PI #109, compiled
by Edward E. Hill (Washington: 1958).
14. MAPS CONCERNING RAINFALL. n.d. 2 items.
Glossy prints of maps of the United States
showing average annual precipitation and average precipitation
between April 1 and September 30. Unarranged.
Contains precipitation maps.
PI #154, compiled
by Richard S. Maxwell and Evans Walker (Washington: 1963).
1. CENTRAL CLASSIFIED FILES ("9"
CLASSIFICATION). 1907-51. 608 ft. Letters received, copes of
letters sent, memoranda, reports, circulars, newspaper clippings,
press releases, printed and processed publications, minutes of
meetings, transcripts of hearings, resolutions, petitions, speeches,
copies of congressional bills, blueprints, maps, charts, and other
records relating to Territorial administration. Appendix I contains
the following entries:
Alaska: Climatic Conditions, 1936-48.
Guam: Climate and Weather, 1949-50.
Hawaii: Annual Reports, Weather Bureau, 1938-40; Pacific Scientific Institution, 1908; Climate and Weather, 1944-51.
Philippine Islands: Weather, Climate, 1940.
Puerto Rico: Puerto Rico Hurricane Relief Loan Section, 1935-50; Employees; Climate and Weather, 1934-50.
Virgin Islands: Climatic Conditions, 1931-36.
United States Antarctic Service: (see PI #90, Records of the United States Antarctic Service), Appropriations, Scientific equipment, 1939-40; Weather, 1939-41.
3. CENTRAL CLASSIFIED FILES. 1916-51. 76 ft.
Appendix II includes the following entry: Alaska
Railroad, Reports; Transportation and weather, 1946-51.
RECORDS OF SPECIALIZED FUNCTIONS include the Records of the Puerto Rican Hurricane Relief Commission and Loan Section.
RG-145. RECORDS OF THE AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION
AND CONSERVATION SERVICE.
by William F. Sherman, Charlotte M. Ashby and Sadie Mittman (June,
The Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation
Service was established on June 5, 1961, by the Secretary of Agriculture
in accordance with Reorganization Plan 2 of 1953. The Service
had its beginning in the Agricultural Adjust Administration (AAA),
which was established in the Department of Agriculture by authority
of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of May 12, 1933. The records
amount to 5,002 cubic feet, including 3,532 cubic feet of cartographic
records and 9 cubic feet of audiovisual records. They are for
the period 1933-55.
Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1931-52.
60,017 items. Include regional maps of the United States, showing
climate, land purchase projects, crop regions, and areas covered
by aerial survey contracts, 1931-52.
Office of the Administrator of the Agricultural
19. MAP OF THE U.S. SHOWING AVERAGE NUMBER OF NON-CLOUDY DAYS. 1937. 1 item. A photoprocessed map. Data covers the period from 1900 to 1936. An inset table gives, by region, the average number of days with clouds.
RG-166. RECORDS OF THE FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL
by James E. Primas (May, 1965).
A section of Foreign Markets was established
in the Department of Agriculture in 1895 to collect information
on production, consumption, and prices of foreign farm products.
Its functions were continued until 1922 successively by the Bureau
of Statistics, the Office of Markets, and the Bureau of Markets.
From 1922 to 1939 it was the duty of the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics. Foreign personnel were transferred to the Department
of State, effective July 1, 1939.
By a memorandum of the Secretary of Agriculture
issued on March 10, 1953, the Office of Foreign Relations became
the Foreign Agricultural Service. The records amount to 961 cubic
feet, including a negligible quantity of cartographic material.
5. NARRATIVE REPORTS. 1904-54. 585 ft.
General and detailed agricultural reports submitted by U.S. consular officers, agricultural attaches, agricultural commissioners, and special agents in foreign countries. They include information on weather conditions.
11. GRAPHIC SUMMARY OF AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 1945. 1 VOL. Negligible. Atlas published by the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations: The Agricultural Geography of the Philippine Islands, A Graphic summary (1947), which includes 34 maps of the island group showing political subdivisions, relief, population distribution, frequency of typhoons, rainfall, vegetation, land resources, distribution of major food crops, livestock, etc.
12. PUBLICATION RELATING TO THE AGRICULTURAL
GEOGRAPHY OF EUROPE AND THE NEAR EAST. 1948. 1 vol. Negligible.
Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication No. 665:
The Agricultural Geography of Europe and the Near East
(1948), containing 77 maps of Europe and the Near East. The maps
show political boundaries, relief, climate, length of growing
seasons, crop acreage and yields, etc.
by William J. Lescure (October, 1964).
An act of March 3, 1901 (31 Stat. 1449), created
the National Bureau of Standards as the successor to the Office
of Standard Weights and Measures, which was established in 1832.
The Bureau is a principal focal point in the Federal Government
for assuring maximum application of the physical and engineering
sciences to the advancement of technology in industry and commerce.
To this end the Bureau conducts research and provides central
national services in four broad program areas: (1) basic measurement
standards, (2) materials research, (3) engineering standards and
applied technology, and (4) radio propagation.
The Bureau serves as the contact point of the
Federal Government for the exchange of standards with other governments,
and it participates in developing new and more precise international
standards of measurement. It also provides standards for the
States when they request them.
The records described in this inventory are those of the National Bureau of Standards that were in the National Archives on October 31, 1964. They amount to 548 cubic feet. The records consist of (1) all known records of the Office of Standard Weights and Measures, 1830-1901; (2) general correspondence of the National Bureau of Standards, 1901-54; (3) records pertaining to tests and comparisons made by the Mass and Scale section, 1901-55; (4) record sets of the publications National Bureau of Standards Reports, 1951-61, and Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, including the predecessor publications, 1904-59; (5) fragmentary records of several of the divisions of the Bureau, 1888-1963; and other records. Related records are in RG-23 and RG-40.
Records of the Office of Standard Weights
"Comparisons," Reports, Correspondence,
and Fiscal Records
1. COMPUTATIONS OF "COMPARISONS" OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 1840-1901. 22 vols. 5 ft. "Comparisons" are experiments made on various weights and measures to determine if they conform to the desired standards. Among the records are some inventories of office equipment, reports on scientific meetings, reports from foreign countries pertaining to their system of weights and measures, copies of bills concerning standardization of weights and measures, and some related correspondence. The records are arranged according to the classification scheme (Thermometry 5000-5999, Barometry 6000-6999) and thereunder chronologically by year. A card index is available.
22. "STUDENTS COMMON-PLACE BOOK."
1838. 1 vol. 1 in. Notes taken in science classes at Yale University
and accounts of certain experiments in electricity, astronomy,
natural philosophy, and meteorology. The name of the student
is not indicated. The lecturer was very likely Denison Olmsted.
Cf. Denison Olmsted, Outlines of a Course of Lectures on Meteorology
and Astronomy. New Haven, 1858. Copy with marginalia: Sterling
Library, Yale University.
Records of the Heat Division
64. RECORDS RELATING TO THE BUREAU'S DEVELOPMENT OF TESTS AND STANDARDS FOR THERMOMETERS. 1888-1911. 5 in. Before 1900 the American manufacturers whose products were dependent upon accurate temperature measurement had to go abroad for reliable thermometer standards. These standards were furnished by testing bureaus in Germany, England, and France. To establish a comparable service in the United States, the International Weights and Measures for study and certification. Included among the records are certification forms, test results, and several studies concerning the accuracy of thermometers. At the beginning of the series there is a list of the records described.
67. BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF STANDARDS. 1904-18. 14 vols. 3 ft. A quarterly publication, bound into volumes for each year. The bulletins contain 329 research papers on fundamental science.
68. SCIENTIFIC PAPERS. 1919-28. 8 vols. 2 ft. These publications comprise 243 research papers on fundamental science.
69. TECHNOLOGICAL PAPERS. 1910-28. 22 vols. 4 ft. Publications comprising 370 research papers concerning the applied sciences. The papers deal primarily with investigations of testing materials and methods.
70. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH OF THE NATIONAL BUREAU
OF STANDARDS, INCLUDING THE EARLIER PUBLICATION-BUREAU OF STANDARDS
JOURNAL OF RESEARCH. 1928-59. 62 vols. 10 ft. A monthly journal
and its predecessor, Bureau of Standards.
PI #153, compiled
by Richard W. Giroux and revised by Garry D. Ryan (Washington:
Records. 1849-1938. 396 lin. ft. Hydrographic and meteorologic records of the Nicaragua Canal Commission, 1897-99.
Textual Records of the Panama Canal
Records of the Compagnie Universelle du Canal
Interoceanique, 1881-89, and the Compagnie Nouvelle du Canal de
1. GENERAL RECORDS. 1879-1904. 111 ft.
Letters received, press copies of letters sent, cablegrams, telegrams, order, circulars, bulletins, reports, contracts, memoranda, and press clippings of the two French canal companies. Arranged according to an alphabetic-numerical classification scheme devised by the Record Bureau of The Panama Canal. This classification scheme includes the following entries: Hydrography and Physiography (of the Chagres River, the Rio Grande, and the Ocean); Meteorology and Climatology.
Records of the Nicaragua Canal Board, 1895.
Mainly reports concerning the possibility of
the construction of a canal through the Isthmus of Nicaragua.
They deal with such matters as climate, volcanoes, estimates of
construction costs, and living conditions.
Records of the Nicaragua Canal Commission,
8. HYDROGRAPHIC AND METEOROLOGIC RECORDS. 1898.
Notes and observations made mainly by the Hydrographic and Meteorologic Survey Party. Includes information relating to heights, discharge, and rates of flow of rivers; and wind velocity, rainfall, and evaporation rates at the various observation points maintained by the Commission. Arranged according to the nature of the data observed.
Records of the First Isthmian Canal Commission, 1899-1902
26. HYDROGRAPHIC AND METEOROLOGIC RECORDS.
1887-1901. 4 ft. Current meter notes and other papers showing
computations of discharge of the rivers in Nicaragua; gauge heights
of Lake Nicaragua and the San Juan River; and wind velocity, rainfall,
and rates of evaporation at various observation points maintained
by the Nicaragua Canal Commission and the Isthmian Canal Commission.
Included are a few earlier observations made by the Maritime Canal
Company of Nicaragua. the hydrographic records are arranged either
by type or by place of observation. The meteorologic records are
arranged by type only.
28. HYDROGRAPHIC AND METEOROLOGICAL RECORDS. 1892-1901. 1 ft. Rainfall statistics, current meter notebooks, temperature readings, and computations of discharge rate of the Chagres River. Many of these records were obtained from the New Panama Canal Company. Arranged by type of data.
Records of the Second Isthmian Canal Commission,
30. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1905-14. 186 ft.
Letters, reports, memoranda, cablegrams, telegrams, circulars, orders, newspaper clippings, and other papers of the divisions, departments, and offices that comprised the second Isthmian Canal Commission. Arranged according to an alphabetic-numerical classification scheme which includes the following entries: Meteorology, Hydrography, and Geology (Equipment, General, Meteorological and hydrographic registers and original observations, Geology).
32. MONTHLY NARRATIVE REPORTS. 1904-14. 22
Narrative reports containing much statistical information regarding the work done by the various organizational units of the Commission. The reports of the Division of meteorology and Hydrography included in this series are "periodic" (that is, about every 10 to 14 days). Arranged alphabetically by organizational unit and thereunder chronologically.
PI #91 (cartographic
records), compiled by James Berton Rhoads (Washington: 1956).
Cartographic Records of the Panama Canal
Records of the Nicaragua Canal Commission
On July 29, 1897, the Nicaragua Canal Commission
was appointed by President McKinley, pursuant to an act of June
4, 1897 (30 St. 59), to re-examine the proposed canal route and
prepare an estimate of construction costs.
11. MAPS AND OTHER RECORDS RELATING TO PROJECTED CANAL ROUTES ACROSS NICARAGUA. 1895-99. 1 ft. 322 items. Manuscript and blueprint cross sections, profiles, and maps. Rainfall statistics.
Contains climate maps.
by Forrest R. Holdcamper and Charlotte M. Ashby (April, 1964).
The National Academy of Sciences was established
by an act of Congress approved on March 3, 1863, to "investigate,
examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or
art" whenever called upon by any agency of the Government.
Its membership has been restricted to the foremost scientists
of the country. The National Research Council was organized by
the Academy in the spring of 1916 at the request of President
Wilson "as a measure of national preparedness."
Research undertaken by the Council relating to World War II activities was financed through contracts with the Office of Scientific Research and Development and other Government agencies. The collection includes records of the IGY.
Records of the National Academy of Sciences, amount to 64 cubic feet. The period covered is 1900-45. For additional materials, see National Academy of Sciences Archives.