GHRAS SRCH   V

NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (RG 78-106)


RG-78. RECORDS OF THE NAVAL OBSERVATORY. 1840-1943.

NM #47 (supplement) compiled by Harry Schwartz (1965). 516 cubic ft.

Correspondence consisting of letters sent, 1842-1911, letters received, 1840-92, and correspondence, 1885-1943, with indexes. Some of these records relate to the work of Lt. (later Comdr.) Matthew F. Maury, Superintendent of the Depot and its successor office from 1842 to 1861, and concern astronomical, meteorological, and magnetic observations; collection of meteorological data by merchant vessels; production and distribution of sailing directions and wind and current charts; purchase, inspection, and issuance to the Navy of nautical instruments, charts, and books; and Maury's quasi-official activities, such as his travels, lectures, and proposals. Other records include the designs and development of scientific equipment; the manufacture, repair, and servicing of meteorological instruments; publications; and astronomical observations and reductions.

1A. SKETCH OF MATTHEW F. MAURY WRITTEN BY HIMSELF FOR A GERMAN PUBLICATION. 1852. 1 item.
22B. DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL INSTRUMENTS' JOURNAL OF ADMINISTRATIVE EVENTS. Sept. 16, 1918-Oct. 3, 1924. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.

RECORDS OF COMMANDS, ACTIVITIES, AND ORGANIZATION. 1917-42. 250 lin. ft. Contain weather information.

Related materials are located in RG-37.


RG-83. RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS.

PI #104 compiled by Vivian Wiser (Washington: 1958).

Introduction

The Bureau of Agricultural Economics was established on July 1, 1922, under authority of the Agricultural Appropriations Act for the fiscal year 1923 (42 St. 532). It was formed by merging the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates with the Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics and resulted in the consolidation of the economic research of the Department. The statistical functions of the Bureau may be traced to the 1839 act concerning the activities of the Patent Office (5 Stat. 354). This provided $1,000 for collecting and distributing seeds and plants and for obtaining statistical and other information on agriculture. The statistical work begun under authority of this act was continued and expanded by the Division of Statistics, set up soon after the Department of Agriculture was established, and by its successors, the Bureau of Statistics and the Bureau of Crop Estimates. This work later became an integral part of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. On November 2, 1953, by Secretary's Memorandum 1320, Supplement 4, the BAE was abolished. The work of the Divisions of Farm Management and Costs, Land Economics, and Agricultural Finance, and the farm labor work of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life were transferred to the Agricultural Marketing Service. In 1961 work in agricultural economics was centralized in the Economic Research Service. Related records can be found in RG-16, 114, 54, 95, 96, 145, 164, 166 and 187.

General Records

Records of the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates and Its Predecessors

1. NAME INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. May 1913-Jan. 1922. 26 ft.
2. SUBJECT INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. may 1913-Jan. 1922. 16 ft.

Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics

19. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1923-46. 1,846 ft. Correspondence relating to the administrative, planning, research, regulatory, service, and agricultural estimating and other statistical work of the Bureau. A list of subjects and studies dated 1941-46 includes the following entries: Investigation of the General Circulation of Atmosphere Including a Study of Extra Terrestrial Influences to Determine the Scientific Bases for Long-Range Weather Forecast; Investigation of Possibilities of Long-Range Weather and Crop Forecasting; Research in Statistical methods and Crop-Weather Relationships;
20. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. July 1, 1946-Oct. 31, 1953. 119 ft. Correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, and copies of speeches. Filing manuals and lists of records are available. Several special subject lists (Appendix II, parts A-D) include the following entries: Agricultural history, 1947-53; Agricultural Meteorology, 1948; Drought, 1948-53; Weather, 1947-53. The records are classified in accordance with the subject-numeric system of the Department of Agriculture.

Records Relating to Studies, Projects, and Surveys

33. PROJECT FILES. 1938-53. 76 ft. Correspondence, memoranda of understanding, reports, and related records documenting studies made by the Bureau. A list of subjects covered by these projects (Appendix III) includes the following entries: Division of Agricultural Finance, Insurance: Hail, Windstorm, Weather Risk.

Cartographic and Photographic Records

59. PHOTOGRAPHS OF CLOUD EFFECTS. 1900-1922. 4 in. Prints and negatives of clouds, used for superimposing on photographs of rural scenes. Unarranged.

Divisional Records

Records of Divisions Responsible for Agricultural Estimates

78. RECORDS RELATING TO CROP DAMAGE. 1919-37. 5 ft. Correspondence, statistical tabulations, and reports on damage to crops by frost, flood, drought, corn borers, and grasshoppers. Arranged chronologically.

Records of the Division of Agricultural Finance and Its Predecessors

109. RECORDS RELATING TO AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE. 1915-34. 8 ft. Correspondence and reference materials relating to various types of agricultural insurance, fire prevention, and pertinent State legislation. Most of the material predates 1930. Arranged alphabetically by subject. A list of subjects follows. Hail insurance, Foreign, By states; Lightning rods.

Records of the Division of Land Economics

178. RECORDS RELATING TO THE GREAT PLAINS DROUGHT AREA COMMITTEE AND THE GREAT PLAINS COMMITTEE. 1936-37. 10 in. 187.
187. RECORDS RELATING TO THE TRAIL SMELTER FUMES INVESTIGATIONS. 1926-37. 3 ft. These investigations were made to determine the damage to lands in the State of Washington by smelter fumes of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co., Trail, British Columbia. Because of the international nature of the controversy, the question was referred to the International Joint Commission and to the Arbitration Tribunal. The Department of Agriculture furnished technical assistance in determining the extent of the damage and its effect upon the economy of the area. W.W. Skinner and S.W. Griffin were appointed by the International Joint Commission to determine the amount of individual awards for damage done. Subject file includes entry entitled Weather. Related records are found in RG-54.

Records of the Flood Control Section

188. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1937-43. 9 ft. Correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, photographs, maps, and publications relating to legislation, policy, and procedure concerning flood control work; the evaluation of proposed projects; studies and survey s of areas in which projects were undertaken; and cooperation with other divisions of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and with other Government Departments. Arranged alphabetically by subject. A list of subject includes Flood Control, Hydrology, and Statistics.

Records of the Division of Statistical and Historical Research

224. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1917-46. 22 ft. Correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, and reference material accumulated in the office of Dr. O.C. Stine, head of the Division. The records are arranged alphabetically by subject. Subjects indexed include Weather and yield, 1928, 1938.
229. PERSONAL AND REFERENCE FILE OF HENRY C. TAYLOR. Accumulated 1939-46. 3 ft. Publications, speeches, reports, notes, and related correspondence pertaining to the history of agricultural economics, 1835-1946. The records are arranged alphabetically by name of person or by subject. Folder headings include an entry for Weather forecasting.

Cartographic Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics (Washington, 1971).

Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1896-53. 31,307 items. Cartographic records (4,600 items) include maps of the United States and foreign countries, relating to climate, irrigation, crops, and rural population, 1910-50, atlases, and graphs.

Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics

7. MAPS PREPARED FOR THE ATLAS OF AMERICAN AGRICULTURE RELATING TO CLIMATE. 1915-18. 27 items. Manuscript maps and worksheets prepared for sections of the atlas entitled Frost and the Growing Season, by William G. Reed, published in 1918, and Precipitation and Humidity, by J.B. Kincer, published in 1922. The maps were prepared in cooperation with F.J. Marschner. Included are large-scale base maps of the united States annotated according to Weather Bureau records to show average annual, seasonal. and monthly precipitation based on the 1895-1914 period; mean temperatures for the summer months; the average length of the frost-free season and data on the shortest growing season; and the earliest and average dates of the first killing frost in autumn and the earliest, average, and latest dates of the last killing frost in spring. In addition, there are three incomplete maps, one of which shows locations and altitudes of recording stations in the United States. Published copies of the two sections of the atlas are in Records of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture, Record Group 16.
26. RAINFALL MAPS OF SOUTH AMERICA 1918. 3 items Wall maps annotated with average precipitation figures and isolines for June through August, for December through February, and for the entries year. The year or years or which the information is based is not given. Compiled by E. Van Cleef.
28. MANUSCRIPT MAPS OF SOUTH AMERICA SHOWING POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND SETTLEMENTS, TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF AND RAINFALL, AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF CROPS AND LIVESTOCK. 1920-21. 15 items. Maps prepared for a Farm Management Department bulletin entitled Agricultural Competition from South America. A map showing relief, annual precipitation by means of isolines, and average monthly precipitation at Bogota, Colombia, Santa Fe and Cipolletti, Argentina, and Manaos, Cuyaba, Sabara, and Victoria, Brazil.

Central Office

69. RECORDS RELATING TO CLIMATIC STUDIES ca. 1931. 2 items.
A published panel of two maps of North Dakota comparing the distribution of precipitation to average wheat yields and a published panel of two graphs showing historical climatic conditions in the Harney Basin, Oreg., and at Harre, Mont., as indicated by the annual growth of tree rings from 1730 to 1930. The graphs relating to Oregon appeared in L.T. Jessup, Precipitation and Tree Growth in the Harney Basin, Oregon, Geographical Review (April 1935).
168. MAPS SHOWING GENERALIZED LAND RESOURCE AREAS OF THE UNITED STATES. Ca. 1953. 5 items. Included are manuscript, worksheet, and revised manuscript copies of a map prepared for publication and isopleth lines connecting points having an annual average of 140, 200, and 260 frost-free days. A slightly differing, small-scale version of the map accompanied an article by F.J. Marschner and C.P. Barnes entitled Our Wealth of Land Resources, published in the 1958 Yearbook of the Department of Agriculture.
172. MISCELLANEOUS MAPS COMPILED OR DRAFTED BY MARSCHNER. 1917- 57. 18 items. Included are manuscript, worksheet, and photographic negative versions of a base map of the United States showing State boundaries and drainage patterns.
180. MANUSCRIPT MAPS RELATING TO WATER SUPPLY IN THE 17 WESTERN STATES. ca. 1943. 12 items. Information is plotted on 1943 published base maps that indicate boundaries of natural surface water supply areas. Included are maps showing average warm season precipitation, 1899-1938, average frost-free growing period, Also included are two unfinished maps showing average annual runoff per square mile and net increment to stream flow by natural areas and a reference copy.
182. MANUSCRIPT AND PHOTOPROCESSED MAPS RELATING TO WATER FACILITIES PLANS IN THE WESTERN STATES. 1937-43. 75 items. Maps of watersheds and related areas prepared for water facilities area plans. Subjects shown include water and irrigation facilities, land use, landownership patterns, precipitation, and hydrology.
183. PUBLISHED MAPS AND GRAPHS RELATING TO WATER FACILITIES PLANS IN THE WESTERN STATES. 1939-42. 500 items. These maps are the cartographic portion of water facilities plans for drainage basins. Typical items relating to a single drainage basin include: an index map showing the location of the basin within one or more counties; a maps showing existing water facilities, such as irrigation canals, wells, pumping plants, windmills, stock tanks, pipelines, and existing and proposed reservoirs; graphs showing average temperature and precipitation; a map showing landownership patterns; and a map showing existing land use and proposed land use contingent on successful irrigation programs. Also included for a number of the drainage basins are maps and graphs relating to hydrology, soils, types of farming, land classification, vegetation cover, topography, and plans for future dams. Listed under Water-Land Resources and Problems in South Dakota are 15 maps and charts dated 1940 covering the entire State and showing precipitation, land utilization areas, ground water information, stream runoff and measuring stations, irrigation facilities , and areas with adequate range livestock water facilities.
184. MAP OF MISSOURI SHOWING EXISTING AND PROPOSED RESERVOIRS AND STREAM GAGING STATIONS. 1940. 1 item. Published by the Missouri Geological Survey and Water Resources.
185. MANUSCRIPT MAP SHOWING ARTESIAN AREAS IN EAST TEXAS. 1942. 1 item.
215. GRAPHS RELATING TO CLIMATE AND COTTON PRODUCTION IN FRESNO COUNTY CALIF. ca. 1942. 2 items. Two graphs labeled Figure 2 and Figure 3 showing by months from August to January the average percentage of cotton crop harvested and ginned, the amount of rainfall, and the average dates of the first killing frost. Part of a report; the years on which the information is based are not given on the graphs.

Division of Farm Management and Costs

226. CHART SHOWING HISTORICAL PRECIPITATION DATA IN NORTHEASTERN NEVADA. 1938. 1 item. Shows average monthly precipitation from 1911 to 1938. Based on data from seven stations at elevations of 6,100-7,100 feet.

Division of Land Economics

246. MANUSCRIPT MAPS OF ARIZONA RELATING TO PRECIPITATION AND GRAZING. ca. 1936-42. 2 items. Includes a map compiled under the direction of the State land commissioner showing normal precipitation in the period 1936-38.



RG-84. RECORDS OF SELECTED FOREIGN SERVICE POSTS.

PI #60, compiled by Alexander P. Mavro (Washington: 1953).

Great Britain

38. LISTS OF DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE HISTORY OF THE CAROLINAS ("INDEX TO CAROLINA PAPERS"). July 11-Aug. 2, 1827. 1 vol. 2 in. A chronological list of Board of Trade (London) records, Jan. 7, 1729-April 8, 1775, relating to the history of the Carolinas; a chronological list of books and papers in his Majesty's State Paper Office, Oct. 29, 1663-Jan. 21, 1757, relating to North Carolina.



RG-92. RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL, 1820-1952.

Contains a series of landform and climatic zone maps prepared by Erwin Raisz and Harry Hoy for the Military Planning Division relating to clothing requirements worldwide, 1943-1952.



RG-94. RECORDS OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, 1780S-1917.

Lt. Zebulon Pike's Notebook of Maps, Traverse Tables, and Meteorological Observations, 1805-1807, is available on one roll of microfilm, #T36.

Also contains records of the Pacific Railroad Surveys, 1853-1855.


RG-95. RECORDS OF THE FOREST SERVICE.

PI #18, compiled by Harold T. Pinkett, revised by Terry W. Good (Washington: 1969).

Records of the Forest Research Divisions, 1892-1954

112. CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PHENOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. 1911-13. 1 ft. In 1909 the Forest Service undertook to obtain through voluntary observers information on the time of leafing, flowering, and fruiting of forest trees. These records, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent, include letters and reports relative to the observations of these volunteers.

Records of the Division of Watershed Management Research, 1925-51

135. REPORTS AND STUDIES. 1925-51. 2 ft.

Relate to such subjects as research programs on climatic problems, soil stabilization, erosion control, and flood control. Some correspondence is included. Arranged by subject and thereunder by experiment station.

CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS OF THE FOREST SERVICE.

PI #167, compiled by Charlotte M. Ashby (1967).

General Cartographic Records

18. MAPS OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES SHOWING RAILROADS AND CANALS, 1840-1915. 1922. 1 item.

A panel of four manuscript maps showing railroads in operation in 1840, 1850, and 1860; and the canals and principal canalized rivers abandoned before 1915 and those in use in 1915. Names of railroads and canals are listed and keyed by number to the proper location on each map.

Records of National Forests Divisions

Division of Timber Management

94. PROJECT FILES OF THE DRAFTING AND ATLAS SECTION. Manuscript, photoprocessed, and published maps, graphs, charts, and related data. A chart dated 1947 showing the sunspot cycle for the period 1934 to 1960 and its relation to sunshine, temperatures, precipitation and average evapotranspiration. Records of the Division of Range management.
110. GRAPHS SHOWING THE RELATIONSHIP OF FORAGE PRODUCTION TO RAINFALL. 1940. 6 items. Separate graphs for each of several western locations covering the period from 1915 to 1940.



RG-106. RECORDS OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.

Records of the Smithsonian Meteorological Project, 1849-1874, are found in RG-27, Records of the Weather Bureau, and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1871-1950. 4,128 items.

CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (7 items) include isothermal maps by Charles A. Schott showing mean temperatures in the United States for 1874.


     
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