Women are the most affected by conflict yet are often not included in efforts to end the conflict or rebuild the peace. In recognition of this, On October 31st 2000, the UN Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. The resolution reaffirms the important role of women in the resolution of conflicts, peace-building, peacekeeping, and in post-conflict reconstruction and stresses the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security. It also calls on all parties to conflict to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse.
The resolution has operational implications for United Nations peacekeeping missions. This talk will compare the degree to which the United Nations, prior to and after the adoption of SC 1325, has met its obligation to ensure women fully contribute to the state building process and has protected women from gender-based violence in three different contexts: Cambodia, East Timor and Afghanistan
Michelle Brandt is a human rights lawyer who currently works for the Asia Foundation, who recently returned from Afghanistan, where she worked as a consultant on constitutional and gender issues. She also worked as a policy analyst on human rights issues for the UN Transitional Authority in East Timor and has worked with several nongovernmental organizations in Cambodia. With Chanthol Oung, she is one of the co-founders of the Cambodian Women's Crisis Center.