The Printed Archives Division contains an extensive
collection of publications of the U.S. Government.
RG-307. RECORDS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE
RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF ANTARCTIC PROGRAMS. 1950-69.
RG-313. RECORDS OF NAVAL OPERATING FORCES.
Records of the U.S. Naval Support Force,
Antarctica (Task Force 43, Operation Deep Freeze)
Records of the Aerology (Meteorological)
24. OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE. 1955-57. 1 in.
25. MISCELLANEOUS RECORDS RELATING TO METEOROLOGY.
1942-61. 5 in.
CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA FOR ANTARCTIC STATIONS.
Motion pictures: MP-11. "The United States
Supports IGY in Antarctica, 1955-59," by Rear Adm. Dufek,
Commander. 2 parts. 16mm. Color. With the support of the National
Related Polar records are found in RG-307, RG-370, and RG-401.
RG-341. RECORDS OF HEADQUARTERS U.S. AIR
by Helene Bowen, Olive K. Liebman, Jessie T. Midkiff, and Mary
Joe Minor (1963).
Headquarters United States Air Force, also
known as the Air Staff, was established by the National Security
Act of 1947 under the Department of the Air Force. The Chief
of Staff, who presides over the Air Staff, exercises command over
the major air commands and is charged with the formulation, establishment,
and execution of policies and plans to accomplish the Air Force
mission. He is the principal adviser to the President, the Secretary
of Defense, and the Secretary of the Air Force on the conduct
of air warfare and is the principal military adviser to the Secretary
of the Air Force on activities of the United States Air Force.
The volume of the records is 9,787 cubic feet; their dates of
coverage are 1939-55 generally. Related records are in RG-339,
RG-340, RG-18, RG-107, RG-94, AND RG-319.
CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS, 1947-63. 4,458 items.
These include published aeronautical charts
and special maps issued by the Aeronautical Chart and Information
Center, showing climate and other information.
RG-359. RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE
by Norman D. Moore and John F. Simmons (December 1964).
On November 7, 1957, President Eisenhower appointed
Dr. James B. Killian of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
as his Special Assistant for Science and Technology. The President's
object in making this appointment was "to make sure that
the very best thought and advice that the scientific community
can supply, heretofore provided on an informal basis, is now fully
organized and formalized so that no gaps can occur." The
Office of Science and Technology was established in the Executive
Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 2 of 1962, effective
June 8, 1962.
Related records are in RG-227 and RG-307.
Some records of the former Office of the Special Assistant to
the President for Science and Technology are located in the Dwight
D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kans.
1. SELECTED PARTS OF THE GENERAL RECORDS.
1957-61. 11 ft.
These records consist chiefly of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and copies of publications that are concerned with the substantive activities of the Office and that represent important documentation regarding governmental policy in the fields of national defense, atomic energy, space technology, and other scientific fields. Arranged alphabetically by subject or name of agency.
RG-370. RECORDS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (ESSA).
The Environmental Science Services Administration
(ESSA)--established in the Department of Commerce by Reorganization
Plan No. 2 of 1965, was a consolidation of the Coast and Geodetic
Survey (see RG-23) and the Weather Bureau (see RG-27). ESSA was
renamed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
The Administration studied the oceans, the
lower and upper atmosphere, and the size and shape of the earth
to further the safety and welfare of the public, enhance and improve
the Nation's economy, and assist those Federal departments concerned
with national defense, exploration of outer space, and management
of natural resources. Its operations included basic and applied
research, observations, processing data, and disseminating weather
forecasts and warnings and information about other phenomena within
its areas of study. ESSA consisted of staff offices and the Environmental
Data Service, the Weather Bureau, the Research Laboratories, the
Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the National Environmental Satellite
Center. Its field organization included the Weather Bureau regional
offices and Coast and Geodetic Survey field directors and marine
There are 58 cubic feet of cartographic records
dated between 1965 and 1968 in this record group. Cartographic
Records, 1965-68. 18,649 items. Maps of the United States and
Canada published by the Weather Analysis and Prediction Division
of the Weather Bureau, showing daily surface weather condition,
1965-67; and nautical and aeronautical charts published by the
Offices of Aeronautical Charting and Cartography, Hydrography
and Oceanography, and Geodesy and Photogrammetry of the Coast
and Geodetic Survey, 1965-68.
RECORDS OF THE OVERSEAS OPERATIONS DIVISION RELATING TO POLAR OPERATIONS. 1953-70. The Overseas Operations Division had responsibility for the Joint Arctic Weather Stations (JAWS), as well as meteorological programs in the Antarctic, Caribbean, and Latin America.
OFFICE FILES OF THE POLAR ASSISTANT, CHARLES L. ROBERTS, JR. 1953-69.
ANTARCTIC STATION REPORTS. 1965-70.
These records include a chronology of events, description of programs, events, accomplishments, etc., with some photographs and data, for the Amundsen-Scott and Byrd Stations.
ARCTIC STATION REPORTS. 1965-67. Reports and debriefings from JAWS station, Resolute and Ice Island T-3.
RECORDS OF THE POLAR METEOROLOGY GROUP. 1958-69.
The Polar Meteorology Group and its predecessors conducted research on meteorological, oceanographic, and glaciological problems in the Antarctic; managed meteorological data; and served as advisors to the U.S. Antarctic Research Program.
SUBJECT FILE. 1958-69. 3 ft.
Related Polar records are found in RG-307,
RG-313, and RG-401.
RG-401. NATIONAL ARCHIVES GIFT COLLECTION
OF MATERIAL RELATING TO POLAR REGIONS.
The National Archives accepts donated papers
and historical materials relating to U.S. participation in exploration,
scientific research, and logistics in the Arctic and Antarctic.
There are 33.12 cubic meters (994 cubic ft.) of records dated
between 1750 and 1976 in this record group. Related records are
in RG-307, RG-313, and RG-370. Cf. Herman R. Friis & Shelby
G. Bale Jr. (eds.) United States Polar Exploration (Athens,
OH: Ohio Univ. Press, 1970).
AMUNDSEN-ELLSWORTH ARCTIC EXPEDITION. Records.
1925. 3 cm. 2 vols. Arranged by date. A small notebook, "Meteorological
Observations during the Amundsen-Ellsworth Polar Flight,"
with 107 pages of manuscript entries consisting principally of
instructions for making observations during the flight, at the
landing place farthest north, and pilot balloon ascents, with
tables and a list of meteorological equipment. Observed data for
May 25 to June 13, present and past weather, dry and wet bulb
temperature, clouds, and precipitation. A volume published in
1925 containing radiograms from Spitbergen, May 21 to June 23,
1925, including Amundsen's account of the flight, activities on
the ice, and return, with additional information about preparations
for the flight, the organization of the meteorological service,
and weather condition.
Photographs of the Amundsen-Ellsworth Arctic
Expeditions. 1925-1926. 36 photographs. Arranged by expedition
and thereunder numerically. Some of which are included in the
#28. J. Holmboa meteorologue ready for ceremony.
CARLSON, WILLIAM S. Papers and Other Historical
Materials, 1926-73, including biographical materials, correspondence
about Arctic activities, diaries, photographs, motion pictures,
manuscript and published copies of writings. The following entries
are specifically related to meteorology:
(Entry 7) Photographs Relating to World War II Activities, 1941-45; ca. 730 photographs; 11 aerial photographs; arranged by type of item and thereunder numerically. Photographs of the North Atlantic Air Route include scenes of base activities, equipment, personnel, surrounding areas, and aerial views along the route. Air bases, weather, and communications stations pictured include Presque Isle, Maine; Gander Lake, Newfoundland; Goose Bay, Labrador; Greenland base at Narsarssuak (Bluie West 1), Sondre Stromfjord (Bluie West 8), Iketeq and Angmagsasalik (Bluie East 2), and settlements along the Greenland west coast; Reykjavik, Iceland (Meeks Field); and Prestwick, Scotland, 1941-44. Other photographs relate to the establishment of weather stations at Ft. Chimo, Quebec (Crystal I); Baffin Island, Frobisher Bay (Crystal II); and Padloping Island, Frobisher Bay (Crystal III), September-November 1941.
(Entry 9) Motion Picture Film Relating to Arctic Activities, 1942-68; six 16 mm. reels; arranged chronologically. Include scenes taken during an Alaska-based Ptarmigan flight with the 55th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, Detachment One, ca. 1959.
(Entry 10) Copies of Published Writings, 1939-70; 2 inches; arranged chronologically. Copies of some of Carlson's publications, including "Report of the Northern Division of the Fourth University of Michigan Expedition, 1930-31: A., Aerology and Meteorology; and B., Geology and Glaciology," in Reports of the Greenland Expeditions of the University of Michigan, Part II (1941).
(Entry 12) Greenland Reports and Other Research
Materials, 1926-71; 6 inches; arranged by type or subject and
thereunder chronologically. Typescript copies of the official
256-page "Comprehensive Report on the Operations of Task
Force 4998-A and the Ice Cap Detachment in Greenland, 1942-44,"
including 149 photographs of the activities of the Army Air Force
weather reporting and rescue operations.
DALRYMPLE, PAUL. Papers, 1955-75, including
journals, radio communications, meteorological data, and other
papers. The following entries are specifically related to meteorology:
(Entry 1) Antarctic Journal, 1957-58; 3 in. 2 vols.; arranged chronologically. Daily journals kept by Dalrymple at Little America, 1957, and South Pole Station, 1957-58, that contain information about his activities as a meteorologist as well as other station activities.
(Entry 2) Antarctic Radio Communications, 1957-58; 1 in.; arranged chronologically. These are copies of radio communications sent by Dalrymple from Little America and South Pole Stations and received from the Quartermaster Corps Research and Development Command at Natick, MA and the headquarters of the International Geophysical Year at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. The messages discuss Dalrymple's meteorological program, maintenance of the instruments, data collected, personnel movement, and other station activities.
(Entry 3) Little America and South Pole Station Meteorological Data, 1957-58; 5 feet, 10 bound volumes; arranged by type of item and thereunder by name of station and type of observation. Bound volumes consist of Dalrymple's meteorological and micro-meteorological data recorded at Little America and South Pole Station. The Little America data includes information on the operation and maintenance of the Beckman and Whitley anemometer and the Friez anemometer with data recorded for wind profiles Feb.-June 1957, and March-Sept. 1957; thermohm observation data, June-Oct. 1957; and a set of instructions for the operation and maintenance of the Backman and Whitley six-channel recorder unit. Bound volumes of data taken at South Pole Station contain notes on instrumentation, maintenance, and data collected for a micro-meteorological study, June-Nov. 1958; thermohm data, Dec.-Oct. 1957; wind profile data, Dec. 1957-Nov. 1958; and temperature gradient (RAOBS) chart data, Jan.-Dec. 1958. Also included are original temperature profile charts recorded at Little America and South Pole Station related to the Quartermaster Corps' micro-meteorological study for the IGY glaciology program in Antarctica, 1957-58. Temperature profiles were measured with very fine gauge copper-constant thermocouples at 7 depths: (-800, -250, -50, -25, -10, -5, -2 cm), surface, and 9 heights: (3, 6, 12, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 cm) on a 20 point Leeds and Northrup Speedomax AZAR recording potentiometer. There are 14 charts selected by Dalrymple for their micro-meteorological interest recorded at Little America, April-October 1957. The remaining 60 charts were recorded at South Pole Station 3 Feb.-22 Nov. 1958.
(Entry 5) South Pole Station Sound Recordings, 1958; 6 items; arranged by reel number. Tape recorded radio conversations with Dalrymple's family.
(Entry 6) Published Scientific Data, 1961; 1 in. A report by Dalrymple, South Pole Micro-meteorology Program: Part I: Data Presentation, Headquarters, Quartermaster Research and Engineering Command, U.S. Army, Earth Sciences Division, Technical Report ES-2 (1961).
(Entry 7) Papers Relating to the U.S. Army
Engineer Topographic Laboratories, 1975; 2 in.; arranged chronologically.
Includes a proposal received and letter sent by Dalrymple relating
to the construction of a permanent clean air monitoring facility
at the South Pole Station, June-July 1975.
DAVIDSON, JAMES. Collection, 1892-1904. Includes
several diary entries, a small amount of correspondence (some
with R.E. Peary), and sketches. Notable sketches include: "Baldwin,
The Weather Prophet," and "Members of the Second Party
Greenland Expedition, 1893-94."
DAVIES, DR. FRANK T. Papers. 1928-30. (Byrd Antarctic Expedition I). 4x5" prints and negatives copied from Davies' 2x2" glass slides.
27. Taking theodolite reading or tracking weather balloon.
28. Tracking weather balloon from meteorological shelter.
29. Ready to launch weather kite.
30. Frost covered theodolite.
DEMAS, EPAMINONDAS J. Papers. 1933-35.
Byrd Antarctic Expedition (BAE) II Photographs:
19. Admiral Byrd emerging out of the trap door of his Advance Base House buried in the snow. In background is seen the weather instrument housing the anemometer pole, and in foreground is the concentric circles through which meteors were observed to plot their direction.
23. Scientific Instruments in Poulter's lab at Little America (BAE II).
48. Vertical shaft dug to measure temperature gradient of the snow and the frozen Bay. It was 35 feet to the sea level point and another 10 feet in the Bay Ice. It got warmer as the depth increased. Transcription of a Tape Recording by Mr. Epaminondas J. Demas.
35. Seems to be a picture of the kite house,
the meteorologists used to house the kites for the upper atmosphere
soundings. William Cassius Haines was the chief meteorologist
who was also with the North Pole Expedition, and Henry T. Harrison
was his assistant. Henry T. Harrison can be remembered from the
film on Byrd at the South Pole, he was the one that was hanging
on a rope when the Barrier broke, smoking a cigarette, and viewing
the rescue going on, of Benjamin Roth who had fallen into the
DORSEY, HERBERT G. Papers, 1939-41. Meteorological
data from East Base and Plateau Station, USAS, Antarctica.
EKLUND, DR. CARL R. "Southern Sledding Journey" 1940-41. Photographs that go with the field diary.
17. Infra-red shot of radio aerials and meteorological
instruments showing hoarfrost on liner. Temperature -37 below
ELLSWORTH, LINCOLN. Papers and Other Historical
Materials, 1896-1974. Ellsworth had previously met Roald Amundsen,
the Norwegian polar explorer, in France, and when Amundsen visited
new York City in 1925, Ellsworth offered his services and financial
assistance for what became an unsuccessful attempt to fly to the
North Pole in two Dornier-Wal flying boats. A second attempt in
1926 in the airship "Norge" under the leadership of
Amundsen, Ellsworth, and Umberto Mobile resulted in the first
crossing of the polar sea during the flight from the Spitbergen
across the North Pole to Alaska.
GRIMMINGER, GEORGE. Papers
1. Copies of Newspaper Clippings. 1933, 1935. 6 items. Arranged chronologically. Copies of newspaper clippings about Grimminger, meteorology, and the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1933-35, from the Washington Post (September 12, 1933), (Washington) Evening Star (September 13, 1933), The New York Times (May 19 and 26, 1935), Christian Science Monitor (October 8, 1935), and an unidentified newspaper.
3. Meteorological and Other Scientific Publications.
1933-59. 3 inc. Arranged chronologically. Copies of publications
by Grimminger or to which he contributed, prior to the Byrd Antarctic
Expedition, 1933-1935, and his published expedition work. Also
included is a list of Grimminger's publications and reports, 1933-52.
HAINES, WILLIAM C. Papers. Printed Material.
Primarily related to meteorology and polar subjects.
HARRISON, HENRY T. Papers. 1 Diary Relating
to the Byrd Antarctic Expedition. 1928-30. 1 bound volume. This
diary contains daily noted on Harrison's activities as expedition
aerologist while en route to and from Antarctica and while at
Little America. The diary includes comments on his meteorological
studies and current weather conditions.
HUBBARD, COL. CHARLES J. Papers. (1902-1950).
1946-1950. Chief, Arctic Section, U.S. Weather Bureau. The Polar Record, VI (January 1951-July 1953), 280. Who Was Who in America, III (1951-1960), 424. The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, XXXIX, 518-519. The New York Times, August 2, 1950, 1:2 & 19:3-5.
1-2. BIOGRAPHICAL. 1932-1955. 2 containers.
3-4. LOG BOOKS, DIARIES, AND NOTEBOOKS. 1931-1950. 2 containers.
5. REPORTS. 1941-1950. 1 container (11 items).
"Analysis of Possible Arctic Operations May 1946 to July 1, 1947"
"Arctic Activities-Summer 1947, and Establishment of Resolute Bay Station"
"1950 Plans For Resupply of Joint United States-Canadian Weather Station"
"Report on Airlift Operations Spring 1950 to Joint Canadian United States Weather Stations."
Photograph Album: "Installation of Station Thule, Summer 1946"
6-7. PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS. 1936-48. 2 containers.
LINDSEY, DR. ALTON A.
Box 3. Expeditions. Byrd Antarctic Expedition I, 1928-30. Meteorograph.
OSCANYAN, COLONEL PAUL C. Papers.
8. PAPERS RELATING TO WORLD WAR II. ca. 1942-43. 1 inch. Arranged by type of item. These papers relate to Oscanyan's service in the Army Air Corps in Greenland during World War II. Included are copies of Weather Graphs from Bluie West Eight, January-March 1942.
Photographs. 332. Weather Balloon.
PEARY, ROBERT E. Expedition Records in the Private Papers of Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary, USN (1856-1920). Arctic Expedition Papers. The following lists the Peary Arctic Expeditions, their dates, and the quantity of papers described in this series.
1. Greenland Reconnaissance. 1886, 5 in.
2. Greenland Expedition. 1891-92. 15 in.
Box 2, Scientific Papers and Diary of John Verhoeff.
Box 3. Meteorological and Other Scientific Observations.
3. Greenland Expedition. 1893-95. 24 in.
Box 2, Scientific Papers of Evelyn Briggs Baldwin, meteorologist.
A. Auroral Notes for November 16, 1893-February 27, 1894 (handwritten and typed copies). B. "Baldwin's Meteorological Notes" for August 3, 1893-August 1, 1894--Report of August 15, 1894. C. Report of August 4, 1894--inventory of meteorological equipment. D. Report of August 7, 1894, re-equinoctial storm during inland Ice trip of March.
Box 3. Scientific Papers of Baldwin.
Meteorological observation cards for August 1893 - August 1894 (13 packets). Notebook of Meteorological Tables by Henry Allen (Washington, D.C.: 1888). Barograph and thermograph sheets (recordings) for 1894 and 1895. Monthly records of meteorological observations Anniversary Lodge, Bowdoin Bay, August 1893-July 1894 (13 record books).
4. Greenland Expedition. 1896. 4 in.
5. Greenland Expedition. 1897. 2 in.
6. Greenland Expedition. 1898-1902. 24 in.
7. North Pole Expedition. 1905-06. 10 in.
8. North Pole Expedition. 1908-09. 15 in.
Box I. Temperature Records for September 1908-April 1909. Meteorological Notes, 1908-09. Notes on Soundings.
The types of papers included in the series
above are the following:
C. Diaries, Journals and Logs which contain inserted loose notes on weather and other scientific observations.
D. Scientific Papers.
These include scientific data, narrative expedition reports and memoranda on scientific equipment, data for meteorological, auroral, tidal, and ocean bottom studies.
Members of the expeditions included:
Evelyn B. Baldwin - meteorologist, 1893-94.
John Verhoeff - Meteorologist, mineralogist, 1893-94.
Also in the Peary collection are:
PAPERS RELATING TO THE NICARAGUA CANAL SURVEY.
1879-1901. 2 feet. These records document Peary's first assignment
as a civil engineer in Nicaragua. Arranged by date of survey
and thereunder by type of item. The survey field records include
meteorological observations, 1887-88. Cf. RG-185.
POULTER, THOMAS C., Papers.
Dr. Poulter was second in command and senior
scientist in charge of the scientific program of Byrd's Second
Antarctic Expedition, 1933-35; and designer of the Antarctic snow
cruiser and scientific adviser to the United States Antarctic
Service expedition, 1939-1941. 1. Biography. 2. Awards. 3. Correspondence.
4. Publications. Significant among the publications is his "Outline
of the Scientific Accomplishments of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition
RONNE, CAPTAIN FINN (USN Ret.). Family Collection.
Expeditions. 10. United Antarctic Service, 1939-1941. Herbert Dorsey (?): "Meteorology at East Base of U.S. Antarctic Expedition, 1939-1941;" 14. International Geophysical Year - National Academy of Sciences Ellsworth Station, Antarctica, 1956-1958: Plans and location (map); correspondence and other communication with North American Newspaper Alliance; press releases; press releases revised by Edith Ronne; radio and related messages; menus; intra- and inter- station memoranda and related correspondence; U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, 1956-1957; official report by Captain Finn Ronne of Ellsworth Station, 1956-1958; post expedition memos and dispatches.
RUBIN, MORTON J., Historical Materials.
1. Photographs Relating to Antarctic Meteorological Activities. 1956-59. 1,632 items. Arranged chronologically and thereunder numerically. These photographs are in three sub-series. 1) Photographs taken between November 1956 and March 1957 in connection with Mr. Rubin's work to establish a U.S. weather central in the Antarctic, consisting of 35 mm black and white slides. 2) Photographs taken between October 1957 and February 1959 in connection with Mr. Rubin's duties as a meteorologist in Mirny, an International Geophysical Year Station established by the U.S.S.R. 3) Other photographs.
SCHNEIDER, LEONARD R., Papers.
1. Publications Relating to the University of Michigan Greenland Expeditions. 1928-31. 1 in. Arranged chronologically. Schneider's writings on meteorological studies. 2. Photographs of the University of Michigan Greenland Expedition. 1928-29. 47 items. Arranged numerically. Black and white prints include views of expedition personnel, scientific equipment. 3. Scrapbook Relating to Greenland Research Expeditions. 1927-1968. 1 in. 1929-31.
SEELIG, WALTER R., Papers.
1. Biographical Material. 1932-74. 3 inches. Arranged by type of item and thereunder chronologically. 2. Photographs Relating to Biographical Material. 1954-74. 11 photographs. Arranged chronologically. 4. Papers Relating to National Science Foundation Antarctic Research Programs. 1955-77. 3 linear feet. Arranged by subject. These papers consist of office files maintained by Seelig in relation to his activities as a member of the staff of the National Science Foundation's Office of Antarctic programs and Office of Polar Programs. Copies of minutes of meetings, reports, memoranda, diary notes, and correspondence between the Bureau of the Budget, national Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Antarctic Projects Office, and the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Polar Research relating to inter-agency coordination of Antarctic mapping programs, 1954-67. Papers and other historical material about Seelig's activities as coordinator of the US-Soviet Antarctic scientific exchange program. Files relating to satellite observations. ESSA weather satellites, including Nimbus, 1961-66. 8. Antarctic Photographs. 1959-77. 251 photographs. Arranged by subject. Photographs relating to the US-USSR scientist exchange program, 1967. Related records are in RG-307.
SULLIVAN, PAUL. Papers, 1919-58, including
notes, manuscript maps (ca. 50 items), and photographs (ca. 50
items) relating to the research, compilation, and printing of
The Dynamic North, Canadian North, and Meteorology
of the Arctic (3 lin. ft.).
THOMAS, CHARLES WARD. Papers.
Papers Relating to Coast Guard Service. 1921-70. 1 ft. Arranged by type of document, as described. A 263-page typed carbon copy of a diary in German recounting the activities of a German meteorological station (Bassgeiger) on the northeast Greenland coast from August 14, 1943, to June 3, 1944.
U.S. ANTARCTIC SERVICE EXPEDITION 1939-1941.
Pictures taken by Shirley using the 7x7" hand-held aerial camera.
#1- Black weather balloon shed in foreground.
#11 - looking toward the weather balloon shed and camp area.
#21 - View of weather instruments in foreground - camp in background.
WNET/13. Historical Materials Donated by WNET/13
Educational Broadcasting Corporation. The Last Continent
- Antarctica 1958 & 1959. Host: Dr. L. Gould, President
of Carleton College & Chairman, US-IGY Committee on Antarctica.
Produced by KDKA-TV for the Educational Television & Radio
Center. 16 mm Black & White Sound.
#1 Generalized Statement on IGY & Antarctica (3 reels).
#2 History of Antarctica (3 reels).
#5 Oceanography (3 reels).
#6 Meteorology (3 reels).
#10 Upper Atmosphere Studies (3 reels)
RG-404. RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY
PI #185, compiled
by Stanley P. Tozeski, Chief, USMA Archives (Washington: 1976).
The origin of the present-day Military Academy
stems from an act approved by Congress on March 16, 1802. This
act divided the single Corps of Artillerists and Engineers into
two separate corps. The Corps of Engineers, consisting of 7 officers
and 10 cadets, was to remain at West Point and would constitute
a military academy. As in the tradition regimental school, the
officers were the first instructors and the Engineer cadets (cadets
from other branches were initially not included) comprised the
first student body. The new Military Academy was placed under
the general supervision of the Secretary of War and began operation
on July 4, 1802. Its first class, consisting of two members,
was graduated on October 12, 1802.
Until the Civil War the Military Academy served a dual purpose - as the national military school and as a school of civil engineering. By 1866, however, this unique mission had been changed with the establishment of the land-grant colleges, which provided for training in military tactics as well as in agriculture and the mechanical arts, and with the opening of other technical and engineering schools. This development, together with the broadening military responsibilities and scope of instruction at the Academy itself, led to the passage of an act on June 16, 1866, that removed the institution from the control of the Corps of Engineers and returned it to the supervision of the Secretary of War. The act recognized that the Academy was no longer a school of engineering and that cadets were being trained for all branches of the service. Additionally, officers from all these branches now became eligible for the position of Superintendent of the Military Academy.
Records of the Office of the Deputy Chief
Personnel and Administration, 1800-1974
Adjutant General Division. Orders and Other Issuances
165. ORDERS PERTAINING TO THE U.S. MILITARY
ACADEMY. Sept. 1817-Aug. 1842. 8 vols. 2 ft. Arranged chronologically.
166. NAME AND SUBJECT INDEXES TO ENTRY 167. 1838-1904. 14 vols. 1 ft.
167. POST ORDERS. 1838-1904. 16 vols. 3 ft. Arranged chronologically. For name and subject indexes, see entry 166.
Medical Department Activity
304. SANITARY REPORTS. 1868-1913. 6 vols.
10 in. Arranged chronologically. Volumes 2 (1874-88) and 4 (1893-97)
contain a subject index. Volumes 5 (1897-1906) and 6 (1906-13)
contain a name index to births. Fair copies of weekly, monthly,
semiannual, and annual narrative and statistical reports, with
related endorsements prepared by the Academy Surgeon or his assistants.
The originals of the reports were submitted to Headquarters,
USMA, and forwarded to the Surgeon General of the Army. Volume
1 contains an extensive description of West Point in 1868 that
includes historical, geographical, zoological, geological, botanical,
and meteorological data. Other volumes in this series contain
similar, but less extensive, reports for subsequent years.
310. "HISTORY OF THE ARMY MEDICAL SERVICE AT THE U.S.M.A.," 1950. 1 vol. 2 in. An unpublished history of the medical services provided at West Point and the U.S. Military Academy from 1788 through 1950. Compiled by the Medical Department staff.
RG-405. RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES NAVAL
compiled by Geraldine N. Phillips and Aloha South (Washington:
76. LOGBOOK ("JOURNAL") OF A SUMMER PRACTICE CRUISE ABOARD THE PRACTICE SHIP U.S.S. PLYMOUTH. June-Aug. 1859. 1 vol. 3/4 in. Arranged chronologically. Logbook of the cruise that included calls at Plymouth, England; Brest, France; and Funchal, Madeira Islands. Sailing information includes number of knots, soundings, courses, winds, weather, temperature, barometric pressure, latitude and longitude readings and remarks concerning the voyage.
77. IDEM. June-Sept. 1860. 1 vol. 1 in.