PI #83 compiled by Virgil E. Baugh (Washington: 1955).
1. AUTHOR INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1907-43. 55 ft.
2. SUBJECT INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1907-43. 255 ft.
3. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE EXTENSION SERVICE AND ITS PREDECESSORS. June 1907-June 1943. 402 ft.
4. MANUAL AND INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. n.d. 2 loose-leaf notebooks. 3 in.
5. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. July 1943-June 1946. 57 ft.
Subjects covered include Drought, Hail, Floods, Forecasts, Storms, Weather, and Wind.
Records Relating to Departmental Participation in Fairs and Expositions, as follows:
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893
Cotton States and International Exposition, Atlanta, Ga., 1895
Tennessee Centennial Exposition, Nashville, 1897
Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, Omaha, Nebr., 1898
Paris Universal Exposition, 1900
Pan American Exposition, Buffalo, N.Y., 1901
South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition, Charleston, S.C., 1901-2
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, Mo., 1904
Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, 1907
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, Seattle, Wash., 1909. Exhibits were also made by the Weather Bureau
National Ecuadorian Exposition. Quito, Ecuador, 1909
23. LIST OF EXHIBITS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. n.d. Negligible. This list is by bureaus and divisions and describes in some detail each individual exhibit.
Other records documenting the Department's participation in fairs and exposition are to be found among records of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture (RG-16), and the Weather Bureau (RG-27).
The Department of Agriculture was one of the first agencies of the Government to use motion pictures to inform the public, experimenting in this field as early as 1913.
53. EXTENSION SERVICE COLLECTION OF EARLY MOTION PICTURES. 1913-37.
726 reels. 121 cu. ft.
54. STILL-PICTURE NEGATIVES. 1906-36. 10 cu. ft.
Other Records. 1905-44. 49 lin. ft.
Records of the Puerto Rican Hurricane Relief Commission
Audiovisual Records. 1906-52. 5,565 items
Motion pictures, 1913-52 (565 reels), including Weather Bureau work
RG-37. RECORDS OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE.
PI #39, compiled by Walter W. Weinstein (1952).
The Hydrographic Office is a service agency that collects, examines, and disseminates hydrographic and navigational information for the benefit of the Navy, the merchant marine, and other navigators. The Office provides this information in the form of nautical charts, sailing directions, meteorological charts, and other publications. The Office also conducts research in oceanography.
Hydrographic work has been conducted under the following agencies: the Depot of Charts and Instruments (1830), the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography (1842), the U.S. Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office (1854), the Bureau of Navigation (1862), the Bureau of Equipment (1889), the Bureau of Navigation (1910), and the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (1942). Notable early directors who were involved in meteorology include Matthew F. Maury and Charles H. Davis.
GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE. 1862-1945. 384 lin.
These comprise letters received, some by the U.S. Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office, 1862-1920; letters sent, 1866-1909; reports, correspondence, and memorandums, 1885-1924; general correspondence, 1924-45; and related registers and indexes.
RECORDS OF EXPLORING EXPEDITIONS AND HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYS. 1837-1946.
1,046 lin. ft.
Included are journals and logs kept by members of the Wilkes Expedition, which circumnavigated the globe and explored the Antarctic, the Pacific Islands, and the northwest coast of the United States, 1838-42. Available on Microfilm # M-75.
DIVISIONAL RECORDS. 1903-10. 5 lin. ft.
These consist of Division of Chart Construction memorandums sent to the Hydrographer ("Memo A") and an office file of the Chief of the Division of Pilot Charts and Branch Offices, relating to the controversy between the Hydrographic Office and the Weather Bureau that concerned publishing, printing, and distributing meteorological data and pilot and navigational charts.
OTHER RECORDS. 1855-1937. 11 lin. ft.
Among these are correspondence concerning Lt. Matthew F. Maury, USN, who was relieved from duty by the "Plucking Board" of 1855.
60. WEATHER REPORTS. 1888-98. 11 in.
Reports submitted by ships at sea to branch hydrographic offices and forwarded to the Hydrographic Office. These include reports of storms, gales, fog, and hurricanes, giving location, date, time, direction, barometer reading, and related data. The series is arranged chronologically.
61. REPORTS ON WATERSPOUTS. 1888-99. 3 in.
Reports submitted by ships at sea to branch hydrographic offices, giving latitude, longitude, date, time, and other information regarding waterspouts. Arranged chronologically.
63. OCEAN CURRENT REPORTS. 1889-1903. 1 in.
Reports giving location, rate, and direction of current, date, and time. Arranged chronologically.
Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1838-1968. 114,493 items.
Among chart enclosures are manuscript and annotated maps that relate to the North Atlantic ice patrol, such explorations as Adm. Robert E. Peary's Arctic exploration, 1893-1903, weather studies, and ship disasters; and charts published by the Maritime Safety Division, 1852-1950, that relate to sea and atmospheric conditions, including M. F. Maury's "Wind and Current Charts," 1848-52, and meteorological charts, 1883-84.
NM-49, Supplement to PI #39 compiled by Harry Schwartz
The volume of records in this record group has been increased to 1,712 cubic feet, compared with 1,598 cubic feet reported in the original issuance in 1952. The records of the Hydrographic Office (renamed the Naval Oceanographic Office on July 10, 1962) now in the National Archives cover generally the period 1842-1945.
Records of Office Divisions, 1903-10
Division of Pilot Charts and Branch Offices
360. OFFICE FILE OF THE CHIEF OF THE DIVISION, ROBERT L. LERCH, RELATING TO THE "H.O.-WEATHER BUREAU CONTROVERSY." 1903-10. 4 in. Arranged chronologically.
SL-43. United States Hydrographic Office Manuscript Charts in the National Archives, 1838-1908, compiled by William J. Heynen (Washington: 1978).
This list describes 4,910 manuscript hydrographic and oceanographic survey charts and other cartographic records accumulated as part of the pre-1908 archives of the Hydrographic Office and its predecessor agencies. These records are part of Records of the Hydrographic Office, Record Group 37.
1. U.S. EXPLORING EXPEDITION. 1838-42.
1 item. "Chart of the World Showing the Tracks of the U.S. Exploring Expedition in 1838, 39, 40, 41 & 42. Charles Wilkes Esq. Commanding." Printed chart, marked Hydrographic Office chart No. 69, showing tracks of the ships Vincennes, Peacock, Porpoise, Flying Fish, Oregon and Relief and symbols indicating currents, winds, and isothermal lines. Small scale.
A different version of the world track chart of the Wilkes expedition, at larger scale and on four sheets, is filed with Records of the office of the Chief of Engineers, Record Group 77, file Misc-30, sheets 43-46.
2. PERRY EXPEDITION TO JAPAN. 1853-54
1 item (2 sections). Chart of the World showing (sic) the Track of the U.S. steam frigates Mississippi, Susquehanna and Powhatan, as Flagships of the Japan Squadron, under command of Commodore M. C. Perry, U.S.N. 1853-54. Dates and wind directions are indicated. Small scale.
Track charts generally show routes, dates of voyages, and symbols indicating winds and currents encountered. Some also show (on front or reverse) statistical tables giving temperature, pressure, fuel expended, sightings, and other remarks; names of officers, number of crew; size of ship; and steam or sail characteristics.
Track charts for 19 ships dated 1845-1882 are listed.
U.S. EXPLORING EXPEDITION TO THE ATLANTIC. 1838. 1 item.
"Chart of the Track of the Exploring Expedition from the U. States to Rio de Janeiro In search of Various Shoals & (?) on the route Shewing the Winds, Currents, Variation, and Mean Tem. Air & Water." 1838. Drawn by Lt. J. Alden and P.M.W. May. Manuscript chart showing routes of the U.S. ships Vincennes, Porpoise, peacock, and Relief. Approx. 1:13,000,000. (filed as 142.2,#2)
TRACK CHARTS OF NORTH ATLANTIC (MAURY'S WIND AND CURRENT CHARTS). Ca.
1849. 5 items.
Printed charts of sections of the North Atlantic series A (track charts), Nos. 6-8 (with duplicates), annotated with additional tracks. The charts show winds reported along tracks of voyages. Small scale. (Filed as 141.35, #1-#5)
ISOTHERMAL CHARTS OF SOUTH ATLANTIC (MAURY'S WIND AND CURRENT CHARTS).
Ca. 1855. 6 items.
Rough original sheets used for plotting temperature information, with notes to the engraver. Sheet 1 contains a list of abstract logs examined for the isothermal charts South Atlantic Ocean... identified by number of log. Small scale. (Filed as 342.6, #1-#6)
BATHYMETRIC SKETCH CHART OF THE ATLANTIC. 1874. 1 item.
Small chart on tracing cloth of the North and South Atlantic based on soundings of the H.M.S. Challenger. Shows 1000 fathom curves and temperature information. Small scale. (Filed as 543.8)
Track charts for 32 shops between 1857 and 1904 are listed.
TRACK CHARTS OF THE U.S. NORTH PACIFIC SURVEYING EXPEDITION OF 1853-56 AND THE BROOKE EXPEDITION OF 1859. 1853-59. 4 items. Printed charts showing tracks of the U.S. ships Vincennes, John Hancock, and Fenimore Cooper during the U. S. North Pacific Surveying Expedition commanded by John Rodgers. Sheet 1 is annotated with red and blue lines showing the tracks of the Fenimore Cooper during the Brooke expedition of 1859 and of the Japanese corvette that brought home the American officers and crew after their ship was wrecked. Small scale. (Filed as 142.21, #V-1, sheets s1-4)
TRACK CHARTS OF NORTH AND SOUTH PACIFIC (MAURY'S WIND AND CURRENT CHARTS).
Ca. 1856. 14 items.
Printed charts, annotated in colors of the North Pacific, series A (track charts), Nos. 3, 6, and 7, and of the South Pacific (some are duplicates), series A No. 5, showing winds reported along tracks of numerous ships and names and dates of voyages. Small scale. (Filed as 272.29, #2-6c).
DEEP-SEA SOUNDINGS FROM JAPAN TO KAMCHATKA, THE ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, AND THE WEST COAST OF THE UNITED STATES. 1874. 10 items. Track chart shoeing four lines of deep-sea soundings on great circle routes from Tokyo (Yedo) Bay, Japan, to Tanaga and Atka Islands, the Aleutians, and to Cape Flattery, Was.; general track chart and a profile of depths from Yokohama to Tanaga Island; profile of depths on the great circle route from Point Komoto, Japan, towards the Aleutian Islands; graph showing temperature curves along the coasts of Japan, the Kurile Islands, and the Aleutian Islands; copy of published H.O. chart No. 68 of the Bering Sea vicinity, annotated to show a line of soundings from Kamchatka to the Aleutian Islands; profile chart showing surface and deep-sea temperatures between Kamchatka and the Aleutian Islands as isothermic lines; profile chart showing "cold water stratum" from Kamchatka to the Aleutian Islands, in two sections; profile sheet showing depths and temperatures from Tanaga Island, the Aleutians, to Cape Flattery, Wash., and chart showing the course of the Japanese Current in the Alaska-California region, as traced by the U.S.S. Tuscarora. Small scale. (Filed as 381.20, #1-4, #5c, #10c-13c, and #15c).
Includes information from 18 voyages dated 1867-1901.
PLOTTING SHEET FOR A PILOT CHART OF THE NORTH INDIAN OCEAN (MAURY'S
WIND AND CURRENT CHART). 1855-56. 1 item.
Original manuscript plotting sheet, by Lieutenants Fitzgerald and West, divided into squares. Marks placed in each square indicate the occurrences of winds from various directions at given dates and positions as reported by ship captains. Small scale. (Filed as 443.21).
PILOT CHARTS OF THE NORTH INDIAN OCEAN (MAURY'S WIND AND CURRENT CHARTS). 1855-56. 2 items. Two versions, a manuscript chart and a proof sheet, developed from the plotting sheet described in entry 425. Both show a series of wind roses and prevalent winds over a period of years for each of numerous parts of the ocean. Small scale. (Filed as 272.29, #1a and #1b).
ARABIAN SEA CURRENT CHART. 1883. 1 item.
Manuscript chart based on the logs of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga and barks Glide and Taria Topan and apparently prepared in the Hydrographic Office. Colored arrows show dates, directions, and force of currents. 1:10,000,000. (Filed as 473.13).
South Central Alaska
SITKA HURRICANE. 1880. 2 items.
Chart, on tracing paper, showing the track of the hurricane of October 26, 1880, through Sitka Sound, and graph showing "barometric action during Sitka Hurricane." 1 inch to approx. 16 nautical miles. Source: U.S.S. Jamestown (Filed as 183.10)
GREAT LAKES (EXCEPT CANADIAN SHORE) (See also Canada)
PILOT CHART OF THE GREAT LAKES. 1894. 1 item.
Printed Hydrographic Office pilot chart of the Great Lakes, annotated with small corrections by the Department of Marine and Fisheries, Canada. The base chart contains information about weather, locations and dimensions of locks and canals, and rules for the use of oil to protect vessels in stormy waters. 1 inch to approx. 25 nautical miles. (Filed as 143.50)
WEATHER BUREAU METEOROLOGICAL CHARTS OF THE GREAT LAKES. 1897-98. 2 items. Sample copies of charts printed in November 1896 and April 1898. Reverse sides contain addresses of numerous wind-signal stations. 1:2,5000,000. (Filed as 2101.15, #1 and #2; similar charts are filed among Records of the Weather Bureau, Record Group 27.)
Central American and the Caribbean
METEOROLOGICAL CHART. 1875, 1 item. Chart for February, March, and April 1875 compiled by Lt. S.C. Paine and prepared as a plate for a published report of the Collins expedition. (Filed as 243.52, #58) for a Central American Canal route.
CARIBBEAN SEA AND GULF OF MEXICO. WEST INDIA HURRICANE TRACK CHART. 1866. 1 item. Chart, printed by the British Admiralty showing the track of the West Indian Hurricane through the Caribbean in September came through the Caribbean in September and October 1866, as noted during a voyage of H.M. S. Nimble. It is annotated to show the place off the U.S. coast where the ship Evening Star foundered. Note on the reverse side indicates that it was forwarded at the request of the Secretary of State. Small scale. (Filed as 243.27).
SURVEY OF WINDS AND CURRENTS IN THE GULF OF MEXICO. 1874-78 and 1893. 1 item. Published chart of the Gulf of Mexico (Coast and Geodetic Survey chart D, dated 1885), annotated with symbols relating to winds and currents and with notes relating to procedures used during the survey. The survey was conducted in 1874-78; information added to the chart was copied from soundings books and sheets in 1893. Small scale. Source: U.S. Coast Survey steamer Blake, commanded by Lt. Comdr. C.D. Sigsbee, USN. (Filed as 262.43)
Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean
PORT GRAO (HARBOR FOR VALENCIA). EAST COAST OF SPAIN. 1873. 4 items. Four manuscript plans, originally from a U.S. consular report, forwarded as part of a report by the U.S.S. Alaska- "old" and "new" plans of the harbor, showing the effect of currents and wind from the northeast; general plan of the harbor and adjacent topography; and chart of the Gulf of Valencia showing the location of Port Grao. Scales vary. (Filed as 462.28, #1-#4)
STORM SIGNAL STATIONS OF THE CHINA COAST METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE. 1907. 1 item. Small printed map of China, Japan, and Indochina showing locations of storm signal stations receiving telegraphic warnings from the observatory at Zi-ka-wei. Small scale. (Filed as 2101.36).
Australia and New Zealand
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND. 1886. 1 item.
Printed sample weather chart (received from the U.S. S. Enterprise) of the type used by the Colonial Museum of New Zealand and the intercolonial Weather Exchange. It shows telegraph stations, lines, and submarine cables. Small scale. (Filed as 543.18).
METEOROLOGICAL PLOTTING SHEET. N.d. 1 item.
Blank copy of form A, a published chart of the world, divided into 1,667
squares for plotting meteorological data. It was prepared by the Meteorological
Division of the Hydrographic Office probably late in the 19th century.
(Filed as 142.57).
RG-38. RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS.
PI #85 Cartographic Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (Washington, 1955).
Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1884-1968. 8,988 items. Cartographic records (280 items) include an incomplete set of bound volumes of climatic charts of the world, prepared by the Naval Weather Service Division, 1955-68; and a published handbook relating to climate of the Northern Hemisphere, 1955.
Cartographic Records of the Office of Naval Intelligence.
GENERAL MAPS. 1936. 2 items.
A map by E.R. Wilson annotated to serve as an index to the airlines operating in Central and South America.
MAPS OF SOUTH AMERICA. 1917-35. 7 items.
A map of the world, dated 1935, annotated to show airlines serving South America with an attached copy of a report from the Military Intelligence Division, General Staff.
An undated map of the Western Hemisphere, with annotations possibly referring to airline routes.
MAPS OF BRAZIL. 1902-36. 5 items.
A map annotated in 1936 to show airlines operating in Brazil.