Constitution was written in 1787 and has changed little since then. This seminar will examine the strengths and weaknesses of that document in the contemporary context. What no longer fits the needs of the United States in the 21st century? What is worth preserving? Participants will review the creation of the current Constitution, participate in a detailed analysis of the contemporary operation of the institutions and processes it created, identify areas in need of reform, and offer and justify specific reform proposals. Prerequisite: Government 111 or 115. Four credit hours.
GO421f Seminar: Prospects for Political Reform Examines proposals for improving the electoral process and democratic accountability in the United States. Topics to be explored include recent controversies associated with developments in election law, voting rights and methods of voting, and campaign finance. Participants will examine recent proposals for democratic political reform, as well as innovations adopted in the states and other countries, to address the central question of how best to improve the quality of American democracy. Prerequisite: Senior standing. Four credit hours. Corrado
GO423s Seminar: National Security Decisionmaking Affords students the opportunity to experience the process of national security policy-making through role-play and intensive interaction mediated by faculty and visitors with extensive White House experience and direct involvement in significant strategic decisions. The course will consist of two parts: The first introduces participants to the national security decision-making process; the second part will consist of two-week modules that focus on events or challenges that necessitate National Security Council meetings in the "real world." These issues will range from acute crises to chronic problems that might develop into a crisis in some plausible future. Prerequisite: Senior standing as a government major.:wq Four credit hours. Simon
[GO432] Seminar: U.S. Foreign Policy Examines debates surrounding U.S. foreign policy and multilateral institutions with a principal focus on national security issues in the post-Cold War world. Central questions focus on when the United States should define its security in terms of acting within or strengthening international laws and institutions or whether it should maintain its freedom to engage in unilateral actions in a dangerous world. Areas of application include the use of force, counterterrorism, nuclear nonproliferation, and arms control. Prerequisite: Government 131 and senior standing. Four credit hours.
GO451f Seminar: Political Violence Explores a variety of theoretical perspectives on, and case studies of, political violence, with particular emphasis on terrorism (both secular and religious) and ethnic conflict. Examines drivers of radicalization and violent extremism, the factors that lead to the rise, decline, and/or demise of terrorist organizations, and the nexus between transnational organized crime and international terrorism. Introduces key concepts and analytical frameworks and provides students with an opportunity to apply them to a case study of their choice. Students present the preliminary results of their research projects to the class. Prerequisite: Senior standing as a government major. Four credit hours. Denoeux
[GO454] Seminar: Politics of Development: State, Society, and Markets An inquiry into why some developing nations have managed to achieve industrialization and rising standards of living while others have not, with special attention to the relationship between state and society as one of the key factors in the development process. Cases include South Korea, Nigeria, Brazil, and India. Prerequisite: Senior standing as a government or global studies major. Four credit hours. I.
GO455s Seminar: Conflict and Crisis in Africa Focuses on political violence in Africa from the precolonial period to the present day. Students will be able to identify, compare, and contrast major theories of conflict and conflict resolution as they apply in sub-Saharan Africa. Students will also be able to describe the history of political violence in Africa, including precolonial conflicts, conflict related to colonization, wars of liberation, and post-colonization civil and intrastate wars. Prerequisite: Government 251, 252, 253, 255, 256, or 259. Four credit hours. I. Seay
[GO456] Seminar: Civil Society and Social Change in Latin America What are civil society organizations and what is their place in politics? This research seminar examines the evolution of civil society in contemporary Latin American democracies and their roles in effecting social and political change. Over the past 30 years, civil society organizations in Latin America have become vehicles for poor and otherwise marginalized communities to access the political system. Topics include the collective action problem, the role of civil society organizations in interest representation and service provision, relationships with political parties and international donors, and participatory governance. Prerequisite: 200-level government course or a Latin American studies course. Four credit hours. S, I.
GO457s Seminar: Germany and Europe Investigates to what extent Germany has become the 'indispensable power' in Europe, focusing on key events in the postwar period, most recently the Eurozone crisis, the Ukraine crisis, and the migration crisis. Though focused on German foreign and security policy, necessarily examines the European integration process and the politics of the Transatlantic Alliance. Prerequisite: Government 131, 259, 266, 354, or 359. Four credit hours. S. Yoder
GO483fj Honors Workshop Individual and group meetings of seniors and faculty members participating in the government honors program. Prerequisite: Admission to the honors program. Four credit hours. Faculty
GO483Jj Honors Workshop Noncredit. Yoder
GO491f, 492s Independent Study A study of government through individual projects. Prerequisite: Government major and permission of the instructor. One to four credit hours. Faculty