SiO singlet state

Si1 = O2
Tell me about the atomic charges, dipole moment, bond lengths, angles, bond orders,
molecular orbital energies, or total energy.
Tell me about the best Lewis structure.

Atomic Charges and Dipole Moment

SI1 charge= 0.513
O2 charge=-0.513
with a dipole moment of 3.00872 Debye

Bond Lengths:

between SI1 and O2: distance=1.543 ang___

Bond Orders (Mulliken):

between SI1 and O2: order=1.761___

Top of page.

Best Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure that is closest to your structure is determined. The hybridization of the atoms in this idealized Lewis structure is given in the table below.

Hybridization in the Best Lewis Structure

1. A bonding orbital for Si1-O2 with 2.0000 electrons
__has 14.04% Si 1 character in a s0.75 p3 d0.05 hybrid
__has 85.96% O 2 character in a sp1.52 hybrid

2. A bonding orbital for Si1-O2 with 2.0000 electrons
__has 10.66% Si 1 character in a p-pi orbital ( 94.00% p 6.00% d)
__has 89.34% O 2 character in a p-pi orbital ( 99.89% p 0.11% d)

3. A bonding orbital for Si1-O2 with 2.0000 electrons
__has 10.66% Si 1 character in a p-pi orbital ( 94.00% p 6.00% d)
__has 89.34% O 2 character in a p-pi orbital ( 99.89% p 0.11% d)

10. A lone pair orbital for Si1 with 1.9994 electrons
__made from a sp0.18 hybrid

11. A lone pair orbital for O2 with 1.9939 electrons
__made from a sp0.64 hybrid

-With core pairs on:Si 1 Si 1 Si 1 Si 1 Si 1 O 2 -

Top of page.

Molecular Orbital Energies

The orbital energies are given in eV, where 1 eV=96.49 kJ/mol. Orbitals with very low energy are core 1s orbitals. More antibonding orbitals than you might expect are sometimes listed, because d orbitals are always included for heavy atoms and p orbitals are included for H atoms. Up spins are shown with a ^ and down spins are shown as v.

15 ----- 3.720

14 ----- 0.120


13 ----- -2.987 12 ----- -2.987


11 -^-v- -7.553

10 -^-v- -8.150 9 -^-v- -8.151


8 -^-v- -10.81


7 -^-v- -23.16


6 -^-v- -95.19

5 -^-v- -95.53 4 -^-v- -95.53


3 -^-v- -137.7


2 -^-v- -506.2


1 -^-v- -1773.

Top of page.

Total Electronic Energy

The total electronic energy is a very large number, so by convention the units are given in atomic units, that is Hartrees (H). One Hartree is 2625.5 kJ/mol. The energy reference is for totally dissociated atoms. In other words, the reference state is a gas consisting of nuclei and electrons all at infinite distance from each other. The electronic energy includes all electric interactions and the kinetic energy of the electrons. This energy does not include translation, rotation, or vibration of the the molecule.

Total electronic energy = -364.7828787526 Hartrees

Top of page.

-> Return to Molecular Structure Page. -> Return to Chemistry Home Page