Aug. 11, 2018, in Norwood, Mass., at 98. During World War II, she worked as a service representative for New England Telephone, resigning in 1951 to become a mother. She began substitute teaching a few years later and in 1969 started full-time teaching at Norfolk County Agricultural High School. She described volunteerism—in her community and her church—as a way of life. Three children and extended family survive her.