GHRAS SRCH   V

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARCHIVES

NAS-NRC Archives
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Room NAS 234
Washington DC 20418
Phone: (202) 334-2415
WWW: http://www2.nas.edu/arc/

Description of the Academy

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) was established in 1863 under a charter granted by the U.S. Congress that requires that "the Academy shall, whenever called upon by any department of the Government, investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art..." During the more than 125 years since the enactment of this charter, the NAS has become the most prestigious scientific honorary society in the United States and the Federal Government's most important independent advisor in scientific and technical matters. The studies that the NAS performs for the Government are conducted by the National Research Council (NRC), established by the NAS in 1916, under contracts or grants with the sponsoring departments, agencies or Congressional committees. The NRC also conducts an increasing number of privately funded studies, supported by NAS funds or grants from foundations or other private sources. Governance of the NRC is shared by the NAS, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE; established under the NAS charter in 1964) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM; established under the NAS charter in 1970). The IOM conducts its own studies, but these are subject to the same approval and operational guidelines imposed on NRC studies.

Records Access Policies

The NAS and its sister institutions are private organizations and its operations and records are not subject to the Advisory Committee Act or to the Freedom of Information Act; however, as a matter of public responsibility, the institution tries to cooperate with those interested in the history of its activities within the limits necessitated by its advisory processes. The records that comprise the NAS Archives fall into three categories: (1) fraternal papers, those that concern the membership affairs of the three societies: these are private records and are permanently closed to the public; (2) fellowship papers, those that concern the participation of individuals in private or governmental research programs: these are quasi-personal records and are closed to the public for a period of 50 years or until the death of the individual, whichever is later; and (3) operational and program papers, those that concern the operation of the Academy complex and its scientific committees: these are privileged records and are closed to the public for a period of 25 years from the date of creation, although qualified scholars may request the waiving of this restriction on a case-by-case basis. Many of the records of study committees are, however, public documents (e.g., the proposal and contract and the report), and are available from the sponsoring agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. The Archives is open by appointment only 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on regular work days. Copy services are available. Inquiries concerning access to records, access policy or costs of services should be addressed to the Director or the Deputy Archivist.

Records Organization

The records housed in the NAS Archives are organized into two records groups: the Central File (mostly administrative and international records) and the Program File (mostly the records of NRC committees). Each group comprises several series. Most records in series are organized according to the NAS Records System, a filing scheme that has been used for over forty years. The system is structured on the contemporary organization of the institution, that is, the placement of an entry in the system is determined by the placement of the activity in the organizational structure in the year in question and the placement of the entry will change as the placement of the activity changes over a period of years. All indexes, guides and finding aids, whether manual or automated, follow this scheme. The Archives maintains several automated databases of information about its collections, and staff will search these files for researchers.

Requests for information or for access to records will be more efficiently processed if the requester is able to cite the years of operation and the placement in the organizational structure of the institution for each activity of interest. The chief public access to information about institutional activities and structure is the Organization and Members directory (the O&M), which has been published almost annually since 1917. Most institutional activities have been included in the O&M during their lifetime, and most O&M editions include Academy and committee membership and staff indexes (this is important to note as there is no access to records by personal name within the NAS Records System). The O&M should be available in most university libraries.

Brief Description of Records Relating to the Atmospheric Sciences in the Collections of the NAS Archives

Because of the breadth of the Academy's activities, there are many studies that touch upon the atmospheric sciences, and the list of activities appended gives the names of over 150 such studies or study groups. The list was compiled from the output of searches performed on the Archives databases, mostly using the keyword particles "atmos," "meteo" and "clim". Some listings specifically concern atmospheric research and are particular as to activity name and period (e.g., the Committees on Atmospheric Sciences), while others are broader activities that had subsidiary studies concerning such research (e.g., the Polar Research Board and the Space Science Board, for which only samplings of relevant activities are listed). Of particular note are the collections of international materials: the Academy is the U.S. member for most non-governmental international scientific organizations, so that its collections for such groups as ICSU, the scientific associates of IUGG, etc., or such programs as IGY, IQSY, IBP, GARP, etc., are unique in this country.

Because the Academy's activities are so numerous and varied it is not possible to give capsule descriptions of each; instead the following paragraphs give some details concerning the records of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), the various core committees on meteorology or atmospheric sciences, and the Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP).

INTERNATIONAL GEOPHYSICAL YEAR

The International Geophysical Year (1957-1958; extended into 1959 as the International Geophysical Cooperation) was originally conceived as the Third Polar Year (the First Polar Year was in 1882-1883 and the Second in 1932-1933). It was the first of the many global research programs sponsored by the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU). The national programs were coordinated by ICSU's Comité Special de l'Annee Geophysique (CSAGI), the NAS directing U.S. participation through its U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year (USNC-IGY). The U.S. effort was funded mostly by the National Science Foundation, with logistical support provided by the Navy, especially its Operation Deep Freeze in support of the polar programs.

The USNC-IGY comprised an executive committee, technical panels, and several ad hoc groups. The technical panels were: Aurora and Airglow; Cosmic Rays; Geomagnetism; Glaciology; Ionospheric Physics; Latitudes and Longitudes; Meteorology; Oceanography; Rocketry; Earth Satellite Program (plus working groups); Seismology - Gravity; Solar Activity; World Days and Communications; Interdisciplinary Research; Geochemistry; and Radioactivity of Air. To coordinate data gathering there was an Ad hoc Committee on Geophysical Data. The USNC-IGY created the U.S. scientific program and selected from among the projects proposed by various universities, research institutions and private individuals those that would be funded by the NSF. It oversaw the operation of these projects, and coordinated access to facilities and resources. In addition to programmatic efforts, the USNC-IGY was responsible for coordinating the U.S. program with those of other nations, for creating and maintaining a mechanism to organize, collate and provide access to a greater breadth and volume of data than had ever before existed on geophysical subjects, and for providing publicity and continuing information and education programs.

The most spectacular aspect of the IGY was its earth satellite program, which included the USSR's Sputnik series and of the U.S. Explorer series. The impact of Soviet accomplishments (and of the delay in the U.S. program caused by repeated failure) led to the appointing of the first Science Adviser to the President a month after the success of Sputnik, and the creation of the President's Science Advisory Committee shortly afterwards.

Following completion of the effort, the USNC-IGY spent several years compiling and writing reports, and also produced a series of films entitled "Planet Earth." The series comprises the following films, whose titles give some flavor of the comprehensiveness of IGY research: The Hidden Earth; The Shape of the Earth; The Force of Gravity; The Inconstant Air; Secrets of the Ice; Challenge of the Oceans; The Nearest Star; The Flaming Sky; Magnetic Force; Radio Waves; Cosmic Rays; Research by Rockets; and Science in Space. Recently the Academy cosponsored with WQED a new series of television programs with the same title, originally conceived as a look at the same subjects twenty-five years later, but eventually evolving into a contemporary exploration of the Earth and its environment.

The records of the IGY in the NAS Archives are dated ca. 1951-1965 and occupy ca. 360 linear feet as a separate series, with substantial additional materials in other series and collections as well. This collection is the most heterogeneous in the Archives, containing ca. 250 linear feet of paper records, ca. 100 cubic feet of motion picture film, and ca. 10 linear feet of photographs, photograph albums, glass slides, maps, posters, and other items. In addition to the papers of the USNC-IGY, the records also contain full documentation, as it was available to the USNC, of the national programs of the other participating countries, and also early papers of NAS-NRC activities that grew out of IGY activities, e.g. the Committee on Polar Research, the Committee on Oceanography, the Geophysics Research Board, the Space Science Board, and the Committee on Meteorology. The papers were arranged by the USNC prior to its formal discontinuance, and include a finding aid that is, essentially, a folder-by-folder inventory. Although the arrangement and its documentation are in many ways inadequate, and are especially deficient in cross-references, the bulk of the collection has prevented the Archives from replacing a usable organization. All papers in the IGY series are open to researchers, regardless of date; papers pertaining to the IGY arranged in any other series are subject to the date restrictions mentioned above.

Although the collections of the NAS Archives and the NRC Library contain substantial volumes of IGY reports, the USNC-IGY maintained a large library of materials that the Academy's facilities could not accommodate in perpetuity. The IGY Library was therefore deposited with World Data Center A in Boulder, Colorado.

CORE COMMITTEES ON METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Beginning in 1956 within the NAS, and from 1962 to the present in the NRC, the institution has continuously sponsored a core activity in the atmospheric sciences. The specific committees are: the NAS Committee on Meteorology, 1955-1958; the NAS Committee on Atmospheric Sciences (CAS), 1959-1961; the NRC Committee on Atmospheric Sciences (CAS), 1962-1982 (1962-1967, reporting to the Governing Board; 1968-1974, reporting to the Division of Physical Sciences; 1975-1982, reporting to the Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences); the Climate Board (CB), 1977-1982 (reporting to the Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences; called Climate Research Board, 1977-1980); and the NRC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC), 1982- (reporting to the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources).

The establishment of the Committee on Meteorology in 1955 was an outgrowth of IGY activities. The Committee's 1958 report, Research and Education in Meteorology: An Interim Report, was instrumental in the establishment of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1960. This report was updated in 1960 by the successor group, the Committee on Atmospheric Sciences, in its reports, The Status of Research and Manpower in Meteorology and Meteorology on the Move. After being reassigned to the NRC, the Committee issued its major three volume study, Atmospheric Sciences, 1961-1971 (1962), a report to the President's Science Advisor. The following is a chronological listing of selected subsequent reports through 1984:

Interaction between the Atmosphere and the Oceans (CAS, 1962) 
Further Views on International Cooperation in the Atmospheric Sciences
    (CAS, 1964)
Scientific Problems of Weather Prediction (CAS, 1964)
Atmospheric Ozone Studies (CAS, 1966)
The Feasibility of a Global Observation and Analysis Experiment (CAS,
    1966)
Weather and Climate Modification Problems and Prospects (CAS, 1966)
Atmospheric Exploration by Remote Probes (CAS, 1969) 
The Atmospheric Sciences and Man's Needs (CAS, 1971) 
Weather and Climate Modification (CAS, 1973) 
Atmospheric Chemistry (CAS, 1975)
Long-range Weather Forecasting (CAS, 1975) 
Report of the Ad hoc Panel to Review the NASA Earth Radiation Budget
    Program (CAS, 1976) 
The Atmospheric Sciences: Problems and Applications (CAS, 1977)
Planning and Management of Atmospheric Research Programs (CAS, 1977)
Severe Storms (CAS, 1977)
The Atmospheric Sciences: National Objectives for the 1980's (CAS,
    1980)
Atmospheric Precipitation (CAS, 1980)
Current Mesoscale Meteorological Research in the United States (CAS,
    1981)
Carbon Dioxide and Climate (CB, 1982)
Meeting the Challenge of Climate (CB, 1982) 
Global Tropospheric Chemistry (BASC, 1984).
The records of these activities are somewhat less than 25 linear feet in volume, and are subject to the date restrictions mentioned above.

GLOBAL ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH PROGRAM (GARP)

GARP had its origins in a suggestion for "further cooperative efforts between all nations in weather prediction and eventually weather control" by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in a speech to the United Nations in 1961. As a consequence of this suggestion, the U.N. adopted several resolutions encouraging international cooperation, especially through the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and expressly inviting the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) to join with the WMO in establishing a research program. After study by the International Union of Geology and Geodesy (IUGG), to which the a 1965 version the NRC Committee on Atmospheric Sciences' 1966 report The Feasibility of a Global Observation and Analysis Experiment was a significant contribution, GARP was formally established in 1967.

The U.S. effort was planned and guided by the U.S. Committee for the Global Atmospheric Research Program (USC-GARP), established in 1968 in the NRC's Division of Physical Sciences (Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 1975-1982; Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, 1982-1987). The USC-GARP established the following scientific working groups: Predictability and Data Requirements; Planetary Boundary Layer; Internal Atmospheric Turbulence; Structure of the Tropical Atmosphere; Cumulus Convection; and Large-Scale, Long-Period, Air-Ocean Interactions.

The following is a selection of USC-GARP reports:

Plan for U.S. Participation in the Global Atmospheric Research Program 
    (1969)
Plan for U.S. Participation in the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment 
    (1971)
Plan for U.S. Data Management in the Global Atmospheric
    Research Program (1971)
Plan for U.S. Clear-Air Turbulence Research in the Global
    Atmospheric Research Program (1972) 
A Preliminary Oceanographic Program for GATE:  The Global Atmospheric
    Research Program (GARP), Global Atlantic Tropical Experiment
    (1972)
U.S. Contribution to the Polar Experiment (POLEX): Part 1,
    POLEX-GARP (North); Part 2, POLEX-GARP (South) (1974)
Understanding Climatic Change: A Program for Action (1975)
Plan for U.S. Participation in the Monsoon Experiment (MONEX) (1977)
Proceedings of the Seminar on the Impact of GATE on
    Large-Scale Numerical Modeling of the Atmosphere and Ocean (1980).
The papers pertaining to GARP amount to ca. 15 linear feet, and are subject to the date restrictions mentioned above, with the exception that formal documentation produced by international bodies are treated as public documents and are therefore open.

SELECTED LISTING OF NAS-NRC COMMITTEES CONCERNING THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

INTERNATIONAL

International Association for Geochemistry & Cosmochemistry, 1965-
International Association of Geomagnetism & Aeronomy, 1954-
International Association of Meteorology, 1933-
International Association of Meteorology & Atmospheric Physics, 1956-
International Association of Scientific Hydrology, 1933-
International Biological Program, 1962-1974
International Council of Scientific Unions
     Comité Internationale de Geophysique
            International Years of Quiet Sun (IQSY), 1962-1967
     Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), 1958-
     GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program)  
        (Joint with UN/WMO), 1965-1987
     Inter-union Commission on Atmospheric Sciences,  1963-1964
     Inter-union Commission on Ionosphere, 1952-
     Inter-Union Commission on Radio-Meteorology, 1948
     Inter-union Commission on Solar & Terrestrial Relationships, 1972
     Inter-union Commission on Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 1965-1972
     Inter-union Commission on Solar-Terrestrial Relationships,
        1964-1966
     Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), 1957-
     Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), 1956-
            International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE), 1959-1965
     Special Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP), 1973-
     Working Group on Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 1963-1965
International Geophysical Year, 1951-1965
International Meteorological Organization, 1919-1935
International Research Council, 1919-1931
International Symposium on Atmospheric Diffusion & Air  Pollution.  
    Oxford, England, 1958
International Union of Geodesy & Geophysics, 1919-
    Committee on Atmospheric Sciences 
        (Joint with ICSU/COSPAR & UN/WMO), 1962-1965
International Union of Radiotelegraphy, 1920-1928
International Union of Scientific Radio, 1929-
Pacific Science Association, 1924-
Pacific Science Congress, 1920-
Pan Indian Ocean Scientific Association, 1954-1957
United Nations
     UN Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
      International Hydrological Decade, 1964-1975
     World Meteorological Organization, 1953-


NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Committee on Atmospheric Sciences, 1959-1961
Committee on Long-range Weather Forecasting, 1930-1931
Committee on Meteorology [Advisory], 1955-1958
Committee on Polar Research, 1955-1961
Committee on Questions of Meteorological Science & Its  Applications,
    1881
Committee on Smithsonian Institution Proposal for Measurement of Heat
    Radiation of Sun, 1924
Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research: Ad hoc, 1966-1967
Committee on Weather Bureau: Advisory to Secretary of Commerce, 1963
Committee on Wind & Current Charts & Sailing Directions, 1864
Geophysics Research Board, 1958-1961
Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee,  
    Subcommittee on Weather Bureau, 1936-1939
Meetings: Annual
    1955: Symposium on Modern Concepts in Meteorology
    1959: Symposium on Physics Chemistry & Biology of Atmosphere
Office of Scientific Personnel
    Associateships: Commerce: NOAA (National Oceanic &  Atmospheric    
        Administration) 1971
Space Science Board, 1958-1961
    Committee on Atmospheres of Earth & Planets, 1960-1961
    Committee on Ionospheres of Earth & Planets, 1958-1960
    Committee on Meteorological Aspects of Satellites, 1958-1961
    Committee on Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research, 1959-1961
    Conference on Planetary Atmospheres, 1960
    Group on Physics of Planetary Surfaces & Atmospheres, 1959-1960
    Panel on Planetary Atmospheres: Ad hoc, 1960
    Working Group on Planetary Atmospheres: Ad hoc, 1960
    Working Group on Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research, 1959


NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

American Geophysical Union, 1919-1972
Assembly of Engineering
    Committee on Levee Policy for National Flood Insurance Program,
       1981
Assembly of Life Sciences (Division of Medical Sciences)
    Committee on Biologic Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants,  1973
        Conference on Health Effects of Air Pollutants, 1973
Assembly of Mathematical & Physical Sciences
    Climate Board, 1980-1981
    Climate Research Board, 1977-1980
    Climatic Impact Committee, 1975
    Committee for Coordination of NASA Climate Program:  Ad hoc, 1976
    Committee on Atmospheric Sciences, 1975-1979
    Committee on Impacts of Stratospheric Change, 1976-1980
    Committee on National Weather Service, 1979
    Conference on Large Body Impacts & Terrestrial Evolution: 
        Geological Climatological & Biological Implications, 1981
    Geophysics Research Board
        Committee on Geology & Climate, 1975-1981
        Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research, 1975-1981
    Geophysics Research Forum, 1975-1982
    Geophysics Study Committee, 1975-1982
    Ocean Sciences Board
        Panel on Monitoring Persistent Pesticides in Marine Environment
            & Atmosphere, 1976-1978
    Polar Research Board, 1975-1982
        Committee on Role of Polar Regions in Climatic Change: Ad hoc,
            1980-1984    
    Space Science Board, 1975-1982
Commission on International Relations
    Board on Science & Technology for International Development
        Panel on Arid Lands of Sub-saharan Africa, 1973
Commission on Natural Resources
    Board on Agriculture & Renewable Resources
        Committee on Agricultural Uses of Weather Forecasts Outlooks &
            Climatic Guides, 1978
        Committee on Atmosphere & Biosphere, 1978-1981
Committee on Climate & Weather Fluctuations & Agricultural Production,
    1975-1976
Committee on Air Quality & Stationary Source Emission Control, Joint
    with Committee on Public Engineering Policy (COPEP), 1974-1975
Committee on Remote Sensing Programs for Earth Resource Surveys,
    1974-1976
    Conference on Air Quality & Automobile Emissions, 1975
    Coordinating Committee for Air Quality Studies, 1973-1976
    Environmental Studies Board
        Committee on Chemistry & Physics of Ozone Depletion, 1981
        Committee on Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air
            Quality, 1979
        Study of Cost-Benefit Analysis of Air Quality Control
            Measures, 1973
    Ocean Affairs Board
        Panel on Monitoring Persistent Pesticides in Marine
            Environment & Atmosphere, 1974-1976
        Study on Air Pollution, 1973

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics & Resources
    Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate, 1982-
    Board on Ocean Sciences & Policy, 1985-
    Board on Physics & Astronomy
        Committee on Atmospheric Effects of Nuclear Explosions,
            1983-1984
    Environmental Studies Board
        Committee on Atmospheric Transport & Chemical Transformation
            in Acid Precipitation, 1983
        Committee on Causes & Effects of Changes in Stratospheric
            Ozone: "Update 1983," 1982-1984
    Geophysics Research Forum, 1982-
    Geophysics Study Committee, 1982-
    Naval Studies Board
        Panel for Review of ONR [Office of Naval Research]
        Atmospheric Sciences Program, 1987-
    Ocean Studies Board, 1983-1985
    Polar Research Board, 1982-
    Space Science Board, 1982-
Commission on Sociotechnical Systems
    Building Research Advisory Board
        Committee on Flood Insurance Studies, 1981
        Committee on Prevention & Mitigation of Flood Losses,
            1974-1976
        Committee on Review of FIA Methodology for Estimating coastal
            Flooding, 1980
    Committee on Fire Research
        Symposium on Air Quality & Smoke from Urban & Forest Fires,
            1976
    Committee on Natural Disasters
        Panel on Winds, 1975
    Transportation Research Board
        Committee on Transportation & Air Quality, 1975-1976
Committee on Atmospheric Sciences, 1962-1967
Committee on Natural Resources
    Meetings: Human Effects on Weather & Climate as Related to
        Resource Studies, 1962
Committee on Polar Research, 1962-1966
Committee on Weather Bureau: Advisory, 1962-1963
Division of Anthropology & Psychology
    Disaster Research Group, 1951-1962
Division of Behavioral Sciences
    Disaster Research Group
        Studies: Hurricane Audrey, 1963
        Studies: Hurricane Carla, 1963
Division of Biology & Agriculture
    Agricultural Board
        Committee on Agricultural Meteorology & Climatology, 1956-1965
        Committee on Effect of Climatic Factors on Performance of
            Domestic Animals, 1961-1964
        Committee on Plant & Crop Ecology: 
            Subcommittee on Agroclimatology, 1952-1954

    Agricultural Research Institute
        Committee on Agricultural Meteorology, 1968-1970
    Committee on Aerobiology, 1937-1939
    Committee on Atmosphere & Man, 1921-1928
    Committee on Organization & Inquiry in Climatology, 1919-1920
    Projects: Proposed
        Bioclimatics, 1934-1935
Division of Chemistry & Chemical Technology
    Committee Advisory to Army Chemical Corps
        Meeting on Rapid Recognition of Biological Particulates in the
             Atmosphere, 1958
    Panel on Stratospheric Effects of Chlorofluormethanes: Ad hoc,
        1974
Division of Earth Sciences
    Committee on Climatology: Advisory to Weather Bureau, 1954
    Committee on Hydrology: Proposed, 1963
    Committee on Remote Sensing of Environment, 1964-1969
    Committee on Remote Sensing Programs for Earth Resource Surveys,
        1971-1973
    Ocean Affairs Board
        Ocean Science Committee
        Study of Large-Scale Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling, 1973
            Panel on Monitoring Persistent Pesticides in Marine
                Environment & Atmosphere, 1971-1973
    Science & Engineering Committee Advisory to NOAA (National
        Oceanographic & Atmospheric Administration), 1972-1973
Division of Engineering
    Committee on Air Quality Management, 1968-1972
    Committee on Prevention & Mitigation of Flood Losses
        Joint with Division of Earth Sciences, 1973-1974
Division of Engineering & Industrial Research
    Advisory Board on Quartermaster Research & Development
        Committee on Foods: Symposium on Nutrition on Climatic Stress,
            1952
    Building Research Advisory Board
    Committee on Climatic Research: Advisory, 1950-1956
Division of Geology & Geography
    Committee on Application of Biological Methods & Data to
    Geological Problems
        Subcommittee on Application of Biogeography to
            Paleoclimatology, 1947
    Projects
        Study of Health Related to Climate: Proposed, 1920
Division of Medical Sciences
    Committee on Biologic Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants, 1970-1973
    Committee on Climate & Health, 1931-1935
    Committee on Effects of Atmospheric Contaminants on Human Health &
        Welfare,1967
    Committee on Sanitary Engineering
        Subcommittee on Atmospheric Control, 1944-1948
    Committee on Sanitary Engineering & Environment
        Subcommittee on Atmospheric & Industrial Hygiene, 1948-1965

Division of Physical Sciences
      Climatic Impact Committee, 1974
      Committee on Atmospheric Sciences, 1968-1974
      Committee on DOT Climatic Impact Assessment Program, 1972-1974
      Committee on Physics of the Earth
          Committee on Meteorology: Subsidiary, 1926-1931
      Committee on Polar Research, 1967-1974
      Geophysics Research Board, 1968-1974
          Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research, 1968-1974
          Panel on Upper Atmosphere Geophysics: Advisory, 1969-1971
      Geophysics Research Forum, 1968-1974
      Projects
            Balloons: Hot Air Balloons, 1918
      Space Science Board, 1968-1974
Executive Board
      Armed Forces-NRC Vision Committee
            Subcommittee on Visibility & Atmospheric Optics, 1948-1951
      Committee Advisory to Weather Bureau, 1940
      Committee on Meteorology: Technical: Joint NAS-NRC: Proposed,
            1942
      Committee on Physics
            Subcommittee on Meteorology, 1917-1918
Geophysics Research Board, 1962-1967
    Committee on Consolidated Upper Atmosphere & Space Data Center,
        1964
    Committee on International Programs in Atmospheric Sciences &
        Hydrology: Ad hoc, 1962-1963
Geophysics Research Forum, 1960-1967
Office of International Affairs
    Board on Science & Technology for International Development
    (BOSTID)
        Panel on National Oceanic & Atmospheric Climate Impact
            Assessment Program for Africa, 1987
Space Science Board, 1962-1967:
    Committee on Rocket-Satellite Research, 1965
    Committee on Upper Atmosphere Near Space & Astronomical Research
        with Sounding Rockets & Probes, 1965
    Project Anna (Geodetic Satellite Program), 1962


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