difluorocarbene singlet, CF2

 F3 \ C1 - F2
Tell me about the atomic charges, dipole moment, bond lengths, angles, bond orders,
molecular orbital energies, or total energy.
Tell me about the best Lewis structure.

Atomic Charges and Dipole Moment

C1 charge=-0.119
F2 charge= 0.059
F3 charge= 0.059
with a dipole moment of 0.59542 Debye

Bond Lengths:

between C1 and F2: distance=1.334 ang___ between C1 and F3: distance=1.334 ang___

Bond Angles:

for F3-C1-F2: angle=103.9 deg___

Bond Orders (Mulliken):

between C1 and F2: order=0.837___ between C1 and F3: order=0.837___

Best Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure that is closest to your structure is determined. The hybridization of the atoms in this idealized Lewis structure is given in the table below. Please note that your structure can't be well described by a single Lewis structure, because of extensive delocalization.

Hybridization in the Best Lewis Structure

1. A bonding orbital for C1-F2 with 1.9955 electrons
__has 23.19% C 1 character in a s0.60 p3 hybrid
__has 76.81% F 2 character in a sp2.82 hybrid

2. A bonding orbital for C1-F3 with 1.9955 electrons
__has 23.19% C 1 character in a s0.60 p3 hybrid
__has 76.81% F 3 character in a sp2.82 hybrid

6. A lone pair orbital for C1 with 1.9982 electrons

7. A lone pair orbital for C1 with 0.2107 electrons
__made from a p-pi orbital ( 98.91% p 1.09% d)

8. A lone pair orbital for F2 with 1.9944 electrons

9. A lone pair orbital for F2 with 1.9739 electrons

10. A lone pair orbital for F2 with 1.8931 electrons
__made from a p-pi orbital ( 99.95% p)

11. A lone pair orbital for F3 with 1.9944 electrons

12. A lone pair orbital for F3 with 1.9738 electrons

13. A lone pair orbital for F3 with 1.8931 electrons
__made from a p-pi orbital ( 99.95% p)

-With core pairs on: C 1 F 2 F 3 -

Donor Acceptor Interactions in the Best Lewis Structure

The localized orbitals in your best Lewis structure can interact strongly. A filled bonding or lone pair orbital can act as a donor and an empty or filled bonding, antibonding, or lone pair orbital can act as an acceptor. These interactions can strengthen and weaken bonds. For example, a lone pair donor->antibonding acceptor orbital interaction will weaken the bond associated with the antibonding orbital. Conversly, an interaction with a bonding pair as the acceptor will strengthen the bond. Strong electron delocalization in your best Lewis structure will also show up as donor-acceptor interactions.
Interactions greater than 20 kJ/mol for bonding and lone pair orbitals are listed below.

The interaction of the second lone pair donor orbital, 9, for F2 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 72, for C1-F3 is 60.8 kJ/mol.

The interaction of the third lone pair donor orbital, 10, for F2 with the second lone pair acceptor orbital, 7, for C1 is 258. kJ/mol.

The interaction of the second lone pair donor orbital, 12, for F3 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 71, for C1-F2 is 60.8 kJ/mol.

The interaction of the third lone pair donor orbital, 13, for F3 with the second lone pair acceptor orbital, 7, for C1 is 258. kJ/mol.

Molecular Orbital Energies

The orbital energies are given in eV, where 1 eV=96.49 kJ/mol. Orbitals with very low energy are core 1s orbitals. More antibonding orbitals than you might expect are sometimes listed, because d orbitals are always included for heavy atoms and p orbitals are included for H atoms. Up spins are shown with a ^ and down spins are shown as v.

16 ----- 4.106

15 ----- 2.178

14 ----- 1.614

13 ----- -4.182

12 -^-v- -7.484

11 -^-v- -10.97

10 -^-v- -11.85

9 -^-v- -13.32

8 -^-v- -13.76

7 -^-v- -15.04

6 -^-v- -17.64

5 -^-v- -31.41

4 -^-v- -33.34

3 -^-v- -272.0

2 -^-v- -658.0 1 -^-v- -658.0

Total Electronic Energy

The total electronic energy is a very large number, so by convention the units are given in atomic units, that is Hartrees (H). One Hartree is 2625.5 kJ/mol. The energy reference is for totally dissociated atoms. In other words, the reference state is a gas consisting of nuclei and electrons all at infinite distance from each other. The electronic energy includes all electric interactions and the kinetic energy of the electrons. This energy does not include translation, rotation, or vibration of the the molecule.

Total electronic energy = -237.7966390624 Hartrees