NM #47 (supplement)
compiled by Harry Schwartz (1965). 516 cubic ft.
Correspondence consisting of letters sent,
1842-1911, letters received, 1840-92, and correspondence, 1885-1943,
with indexes. Some of these records relate to the work of Lt.
(later Comdr.) Matthew F. Maury, Superintendent of the Depot and
its successor office from 1842 to 1861, and concern astronomical,
meteorological, and magnetic observations; collection of meteorological
data by merchant vessels; production and distribution of sailing
directions and wind and current charts; purchase, inspection,
and issuance to the Navy of nautical instruments, charts, and
books; and Maury's quasi-official activities, such as his travels,
lectures, and proposals. Other records include the designs and
development of scientific equipment; the manufacture, repair,
and servicing of meteorological instruments; publications; and
astronomical observations and reductions.
1A. SKETCH OF MATTHEW F. MAURY WRITTEN BY HIMSELF
FOR A GERMAN PUBLICATION. 1852. 1 item.
22B. DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL INSTRUMENTS' JOURNAL OF ADMINISTRATIVE EVENTS. Sept. 16, 1918-Oct. 3, 1924. 1 vol. 1 in. Arranged chronologically.
RECORDS OF COMMANDS, ACTIVITIES, AND ORGANIZATION.
1917-42. 250 lin. ft. Contain weather information.
Related materials are located in RG-37.
RG-83. RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL
PI #104 compiled
by Vivian Wiser (Washington: 1958).
The Bureau of Agricultural Economics was established
on July 1, 1922, under authority of the Agricultural Appropriations
Act for the fiscal year 1923 (42 St. 532). It was formed by merging
the Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates with the Office of Farm
Management and Farm Economics and resulted in the consolidation
of the economic research of the Department. The statistical functions
of the Bureau may be traced to the 1839 act concerning the activities
of the Patent Office (5 Stat. 354). This provided $1,000 for
collecting and distributing seeds and plants and for obtaining
statistical and other information on agriculture. The statistical
work begun under authority of this act was continued and expanded
by the Division of Statistics, set up soon after the Department
of Agriculture was established, and by its successors, the Bureau
of Statistics and the Bureau of Crop Estimates. This work later
became an integral part of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
On November 2, 1953, by Secretary's Memorandum 1320, Supplement
4, the BAE was abolished. The work of the Divisions of Farm Management
and Costs, Land Economics, and Agricultural Finance, and the farm
labor work of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life were
transferred to the Agricultural Marketing Service. In 1961 work
in agricultural economics was centralized in the Economic Research
Service. Related records can be found in RG-16, 114, 54, 95,
96, 145, 164, 166 and 187.
Records of the Bureau of Markets and Crop
Estimates and Its Predecessors
1. NAME INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. May
1913-Jan. 1922. 26 ft.
2. SUBJECT INDEX TO GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. may 1913-Jan. 1922. 16 ft.
Records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics
19. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1923-46. 1,846
ft. Correspondence relating to the administrative, planning, research,
regulatory, service, and agricultural estimating and other statistical
work of the Bureau. A list of subjects and studies dated 1941-46
includes the following entries: Investigation of the General Circulation
of Atmosphere Including a Study of Extra Terrestrial Influences
to Determine the Scientific Bases for Long-Range Weather Forecast;
Investigation of Possibilities of Long-Range Weather and Crop
Forecasting; Research in Statistical methods and Crop-Weather
20. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. July 1, 1946-Oct. 31, 1953. 119 ft. Correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, and copies of speeches. Filing manuals and lists of records are available. Several special subject lists (Appendix II, parts A-D) include the following entries: Agricultural history, 1947-53; Agricultural Meteorology, 1948; Drought, 1948-53; Weather, 1947-53. The records are classified in accordance with the subject-numeric system of the Department of Agriculture.
Records Relating to Studies, Projects, and
33. PROJECT FILES. 1938-53. 76 ft. Correspondence,
memoranda of understanding, reports, and related records documenting
studies made by the Bureau. A list of subjects covered by these
projects (Appendix III) includes the following entries: Division
of Agricultural Finance, Insurance: Hail, Windstorm, Weather
Cartographic and Photographic Records
59. PHOTOGRAPHS OF CLOUD EFFECTS. 1900-1922.
4 in. Prints and negatives of clouds, used for superimposing on
photographs of rural scenes. Unarranged.
Records of Divisions Responsible for Agricultural
78. RECORDS RELATING TO CROP DAMAGE. 1919-37.
5 ft. Correspondence, statistical tabulations, and reports on
damage to crops by frost, flood, drought, corn borers, and grasshoppers.
Records of the Division of Agricultural
Finance and Its Predecessors
109. RECORDS RELATING TO AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE.
1915-34. 8 ft. Correspondence and reference materials relating
to various types of agricultural insurance, fire prevention, and
pertinent State legislation. Most of the material predates 1930.
Arranged alphabetically by subject. A list of subjects follows.
Hail insurance, Foreign, By states; Lightning rods.
Records of the Division of Land Economics
178. RECORDS RELATING TO THE GREAT PLAINS DROUGHT
AREA COMMITTEE AND THE GREAT PLAINS COMMITTEE. 1936-37. 10 in.
187. RECORDS RELATING TO THE TRAIL SMELTER FUMES INVESTIGATIONS. 1926-37. 3 ft. These investigations were made to determine the damage to lands in the State of Washington by smelter fumes of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co., Trail, British Columbia. Because of the international nature of the controversy, the question was referred to the International Joint Commission and to the Arbitration Tribunal. The Department of Agriculture furnished technical assistance in determining the extent of the damage and its effect upon the economy of the area. W.W. Skinner and S.W. Griffin were appointed by the International Joint Commission to determine the amount of individual awards for damage done. Subject file includes entry entitled Weather. Related records are found in RG-54.
Records of the Flood Control Section
188. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1937-43. 9 ft. Correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, photographs, maps, and publications relating to legislation, policy, and procedure concerning flood control work; the evaluation of proposed projects; studies and survey s of areas in which projects were undertaken; and cooperation with other divisions of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and with other Government Departments. Arranged alphabetically by subject. A list of subject includes Flood Control, Hydrology, and Statistics.
Records of the Division of Statistical and
224. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1917-46. 22 ft.
Correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, and reference material
accumulated in the office of Dr. O.C. Stine, head of the Division.
The records are arranged alphabetically by subject. Subjects
indexed include Weather and yield, 1928, 1938.
229. PERSONAL AND REFERENCE FILE OF HENRY C. TAYLOR. Accumulated 1939-46. 3 ft. Publications, speeches, reports, notes, and related correspondence pertaining to the history of agricultural economics, 1835-1946. The records are arranged alphabetically by name of person or by subject. Folder headings include an entry for Weather forecasting.
Cartographic Records of the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics (Washington, 1971).
Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1896-53.
31,307 items. Cartographic records (4,600 items) include maps
of the United States and foreign countries, relating to climate,
irrigation, crops, and rural population, 1910-50, atlases, and
Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics
7. MAPS PREPARED FOR THE ATLAS OF AMERICAN
AGRICULTURE RELATING TO CLIMATE. 1915-18. 27 items. Manuscript
maps and worksheets prepared for sections of the atlas entitled
Frost and the Growing Season, by William G. Reed, published in
1918, and Precipitation and Humidity, by J.B. Kincer, published
in 1922. The maps were prepared in cooperation with F.J. Marschner.
Included are large-scale base maps of the united States annotated
according to Weather Bureau records to show average annual, seasonal.
and monthly precipitation based on the 1895-1914 period; mean
temperatures for the summer months; the average length of the
frost-free season and data on the shortest growing season; and
the earliest and average dates of the first killing frost in autumn
and the earliest, average, and latest dates of the last killing
frost in spring. In addition, there are three incomplete maps,
one of which shows locations and altitudes of recording stations
in the United States. Published copies of the two sections of
the atlas are in Records of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture,
Record Group 16.
26. RAINFALL MAPS OF SOUTH AMERICA 1918. 3 items Wall maps annotated with average precipitation figures and isolines for June through August, for December through February, and for the entries year. The year or years or which the information is based is not given. Compiled by E. Van Cleef.
28. MANUSCRIPT MAPS OF SOUTH AMERICA SHOWING POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND SETTLEMENTS, TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF AND RAINFALL, AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF CROPS AND LIVESTOCK. 1920-21. 15 items. Maps prepared for a Farm Management Department bulletin entitled Agricultural Competition from South America. A map showing relief, annual precipitation by means of isolines, and average monthly precipitation at Bogota, Colombia, Santa Fe and Cipolletti, Argentina, and Manaos, Cuyaba, Sabara, and Victoria, Brazil.
69. RECORDS RELATING TO CLIMATIC STUDIES ca.
1931. 2 items.
A published panel of two maps of North Dakota comparing the distribution of precipitation to average wheat yields and a published panel of two graphs showing historical climatic conditions in the Harney Basin, Oreg., and at Harre, Mont., as indicated by the annual growth of tree rings from 1730 to 1930. The graphs relating to Oregon appeared in L.T. Jessup, Precipitation and Tree Growth in the Harney Basin, Oregon, Geographical Review (April 1935).
168. MAPS SHOWING GENERALIZED LAND RESOURCE AREAS OF THE UNITED STATES. Ca. 1953. 5 items. Included are manuscript, worksheet, and revised manuscript copies of a map prepared for publication and isopleth lines connecting points having an annual average of 140, 200, and 260 frost-free days. A slightly differing, small-scale version of the map accompanied an article by F.J. Marschner and C.P. Barnes entitled Our Wealth of Land Resources, published in the 1958 Yearbook of the Department of Agriculture.
172. MISCELLANEOUS MAPS COMPILED OR DRAFTED BY MARSCHNER. 1917- 57. 18 items. Included are manuscript, worksheet, and photographic negative versions of a base map of the United States showing State boundaries and drainage patterns.
180. MANUSCRIPT MAPS RELATING TO WATER SUPPLY IN THE 17 WESTERN STATES. ca. 1943. 12 items. Information is plotted on 1943 published base maps that indicate boundaries of natural surface water supply areas. Included are maps showing average warm season precipitation, 1899-1938, average frost-free growing period, Also included are two unfinished maps showing average annual runoff per square mile and net increment to stream flow by natural areas and a reference copy.
182. MANUSCRIPT AND PHOTOPROCESSED MAPS RELATING TO WATER FACILITIES PLANS IN THE WESTERN STATES. 1937-43. 75 items. Maps of watersheds and related areas prepared for water facilities area plans. Subjects shown include water and irrigation facilities, land use, landownership patterns, precipitation, and hydrology.
183. PUBLISHED MAPS AND GRAPHS RELATING TO WATER FACILITIES PLANS IN THE WESTERN STATES. 1939-42. 500 items. These maps are the cartographic portion of water facilities plans for drainage basins. Typical items relating to a single drainage basin include: an index map showing the location of the basin within one or more counties; a maps showing existing water facilities, such as irrigation canals, wells, pumping plants, windmills, stock tanks, pipelines, and existing and proposed reservoirs; graphs showing average temperature and precipitation; a map showing landownership patterns; and a map showing existing land use and proposed land use contingent on successful irrigation programs. Also included for a number of the drainage basins are maps and graphs relating to hydrology, soils, types of farming, land classification, vegetation cover, topography, and plans for future dams. Listed under Water-Land Resources and Problems in South Dakota are 15 maps and charts dated 1940 covering the entire State and showing precipitation, land utilization areas, ground water information, stream runoff and measuring stations, irrigation facilities , and areas with adequate range livestock water facilities.
184. MAP OF MISSOURI SHOWING EXISTING AND PROPOSED RESERVOIRS AND STREAM GAGING STATIONS. 1940. 1 item. Published by the Missouri Geological Survey and Water Resources.
185. MANUSCRIPT MAP SHOWING ARTESIAN AREAS IN EAST TEXAS. 1942. 1 item.
215. GRAPHS RELATING TO CLIMATE AND COTTON PRODUCTION IN FRESNO COUNTY CALIF. ca. 1942. 2 items. Two graphs labeled Figure 2 and Figure 3 showing by months from August to January the average percentage of cotton crop harvested and ginned, the amount of rainfall, and the average dates of the first killing frost. Part of a report; the years on which the information is based are not given on the graphs.
Division of Farm Management and Costs
226. CHART SHOWING HISTORICAL PRECIPITATION
DATA IN NORTHEASTERN NEVADA. 1938. 1 item. Shows average monthly
precipitation from 1911 to 1938. Based on data from seven stations
at elevations of 6,100-7,100 feet.
Division of Land Economics
246. MANUSCRIPT MAPS OF ARIZONA RELATING TO
PRECIPITATION AND GRAZING. ca. 1936-42. 2 items. Includes a
map compiled under the direction of the State land commissioner
showing normal precipitation in the period 1936-38.
RG-84. RECORDS OF SELECTED FOREIGN SERVICE
PI #60, compiled
by Alexander P. Mavro (Washington: 1953).
38. LISTS OF DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE HISTORY
OF THE CAROLINAS ("INDEX TO CAROLINA PAPERS"). July
11-Aug. 2, 1827. 1 vol. 2 in. A chronological list of Board
of Trade (London) records, Jan. 7, 1729-April 8, 1775, relating
to the history of the Carolinas; a chronological list of books
and papers in his Majesty's State Paper Office, Oct. 29, 1663-Jan.
21, 1757, relating to North Carolina.
RG-92. RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER
Contains a series of landform and climatic
zone maps prepared by Erwin Raisz and Harry Hoy for the Military
Planning Division relating to clothing requirements worldwide,
RG-94. RECORDS OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S
Lt. Zebulon Pike's Notebook of Maps, Traverse
Tables, and Meteorological Observations, 1805-1807, is available
on one roll of microfilm, #T36.
Also contains records of the Pacific Railroad
RG-95. RECORDS OF THE FOREST SERVICE.
PI #18, compiled
by Harold T. Pinkett, revised by Terry W. Good (Washington: 1969).
Records of the Forest Research Divisions,
112. CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PHENOLOGICAL
OBSERVATIONS. 1911-13. 1 ft. In 1909 the Forest Service undertook
to obtain through voluntary observers information on the time
of leafing, flowering, and fruiting of forest trees. These records,
arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent, include letters
and reports relative to the observations of these volunteers.
Records of the Division of Watershed Management
135. REPORTS AND STUDIES. 1925-51. 2 ft.
Relate to such subjects as research programs
on climatic problems, soil stabilization, erosion control, and
flood control. Some correspondence is included. Arranged by
subject and thereunder by experiment station.
CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS OF THE FOREST SERVICE.
PI #167, compiled
by Charlotte M. Ashby (1967).
General Cartographic Records
18. MAPS OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES SHOWING RAILROADS AND CANALS, 1840-1915. 1922. 1 item.
A panel of four manuscript maps showing railroads
in operation in 1840, 1850, and 1860; and the canals and principal
canalized rivers abandoned before 1915 and those in use in 1915.
Names of railroads and canals are listed and keyed by number
to the proper location on each map.
Records of National Forests Divisions
Division of Timber Management
94. PROJECT FILES OF THE DRAFTING AND ATLAS
SECTION. Manuscript, photoprocessed, and published maps, graphs,
charts, and related data. A chart dated 1947 showing the sunspot
cycle for the period 1934 to 1960 and its relation to sunshine,
temperatures, precipitation and average evapotranspiration. Records
of the Division of Range management.
110. GRAPHS SHOWING THE RELATIONSHIP OF FORAGE PRODUCTION TO RAINFALL. 1940. 6 items. Separate graphs for each of several western locations covering the period from 1915 to 1940.
RG-106. RECORDS OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.
Records of the Smithsonian Meteorological Project, 1849-1874, are found in RG-27, Records of the Weather Bureau, and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Cartographic and Audiovisual Records. 1871-1950.
CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (7 items) include isothermal maps by Charles A. Schott showing mean temperatures in the United States for 1874.