## H3Cl2+

 H3 | CL1 - H2 | H4
The ion charge is 2.

## Atomic Charges and Dipole Moment

CL1 charge= 0.702
H2 charge= 0.432
H3 charge= 0.431
H4 charge= 0.432
with a dipole moment of 2.85534 Debye

## Bond Lengths:

between CL1 and H2: distance=1.404 ang___ between CL1 and H3: distance=1.404 ang___
between CL1 and H4: distance=1.404 ang___

## Bond Angles:

for H3-CL1-H2: angle=99.10 deg___ for H4-CL1-H2: angle=99.12 deg___

## Bond Orders (Mulliken):

between CL1 and H2: order=0.725___ between CL1 and H3: order=0.724___
between CL1 and H4: order=0.724___

## Best Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure that is closest to your structure is determined. The hybridization of the atoms in this idealized Lewis structure is given in the table below.

### Hybridization in the Best Lewis Structure

1. A bonding orbital for Cl1-H2 with 1.9978 electrons
__has 76.56% Cl 1 character in a s0.54 p3 hybrid
__has 23.44% H 2 character in a s orbital

2. A bonding orbital for Cl1-H3 with 1.9978 electrons
__has 76.57% Cl 1 character in a s0.54 p3 hybrid
__has 23.43% H 3 character in a s orbital

3. A bonding orbital for Cl1-H4 with 1.9978 electrons
__has 76.57% Cl 1 character in a s0.54 p3 hybrid
__has 23.43% H 4 character in a s orbital

9. A lone pair orbital for Cl1 with 1.9994 electrons
__made from a sp0.82 hybrid

-With core pairs on:Cl 1 Cl 1 Cl 1 Cl 1 Cl 1 -

#### Donor Acceptor Interactions in the Best Lewis Structure

The localized orbitals in your best Lewis structure can interact strongly. A filled bonding or lone pair orbital can act as a donor and an empty or filled bonding, antibonding, or lone pair orbital can act as an acceptor. These interactions can strengthen and weaken bonds. For example, a lone pair donor->antibonding acceptor orbital interaction will weaken the bond associated with the antibonding orbital. Conversly, an interaction with a bonding pair as the acceptor will strengthen the bond. Strong electron delocalization in your best Lewis structure will also show up as donor-acceptor interactions.
Interactions greater than 20 kJ/mol for bonding and lone pair orbitals are listed below.

## Molecular Orbital Energies

The orbital energies are given in eV, where 1 eV=96.49 kJ/mol. Orbitals with very low energy are core 1s orbitals. More antibonding orbitals than you might expect are sometimes listed, because d orbitals are always included for heavy atoms and p orbitals are included for H atoms. Up spins are shown with a ^ and down spins are shown as v.

13 ----- -7.529

12 ----- -16.77

11 ----- -17.37 10 ----- -17.37

9 -^-v- -27.69

8 -^-v- -30.20 7 -^-v- -30.20

6 -^-v- -40.77

5 -^-v- -210.6

4 -^-v- -210.9 3 -^-v- -210.9

2 -^-v- -269.1

1 -^-v- -2750.

## Total Electronic Energy

The total electronic energy is a very large number, so by convention the units are given in atomic units, that is Hartrees (H). One Hartree is 2625.5 kJ/mol. The energy reference is for totally dissociated atoms. In other words, the reference state is a gas consisting of nuclei and electrons all at infinite distance from each other. The electronic energy includes all electric interactions and the kinetic energy of the electrons. This energy does not include translation, rotation, or vibration of the the molecule.

Total electronic energy = -460.9718661335 Hartrees