GHRAS SRCH   V

THE MARINE CORPS HISTORICAL CENTER

Department of the Navy
9th and M Streets, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20374
Phone: (202) 433-3396 (Personal Papers Collection)
(202) 433-3439 (Archives Section)

Introduction

The Marine Corps Historical Center serves as an archives and museum for the U.S. Marine Corps. It holds biographical files on a number of officer and enlisted Marines who made significant contributions to scientific expeditions, including those pertaining to atmospheric sciences. Specifically, the Reference Section of the Historical Center maintains biographical folders on such prominent Marines as Major General William P. T. Hill, Colonel Chester L. Fordney, Major Vernon D. Boyd, Major Alton N. Parker, and Master Technical Sergeant Victor H. Czegaka. The three latter individuals played prominent roles in the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions of the late 1920s. Cf. Guide to the Marine Corps Historical Center (1979); Charles A. Wood, compl., Marine Corps Personal Papers Collection Catalog (1974, rev. 1980); Michael O'Quinlivan and Jack B. Hilliard, An Annotated Bibliography of the United States Marine Corps in the Second World War (1970).

Reference Section

Biographical Files

BOYD, MAJOR VERNON D.
Participant in the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions of the late 1920s.

CZEGAKA, MASTER TECHNICAL SERGEANT VICTOR H.
Participant in the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions of the late 1920s.

FORDNOY, COLONEL CHESTER L.
This file documents Col. Fordnoy's activities with the acclaimed Naval Balloonist Commander T.G.W. Settle in gathering cosmic ray data and in setting a (then) world's altitude record in a stratospheric balloon in 1933.

HILL, MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM P.T.
See entry under Personal Papers.

PARKER, MAJOR ALTON N.
Participant in the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions of the late 1920s.

Geographical Files
ANTARCTICA AND ARCTIC FILES include information on Marines who participated in scientific expeditions to these areas in 1946 and 1960.

Subject Files
COLD-WEATHER TRAINING FILE includes substantial information on such diverse topics as "Training in Arctic Warfare," "Cold Weather Combat Clothing," and "Cold Weather Training Takes Priority."
DESERT TRAINING FILE.
JUNGLE TRAINING FILE.

Personal Papers Collection

HILL, MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM P.T.
Collection not surveyed, but should include materials relevant to General Hill's scientific achievements during his Marine Corps career. He was assigned in 1920 as a geologist with the Naval Alaskan Coal Commission, which surveyed coal fields in Alaska which could fuel the Pacific Fleet. While serving in China, he participated in the Roy Chapman Andrews Asiatic Expedition, which explored the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. The biographical file on General Hill maintained by the Reference Section includes historical materials on his participation in these expeditions.

SMITH, GENERAL OLIVER P.
"Aide-Memoire" includes a detailed report on Marine Corps operations in the sub-zero cold of Korea. This report describes the role played by weather in the actual activities of the Marine Corps. It is an after action report submitted by the 1st Marine Division for the Chosin Reservoir campaign of November-December 1950.

Archives
This record inventory comprises approximately 5,000 cubic feet, consisting chiefly of combat operational reports, plans, command diaries and chronologies, after-action reports, and related records dating from the post-1940 period. Most earlier Marine Corps records are held by the National Archives.


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