GHRAS SRCH   V

NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (RG 27)


RG-27. RECORDS OF THE WEATHER BUREAU.

Introduction:

The Weather Bureau was established by an act of October 1, 1890, in the Department of Agriculture. It took over the weather service that had been established in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the War Department in 1870, which itself had taken over the meteorological observation systems and records of the Office of the Surgeon General, begun in 1818, and of the Smithsonian Institution, begun in 1849. The authority of the Weather Bureau was expanded in 1904 to include marine meteorological functions of the Hydrographic Office of the Navy Department. The Bureau was transferred to the Department of Commerce in 1940 and was consolidated in 1965 with the Coast and Geodetic Survey to form the Environmental Science Services Administration -- ESSA, and, after 1970, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration -- NOAA (see RG-370). The Weather Bureau's basic climatological records of surface land and air observations since 1872 and its principal records of marine observations since 1904 are in the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC. There are 2,605 cubic feet of records dated between 1819 and 1965 in this record group.

References: Gustavus A. Weber, The Weather Bureau (New York, 1922); Donald R. Whitnah, A History of the United States Weather Bureau (Urbana, IL: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1961); James R. Fleming, "Meteorology in America, 1814-1874: Theoretical, Observational, and Institutional Horizons" (Princeton Univ.: Ph.D. Dissertation; Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms #88-09302, 1988).

NC-3 (Revision): Preliminary Inventory of Operational and Miscellaneous Meteorological Records of the Weather Bureau, RG-27. Compiled by Helen T. Finneran (Washington, 1965).

The records described in this inventory amount to 1,839 cubic feet and are a part of Record Group 27, Records of the United States Weather Bureau. They consist of correspondence; organizational, administrative, and fiscal records; records containing meteorological observations; a collection of meteorological reports, journals, diaries, personal papers, and other records collected by the Smithsonian Institution; records of international polar expeditions; and miscellaneous records.

The main body of related records is described in National Archives Preliminary Inventory No.38, Climatological and Hydrological Records of the Weather Bureau (see below). A more detailed description of the climatological records is contained in Special List No.1, List of Climatological Records in the National Archives (1942). Other related records are in RG-78, RG-112, RG-37, and RG-16. Personal records for separated employees of the Weather Bureau have been transferred to the Federal Records Center at St. Louis, MO.

OPERATIONAL AND MISCELLANEOUS METEOROLOGICAL RECORDS OF THE WEATHER BUREAU

I. CORRESPONDENCE

A. Meteorological Correspondence of the Smithsonian Institution, 1847-67.

1. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1847, 1859-67. 23 vols. 4 ft. Arranged chronologically except for Volumes 10 and 11, which are arranged alphabetically by surname of correspondent.

2. LETTERS SENT. 1850-53. 1 vol. 2 in.

Arranged chronologically.

The collection also includes various Smithsonian correspondence, letterbooks, log books, clippings, lists & references, and meteorological data in boxes, some without labels. Worthy of note is a collection of Arnold Guyot Letters (1849-50) to Joseph Henry which describes his role as a meteorological consultant to the Smithsonian Institution.

B. Meteorological Correspondence of the Signal Office, 1870-93.

Signal Series

3. LETTERS SENT. 1870-84, 1888-91. 26 vols. 5 ft. Arranged chronologically.

4. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1870-91. 96 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the registers of Letters Received, with the exception of 1870 when the arrangement was alphabetical by surname of writer and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers.

5. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1870, 1872-91. 38 vols. 7 ft.

Arranged chronologically, each letter being given a number in continuous sequence, with the exception of the volume covering correspondence for 1870, in which a separate set of numbers was maintained under each letter of the alphabet.

Miscellaneous Series

6. LETTERS SENT. 1870-92. 77 vols. 3 ft. Arranged chronologically.

7. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1870-84, 1888-95. 126 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received, except for the years 1870-71 when the letters were filed alphabetically by surname of correspondent.

8. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1870-84, 1885-92. 29 vols. 6 ft. Arranged chronologically.

Observers Series

9. LETTERS SENT. 1872-93. 144 vols. 25 ft. Arranged chronologically.

10. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1872-93. 54 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

11. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1872-93. 54 vols. 11 ft. Arranged chronologically.

Chief Signal Officer Series

12. LETTERS SENT. 1876-86. 42 vols. 7 ft. Arranged chronologically.

Voluntary Observers Series

13. LETTERS SENT. 1874-84. 11 vols. 1 ft. Arranged chronologically

14. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1874-84, 1888-93. 78 ft. Arranged by year and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received, except for the period 1888-90 when the letters are arranged alphabetically by name of location.

15. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1874-83, 1888-93. 18 vols. 3 ft. Arranged chronologically.

Records Series

16. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1887-94. 6 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

17. REGISTER OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1888-93. 1 vol. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

Agricultural Series

18. LETTERS SENT. 1873-78. 3 vols. 7 in. Arranged chronologically.

19. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1873-77. 4ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

20. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1873-77. 4 vols. 10 in. Arranged chronologically.

Telegraphic Series

21. LETTERS SENT. 1873-77. 2 vols. 5 in. Arranged chronologically.

22. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1873-77. 4 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers Of Letters Received.

23. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1873-77. 2 vols. 5 in. Arranged chronologically.

24. LETTERS SENT FROM THE TELEGRAPH ROOM. 1874-77. 2 vols. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

25. RECORD OF TELEGRAMS SENT AND COPIES OF TELEGRAMS RECEIVED. 1871. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

Confidential Series

26. LETTERS SENT. 1884-89. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

27. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1884-89. 10 in. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

28. REGISTER OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1884-89. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

State Weather Service Series

29. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1891-94. 30 ft. Arranged chronologically, thereunder according to the number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

30. REGISTER OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1891-94. 2 vols. 5 in. Arranged chronologically.

Correspondence Series

31. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1891-93. 18 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

32. REGISTER OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1891-93. 1 vol. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

33. LETTERS SENT BY THE CHIEF OF THE BUREAU.1891-95, 1897-1911. 26 vols. 2 ft. Arranged chronologically.

34. LETTERS SENT BY THE CHIEF CLERK ("CONFIDENTIAL"). 1893-97. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

35. LETTERS RECEIVED BY THE FORECAST DIVISION. 1893-94. 1 ft. Arranged chronologically.

36. LETTERS SENT FROM CONCHO, TEX., FORT GIBSON, INDIAN TERRITORY, AND GRIERSON SPRINGS, TEX. 1873-85. Arranged chronologically.
Concho, Tex., daily journal, 1875-1885 5 vols.
Check ledger, 1882-1883 1 vol.
Fort Gibson, daily journal, 1873-1880 3 vols.
Letters received, 1875-1882 2 vols.
Letters sent, 1873-1882 3 vols.
Grierson Springs, daily journal, 1879-1882 1 vol.
Letters received, 1881-1882 1 vol.
Letters, sent 1881-1882 1 vol.

37. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED AT CONCHO, TEX., FORT GIBSON, INDIAN TERRITORY, AND GRIERSON SPRINGS, TEX. 1873-87. 7 vols. 7 in. Arranged chronologically.

38. ROSTER OF OFFICERS, ENLISTED MEN, AND CIVILIANS EMPLOYED AT OFFICE OF THE CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER. 1868-81. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged in three groups: commissioned officers, enlisted men, and civilian employees, and thereunder chronologically by date of assignment.

39. LIST OF MEN ON DUTY IN OFFICE OF THE CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER. (39) 1873- ca. 1881. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of person.

40. RECORDS RELATING TO ENLISTED MEN IN THE SIGNAL CORPS. 1881, 1884-90. 1 vol. 1 in. Varied arrangement. Information is arranged by year, State, and name.

41. OFFICERS RECORD BOOK. n.d. 1 vol. 1 in. Unarranged.

42. PROCEEDINGS OF THE BOARD OF OFFICERS FOR EXAMINATION OF ENLISTED MEN. 180-86. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

43. ORDER BOOKS. 1870-84. 13 vols. 3 ft. Arranged chronologically.

44. REPORTS AND MINUTES OF MEETINGS OF THE GENERAL BOARD OF ASSISTANTS. 1881-84. 2 vols. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

45. STATEMENTS PREPARED FOR A SENATE COMMITTEE. 1887. 4 in. Unarranged.

46. RECORDS RELATING TO THE TRANSFER OF METEOROLOGICAL FUNCTIONS FROM THE WAR DEPARTMENT TO THE AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT. 1887. 3 in. Arranged alphabetically by title of document.

C. General Correspondence of the Weather Bureau, 1894-1942

47. LETTERS RECEIVED. 1894-1911. 450 ft. Arranged chronologically and thereunder by number assigned in the Registers of Letters Received.

48. REGISTERS OF LETTERS RECEIVED. 1894-1911. 7 vols. 5 ft. Arranged chronologically.

49. INDEXES TO LETTER RECEIVED. 1892-1906. 28 vols. 5 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name and, in separate volumes, alphabetically by subject.

50. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE WEATHER BUREAU. 1912-42. 393 linear ft. (855 linear ft. from 1894-1942). Arranged according to the Dewey decimal classification scheme, thereunder alphabetically by name of person or place in chronological sequence.

APPENDIX VI: SELECT SUBJECT INDEX TO THE GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE WEATHER BUREAU, 1912-42. The number following the subject is the classification number under which the correspondence is filed.

Addresses, talks, lectures, 030.6
Administration, general, 000
Central Office and Station, 080
Regional Office, 090
Administrative reports, 010
Aerological instruments, 450-91
Airway substations, 535.1
Alaskan substations, 531.4
Anemometers, 450.6
Annual report of the Chief of Bureau, 010.1
Applications for employment, 101
Appropriations, 210
Apportionments, reserves, balances, obligations, and suballotments, 210.2
Articles, clippings, newspapers, 030.3
Attorney General decisions, 220.3
Barographs, 450.7
Barometers, 450.7
Blizzard reports, 607
Boards and committees, 020
Budget Bureau hearings, 010.2
Buildings and Grounds, 300
Cable reports, 614
Charges, criticisms, complaints, controversies, 030.2
Circuit reports, 611
Circular letters, 010.5
Civil Service, relations with, 02
Commendations of Bureau, resolutions, 030.1
Comptroller's decisions, 220.1
Cooperative activities with other:
Bureaus or departments, 070.1
Emergency agencies, 070.3
Meteorological services, institutions, 070.2
Corn and wheat bulletins, 730.3
Corn and Wheat substations, 534.2
Cotton region bulletins, 730.2
Cotton region substations, 534.1
Cranberry substations, 534.4
Daily weather bulletin, 730.5
Department and Execution orders and memorandums, 010.8
Devices (inventions, patents), 153.3
Display equipment, 440
Dust counters, 450.9
Elevations and exposures of instruments, 500.1
Evaporation substations, 532.6
Fake or fraudulent extended forecasts, 620.6
Fire weather substations, 533.3
Fire weather forecasts, 620.42
First order stations, 510
Flags, 440.1
Flagstaffs and halyards, 440.2
Flood warnings, 621.1
Forecasts and warnings, 620
Forecasts distribution, 622
Forms, 750
Hailstorm reports, 607
Harvest spraying reports, 620.43
Highway weather, 620.41
Hooks and stillwells, 450.9
Horticulture substations, 534.5
Hydrologic substations, 534.5
Hygrographs, 450.8
Hygrometers, 450.9
Inspections:
Central office, 050.1
Special, 050.3
Station, 050.2
Substation, 050.4
Instruments and instrumental equipment (see name of particular instrument), 450
Instructions, 010.3
International ice patrol, 030.4
Invitations to exhibits, congresses, conventions, 030.5
Lanterns, 440.4
Levels and transits, 450.9
Livestock warnings, 621.3
Marine meteorological observations and reports, 604
Maps, commercial substations, 531.2
Monthly means (reports), 6023
Mountain snowfall substations, 532.3
Navigation, opening and closing of, 606
Nephoscopes, 450.9
Observations, meteorological and reports, 600
Personnel (general) 100
Publications, daily, 730
Publications: weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annual, 720
Publicity, general, 030
Rain and snow gages, 450.2
Reporting substations (cooperative), 532.2
Reports, administrative and executive, 010
Rice and sugar reporting substations, 534.3
River bulletins, 730.1
River gages and equipment, 450.4
River substations, 532.1
Second order forecast stations, 531.1
Service by telephone, 615
Service by wireless, 616
Small craft warnings, 621.4
Snow and ice substations, 532.4
Snow scales, 450.9
Solicitor's decisions, 2202
Station expenses, authority for, 213
Storm warnings, 621.5
Substation reports and observations, 603
Sunshine recorders, 450.9
Telethermographs, telethermoscopes, 450.8
Temperature indicators, 450.1
Thermographs, 450.8
Towers, 440.3
Triple registers, 450.9
Vessel movements reports, 605
West Indian substations, 531.3
Wind intensity instruments, 450.6

51. LETTERS RECEIVED BY R.A. FESSENDEN. 1901-3. 2 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of sender.
 

II. OPERATIONAL RECORDS

A. Administrative and Fiscal Records.

52. LETTERS RECEIVED AT KITTY HAWK, N.C. 1879-81, 1887-89, 1895-96. 10 in. Arranged chronologically.

53. STATION INSPECTION REPORTS. 1871-ca. 1930. 103 Vols. 27 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.
Other inspection records include:
Inspection Reports of Weather Bureau Field Stations, 1889-1930. (Forms 400l & 4002). 11 boxes.
Inspection Reports of Weather Bureau Property, 1889-1891. (Form 4003). 3 boxes.
Inspection Reports of Weather Bureau General Work, 1937-1939. 1 box.
Monthly Inspection Reports, 1894-1895. 3 boxes.
Quarterly Inspection Reports, 1895. 1 box.

54. REPLIES TO CIRCULAR LETTERS. 1896, 1898. 3 vols. 9 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

55. RECORDS DESCRIBING WEATHER STATIONS. 1883-1904. 5 vols. 1 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

56. ANNUAL REPORTS OF STATIONS. 1888-96. 18 vols. 34 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

B. Records of Surface Land Observations, 1819-1941.

57. MICROFILM COPIES OF SURFACE LAND OBSERVATIONS. 1819-92. Microfilm # T907. 564 reels. 80 ft.
Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station, thereunder chronologically. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution U.S. Congress 43-1, Senate Misc. Doc. 130 (Washington, 1874), serves as a finding aid for part of this series.

58. SURFACE LAND OBSERVATIONS MADE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES. 1843-87. 4ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of country.

59. DAILY OBSERVATIONS OF METEOROLOGY AT MILITARY POSTS. ("Meteorological Registers"). 1819-1916. ca. 660 vols. 60 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder by locality.

60. HOURLY OBSERVATIONS MADE AT EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES AT MILITARY POSTS. ("Hourly Meteorological Registers"). 1821-54. 1 ft.
Arranged alphabetically by name of station. A list of stations, with dates of observations, is provided in National Archives Preliminary Inventory NC-3 (Revision), Appendix I.

61. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS MADE AT THE NAVY YARD, PORTSMOUTH, N.H. 1842-52. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

62. COAST SURVEY NOTEBOOKS. 1843-73. 87 vols. 5 ft. Unarranged. For a list of locations and dates, see National Archives Preliminary Inventory NC-3 (Revision), Appendix II.

63. JOURNALS OF DAILY OBSERVATIONS MADE AT THE NAVAL OBSERVATORY, WASHINGTON, D.C. 1842-1913. 73 vols. 7 ft. Arranged chronologically.

64. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS MADE AT SAVANNAH, GA. 1859. 2 vols. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

65. LAKE SURVEY RECORDS. 1859-76. 29 vols. 9 ft. Arranged by type of observation. Also: Register of Water Level and Meteorological Observations. See also RG-77, entries 348ff.

66. WEEKLY METEOROLOGICAL RECORD. 1870-81. ca. 1,000 vols. 138 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

67. STATION JOURNALS IN TEXAS. 1877-83.9 vols. 2 ft. Arranged chronologically.

68. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT MACON, GA. 1873-82.1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

69. RECORDS OF INTERNATIONAL SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS. 1874-92. 155 vols. 38 ft. Arranged in numerical sequence, Form 123. An index showing nation and volume numbers is provided in National Archives Preliminary Inventory NC-3 (Revision), Appendix III. This collection also contains records from various naval and merchant vessels, ca 1880's. Almost none of which are enumerated in NC-3 (Revision).

70. OBSERVATIONS MADE BY EMPLOYEES OF THE NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. 1873-74. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

71. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS MADE AT STATIONS OF THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. 1877-88. 3 vols. 5 in. Arranged chronologically.

72. REPORTS OF SUNSET STATIONS. 1878-85, 1888. 5 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of locality.

73. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS MADE AT PIKES PEAK AND COLORADO SPRINGS, COLO. 1882-83. 5 vols. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

74. RECORDS OF EVAPORATION STUDIES. 1907. 10 vols. 7 in. Arranged chronologically.

75. REPORTS OF OBSERVATIONS TAKEN DURING THE TRANSIT OF HALLEY'S COMET. 1910.4 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

76. RECORDS OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT MOUNT WASHINGTON, N.H. 1889-92. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

77. RECORDS OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS TAKEN AT BROWNSVILLE, TEX. 1889-92. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

78. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS TAKEN AT MOUNT WEATHER, VA. 1905-14. 2 vols. 2 in. Arranged by type of observation, thereunder chronologically.

79. METEOROLOGICAL SUMMARY FOR WOODS HOLE, MASS. 1873-95. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

80. RECORD OF STORMS. 1881-83. 1 vol. 3 in. Arranged chronologically

81. REPORT OF THUNDERSTORMS. 1885. 1 vol. 4 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

82. MONTHLY RECORDS OF STORM WARNINGS MADE BY STATION AT LUDINGTON, MICH. 1916. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

83. RECORDS OF BAROMETRIC CORRECTIONS. 1883-88. 8 vols. 5 in. Unarranged.

84. REPORTS OF OBSERVERS IN THE COTTON REGIONS. 1883-1902. 14 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station

85. REPORTS OF OBSERVERS AT THE THIRD ORDER STATIONS. 1883-98. 4 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State and thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

86. REPORTS OF OBSERVERS IN THE CORN AND WHEAT REGIONS. 1896-1902. 4 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

87. REPORTS OF SPECIAL RAINFALL STATIONS. 1887-88. 6 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

88. RECORD OF DAILY AND FIVE-DAY MEAN TEMPERATURE READINGS. ca. 1879-1903.2 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

89. RECORDS OF SOLAR AND SKY RADIATION MEASUREMENT. ca. 1908-41. 10 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of locality.

90. RECORDS OF OBSERVATIONS IN THE WEST INDIES. 1881-92. 5 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

91. REPORTS OF OBSERVATIONS IN ALASKA. 1881-92, 1898-1913, 1918-24. 4 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station and also chronologically.

92. MONTHLY SUMMARIES OF METEOROLOGY AT MILITARY POSTS. 1819-54, 1859-86. 12 vols. 2 ft. Arranged chronologically.

93. BAROMETRICAL REGISTERS. 1855-68, 1876-82. 2 vols. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

94. MONTHLY AND ANNUAL SUMMARIES OF AVERAGE PRECIPITATION IN MISSOURI. 1856-1904. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of locality.

95. MONTHLY SUMMARIES OF DAILY PRECIPITATION FOR SOUTH CAROLINA. 1870-92. 3 vols. 1 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

96. DAILY METEOROLOGICAL BULLETINS. Jan.-June 1871. 2 vols. 4 in. Arranged chronologically.

97. MONTHLY SUMMARIES OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FOR MIDDLETOWN, CONN. 1875-76. 1 vol. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

98. RECORDS OF TEMPERATURE READINGS. 1871-86. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

99. RECORD OF RAINFALL READINGS. 1871-84. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

100. RECORD OF BAROMETRIC PRESSURE. 1872-80.1 vol. 2 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

101. RECORDS OF COMPARATIVE BAROMETER READINGS. 1873-84. 3 vols. 4 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

102. RECORDS OF COMPARATIVE TEMPERATURE READINGS. 1873-84. 3 vols. 3 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

103. ANNUAL REPORTS OF SIGNAL OFFICE STATIONS. 1888-96. 18 vols. 5 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

104. MONTHLY REPORT OF WEATHER BUREAU STATIONS. 1905-7. 63 vols. 11 ft. Arranged chronologically.

105. RECORDS OF CLOUD OBSERVATIONS. 1896-97.11 vols. 7 in. Arranged chronologically.

106. PSYCHROMETRICAL REGISTERS. 1874-87. 2 vols. 3 in. Arranged chronologically.

107. METEOROLOGICAL ABSTRACTS ("ANNUAL SUMMARY OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS"). 1877-87.4 vols. 10 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

108. WIND RECORDS. 1872-79. 1 vol. 2 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

109. ABSTRACTS OF REPORTS OF VOLUNTARY OBSERVERS AND ARMY POST SURGEONS. 1874-86. 13 vols. 2 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of State.

110. TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION DATA FROM POST HOSPITALS AND VOLUNTARY OBSERVERS. 1880-86. 3 vols. 6 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

111. RECORDS OF DIFFERENCES OF DAILY MEAN TEMPERATURES. 1881-87. 2 vols. 6 in. Arranged alphabetically name of station.

112. SUMMARY REPORT ON THERMOMETER EXPOSURE AT STATION. 1883. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder alphabetically by name of station.

113. MONTHLY MEANS, TOTALS, AND SUMMARIES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA. 1883-90. 2 vols. 6 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

114. REPORTS OF LOCAL WIND STORMS. 1887. 2 vols. 6 in. Arranged chronologically.

115. GRAPHS SHOWING LONG-TERM TRENDS IN WEATHER CONDITIONS. 1870-83. 2 vols. 6 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of station.

116. OBSERVATIONS OF RAIN AND SNOWFALL IN CALIFORNIA, COLORADO, AND NEW MEXICO. 1889-90. 5 in. Arranged chronologically.

117. REPORTS ON THE TIME OF HARVESTING AND PLANTING OF CROPS. 1888-93. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder by district.

118. SNOWFALL BULLETINS. 1897-1904. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

C. Records of Marine Observations, 1842-1930.

119. ABSTRACTS OF SHIPS LOGS ("ABSTRACT LOGS"). 1842-93. 526 vols. 40 ft. Arranged numerically.

120. CARD INDEX TO ABSTRACTS OF SHIP LOGS. 1842-93. 4 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of ship.

121. BOOK INDEX TO ABSTRACTS OF SHIP LOGS. 1842-93. 6 vols. 1 ft. Arranged by number of volume.

122. RECORDS CONTAINING MARINE OBSERVATIONS BY OCEAN SQUARE. 1873-86. 19 ft. Arranged numerically by ocean square.

123. RECORDS OF SIMULTANEOUS METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON SHIPS. 1886-1902. 104 ft. Arranged by ocean and thereunder chronologically. Report of Marine Meteorology is on Form 105, with summaries of meteorological observations by map squares ca. 1880's - 1890's.

124. ABSTRACT STORM LOGS RECORDED ON SHIPS. 1896-1910.10 ft. Arranged by ocean and thereunder by month.

125. GALE AND STORM REPORTS RECORDED ON SHIPS. 1895-1910. 7 ft. Arranged by ocean and thereunder by month.

126. FOG REPORTS MADE ON SHIPS. 1896-1910. 7 ft. Arranged by ocean and thereunder by month.

127. MARINE METEOROLOGICAL JOURNALS. 1879-93. 1,955 vols. 135 ft. Arranged numerically.

128. INDEX TO MARINE METEOROLOGICAL JOURNALS. 1879-93.4 ft. Arranged alphabetically by name of ship.

129. REPORTS OF UNUSUAL OCEAN PHENOMENA. 1887-1904. 1 in. Unarranged.

130. RECORDS CONTAINING SUMMARY WEATHER DATA FOR THE NORTH PACIFIC AND NORTH ATLANTIC OCEANS. 1890-1904. 18 vols. 3 ft. Arranged by ocean square number.

131. RECORD OF OBSERVATIONS AT U.S. NAVAL STATION, ISLAND OF GUAM. 1902-8, 1913-19. 3 ft. Unarranged.

132. RECORDS OF WEATHER INFORMATION AT GULF OF MEXICO, AND NORTH ATLANTIC AND NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN AREAS. 1890-1930. 89 Booklets. 2 ft. Unarranged.

D. Diaries, Journals, and Miscellaneous Papers Containing Meteorological Data.

134. RECORDS OF MISCELLANEOUS METEOROLOGICAL, HYDROLOGIC, AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION. ca. 1847-91. 82 ft. Unarranged.

135. DIARIES AND JOURNALS OF METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION. 1792-1889. 6 ft. Arranged numerically.

136. SCIENTIFIC AND PERSONAL PAPERS OF CLEVELAND ABBE. 1863-1916. Arranged in part chronologically and in part alphabetically by subject. N.B.: This material was transferred to the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.

E. Records of Polar Expeditions, 1881-1923.
(related material in RG-401)

137. "BRAINARD COLLECTION." 1881-1918. 6 ft. Consists of a journal, related papers, and photographs. The textual records are arranged chronologically; photographs are grouped by subject or area and thereunder chronologically.

138. CORRESPONDENCE, REPORTS, JOURNALS, AND SCIENTIFIC RECORDS OF THE LADY FRANKLIN BAY EXPEDITION. 1881-86. 16 ft. Includes a manuscript copy of "Report on the Proceedings of the U.S. Expedition to Lady Franklin Bay, Grinnell Land," by A.W. Greely, the commander of the expedition; various War Department orders; numerous reports by members of the expedition; journals, maps, photographs; and meteorological observations. For the most part arranged chronologically. A select list of these records is provided in National Archives Preliminary Inventory NC-3 (Revision), Appendix IV. JOURNAL OF THE LOCKWOOD EXPEDITION on the North Coast of Greenland, April 30 - June 1, 1882 is available on one roll of microfilm, #T298.

139. RECORDS OF EXPEDITION TO POINT BARROW, ALASKA. 1881-83. 2 ft. Includes letters sent and letters received bound in volumes and journal books containing meteorological observations. Arranged chronologically. A list of records is provided in National Archives Preliminary Inventory NC-3 (Revision), Appendix V.

140. RECORDS OF EXPEDITION TO FRANZ JOSEPH LAND. 1898-99. 4 in. Arranged chronologically.

141. RECORDS OF THE EXPEDITION TO REFUGE HARBOR, GREENLAND. Sept.-Nov. 1923. 2 in. Arranged chronologically.

F. Other Records, 1878-1946.

142. DRAWINGS. 1878. 1/2 in. Unarranged.

143. RECORDS RELATING TO THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF ELECTRICITY. 1881. 1 in. Unarranged.

144. RECORDS RELATING TO THE PARIS EXPOSITION. 1889. 1 in. Unarranged.

145. BUILDING PLANS OF WEATHER BUREAU STATIONS. 1896-1924. 2 ft. (ALT. 1901-1931, 2 cartons). Arranged alphabetically by name of station, thereunder chronologically.

146. COMMEMORATIVE DIPLOMAS MADE TO THE WEATHER BUREAU AT THE PAN AMERICAN EXPOSITION. 1901. 1/2 in. Unarranged.

147. REMINISCENCES OF EMPLOYEES AND MISCELLANEOUS HISTORICAL METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION. 1907-46. 1 ft. Arranged in numerical sequence as shown by an accompanying list.

Extracts from PI #38: Preliminary Inventory of the Climatological and Hydrological Records of the Weather Bureau, compiled by Harold T. Pinkett, Helen T. Finneran, and Katherine H. Davidson (Washington: 1952). This list includes only those records not shipped to the National Climate Center in 1952.

6. DAILY JOURNALS AND ABSTRACTS. 1870-1907. 919 vols. 200 ft.
All stations for meteorological observations were required to keep daily journals. These were narrative meteorological records of weather phenomena not easily tabulated. Monthly abstracts were made of these daily records and forwarded to the Washington Office of the United States Signal Service. The entries were first made on paper with no form number but in 1881 an index was added on Form 140. This contained a printed list of all topics likely to be mentioned in the journals. Form 140 was renumbered in 1891 as Form 1014 but contained no important revisions. The title "Abstract of Daily Journal" was also changed to "Daily Journal," but the data submitted remained the same. An important change occurred in 1904 when record-keeping procedures were revised at all the stations. Entries in the daily journals after 1904 were made only for important events rather than for daily happenings. An interesting feature of the journals was the method of inserting marginal notes in red ink to facilitate reference. These notes were inserted on each page of the journal for each prominent subject and the subjects were indexed monthly; after 1896 they were also indexed annually. The journals and abstracts are arranged alphabetically by locality for the period 1870-87; alphabetically by State, 1888-90; and by year, thereunder by locality, after 1890.

8. RECORDS OF HOURLY BAROGRAPH READINGS. 1888-1904. 28 vols. 5 ft. These records consist of transcriptions of data (Form 118 and 1026) from records made by a barograph. Arranged alphabetically by locality.

11. RECORDS OF HOURLY WIND MOVEMENT. 1872-1904. 87 vols. 21 ft.
These records show the prevailing wind movement as recorded by self-registering instruments. These records were transcribed to Form 165 and 1022. Arranged alphabetically by station except for the period 1884-88; for this period, arranged alphabetically by State, thereunder by locality.

12. RECORDS OF HOURLY WIND DIRECTION. 1891-1904. 33 vols. 8 ft.
These records appear on Form 1021 and show the prevailing direction of the wind for each hour of the day. Continuous records of wind velocity extend back to the establishment of the government weather reporting service. Arranged chronologically and thereunder alphabetically by locality.

15. RECORDS OF EXPERIMENTAL SELF-REGISTERING INSTRUMENTS. 1870-88. 96 vols. 15 ft. These records are the result of experiments conducted in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer in Washington, D.C., in self-registry of meteorological conditions. The records probably contain a considerable amount of unreliable data, but they are significant in helping to show the evolution of self-registry in the United States weather service. Arranged as follows according to the type of meteorological condition registered:

Barometric Pressure
Beck's Aneroid Barometer, 1873-77
Beck's Photo-Barometer, 1874-77
Foreman's Barometer, 1882-87
Gibbon's Barometer, 1873-85
Hough's Percussive Barometer, 1873-77
Hough's Self-Registering Barometer, 1870-78
Peelor's Barometer, 1873-76

Precipitation
Beck's Rain and Snow Gauge, 1871-72
Draper's Pluviometer, 1872-76
Eccard's Rain and Snow Gauge, 1874, 1877-82
Gibbon's Rain and Snow Gauge, 1873-77, 1883-88
Powell's Rain and Snow Gauge, 1883-86
Pluviometer, 1871

Temperature
Hough's Meteorgraph, 1873-77
Photo-Thermograph, 1874-77
Photographic Register, 1870-71

Wind
Beck's Anemometer, 1873-77
Draper's Anemometer, 1872-77
Draper's Anemoscope, 1872-75
Eccard's Anemoscope, 1875-77, 1882-84, 1886-87
Eccard's Anemometer, 1876-77, 1882-84, 1886
Gibbon's Anemograph, 1872-77
Anemometers, 1871

20. WEEKLY METEOROLOGICAL RECORDS. 1870-91. 320 vols. 18 ft. These records (Form 4) received by the Signal Office were prepared by voluntary observers in the West Indies, by observers of the Canadian Meteorological and Telegraphic Service, and by observers of the Signal Service in Alaska. They contain information relating to temperature, barometric pressure, wind direction and velocity, precipitation, clouds, and general remarks about the weather. (Related records received by the Signal Office from its regular weather stations in the United States are listed in the List of Climatological Records in the National Archives.) Arranged alphabetically from the following localities:

Alaska: 8 locations
Canada: 48 locations
Newfoundland: 2 locations
Colombia:1 location
West Indies: 10 locations

21. RECORDS OF CAUTIONARY SIGNALS. 1871-99. 29 vols. 5 ft.

Special warnings of storms and hurricanes have been issued by the Signal Service and the Weather Bureau primarily for the benefit of marine interests. These warnings have been displayed by means of storm flags and lanterns at many points on the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coasts and along the Great Lakes. Weekly records (Forms 23 and 112) of the display of the warnings reveal the time of hoisting and lowering the signal and of the beginning and ending of the storm, the direction and velocity of the wind, the damage resulting from the storm, and the benefits resulting from the display of signals. Arranged by locality.

22. DIARY OF STORMS. 1881-83. 1 vol. 3 in.

This volume shows the date and nature of various storms throughout the country, the injuries done to persons, and the estimated damages to private property. Arranged chronologically.

23. REPORTS ON THUNDERSTORMS. July-Sept. 1885. 1 vol. 3 in.

These reports (Form 169b) show the time of thunder and precipitation, the amount of precipitation, the duration and velocity of the wind, and the approximate intensity of the storm. Arranged chronologically.

Miscellaneous Collections of Items in RG-27

(Extracts from Tim Connelly's List)

DRAWER 11 -- MICROFILM
A. JOURNALS & DIARIES (Job # 6487)

Reel
1. Alabama-Florida
2. Louisiana-Maryland
3. Massachusetts-Mississippi
4. Missouri-New Jersey
5. New York
6. " "
7. " "
8. " "
9. New York-Ohio
10. Pennsylvania
11. South Carolina-Vermont
12. Virginia-Wisconsin; Bermuda, Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Newfoundland, Panama, Miscellaneous
B. METEOROLOGICAL RECORDS (Job # 1037)
Reel 1. Wireless Telegraph Stations: Guam-Agana (?), 1910-1919
" 2. U. S. Naval Station, Guam, 1903-1906
C. BLUE HILL COLLECTION- 15 REELS (also Blue Hill Statues -- drawers 24-31)
D. WRIGHT BROTHERS MATERIAL, 1 REEL

MAURY LOGS. File books, Series A, (approx. 9" x 25"), which contain summaries of meteorological data from logs of ships: e.g., wind direction & force, barometric pressure, clouds, currents, temperature, prevailing condition, ship's position. Daily entries. 1868-1870. Compiled by the U. S. Hydrographic Office. 54 vols. 2 linear ft. Related materials are located in RG-78: Records of the Naval Observatory and in the Library of Congress.

ACCRETION TO RG-27, Feb. 1973. 1 carton. Principally 1948-1972, with some older material, Descriptive list is enclosed.


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