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Anthropology Course Descriptions
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AY112fs Cultural Anthropology Introduction to the study of human societies and cultures through the concepts and methods of anthropology. Course material will (a) explore the great diversity of human social and cultural arrangements through the investigation of cultural communities around the world and the distinct ways their members experience and understand their lives and (b) investigate the larger historical, political, economic, and symbolic frameworks that shape contemporary human societies and cross-cultural interactions worldwide. Assignments emphasize clarity, concision, and coherence of written and oral arguments, as well as control over and understanding of course content. Four credit hours. S, I. FACULTY
AY119j The Anthropology of Utopias Examines classic utopic and dystopic literature, philosophy, anthropology, art, and film from Plato to the present. Utopian literature involves anthropological reflection about the range of possibilities for human community and related anthropological themes of human social and cultural variability, conflict, and cooperation. Critically explores different utopian and dystopian discourses as vehicles for thinking about a world in crisis and its possible futures, as well as the effects these have on contemporary debates about politics and governance, citizenship, new technologies, media, family, and more. Three credit hours. S. HRISKOS
[AY135] World at Play We explore play as a field of activity that both refracts and constitutes cultural values as well as social and political relations. Through sociocultural and linguistic analyses of joking, pranking, and other playful acts in our own and other cultures, we will illuminate how others make sense of the world and consider the possibilities of play to incite or hinder social change. Previously offered as AY197A (January 2013). Three credit hours. S, I.
[AY175] Ordering the Cosmos Ancient Greece provided many foundations of Western cultural and intellectual history. We will ask how Greeks understood their world as we explore the "cosmos" (which is Greek for "order" or "arrangement") of their making. Grounding an inquiry in literary texts and taking into account domains from the theological to the social and ethnographic, we ask how various systems of thought worked to produce order in their world. Topics include cosmology, religion and magic, sexuality, culinary practices, and the Greeks' interest in cultural difference. Four credit hours. L.
[AY176] Greece: Ancient Sites and Their Visitors The sites (and sights) of ancient Greece have held enormous significance for visitors, from ancient times through the modern era. Explores the range of meanings that Greek antiquity has held for different groups historically and up to the present. Through an intensive, month-long study, students will consider a variety of sites in Athens and nearby centers such as Delphi, Olympia, Epidauros, and Mycenae. Includes travel to Greece. Examines a variety of questions related to the experience and representation of classical Greek sites. Part of the Integrated Studies Program. Prerequisite: Integrated Studies 175 or permission of the instructor. Three credit hours. H.
[AY212] Human Rights and Social Struggles in Global Perspective Listed as Global Studies 211. Three credit hours.
[AY217] Race, Class, Ethnicity Explores race, class, and ethnicity through comparative study of the diverse experiences, histories, and life conditions of indigenous peoples, immigrant groups, diasporas, religious minorities, and oppressed classes in various local and global contexts. Analysis of social, cultural, economic, and political forces that developed historically and function at present to maintain racialized, ethnic, and class inequalities. Also examines modes used for seeking political empowerment, economic justice, cultural survival, integrity of identity, and recognition of human rights. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. S, I.
AY222s Maine's Musical Soundscapes: Ethnography of Maine Listed as Music 222. Four credit hours. A. ZELENSKY
AY231f Caribbean Cultures Considers Caribbean people, places, products, and the webs of domination and resistance that formed and transformed the region and its diasporas. Ethnographies, films, food, music, memoir, and other texts tackle topics like empire building and dismantling; colonialism and postcolonialism; decolonization and displacement; development and underdevelopment; commodification and consumption; labor, revolution, and liberation. Cross-cultural and cross-temporal navigations develop an anthro-historical sensibility about the Caribbean's pivotal place in the world. Also listed as African-American Studies 231. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or American Studies 276. Four credit hours. I. BHIMULL
AY236f Illegal Drugs, Law, and the State Drawing on legal and political anthropology, we will examine the legal regimes and cultures of control that target the commerce and consumption of illegal drugs. We will consider the evolution of these policies, their role in the construction of the state, and their impact in a variety of historical moments and social worlds. Case studies will include Prohibition, cocaine, medical and recreational use of marijuana, and alternative forms of political power facilitated by the drug trade, with a special focus on Latin America. Students will gain critical reading and presentation skills and will refine their writing and research skills through the production of an original case-study research project. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. TATE
[AY237] Ethnographies of Africa An introduction to the continent of Africa, its peoples, and its many social worlds, beginning with a survey of the place (geography) and the ways in which Africa's inhabitants have been defined (classifications of language, race, and culture). Social and cultural diversity within the continent are examined through ethnographic case studies. Issues include experiences of economic change, political conflict, the creation of new identities and cultural forms in contemporary African societies, and perceptions of Africa in Western thought and history. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. I.
[AY238] Religions of Africa and the African Diaspora Examines African religions in Africa and their movement to and history in the New World. Ethnographic and historical sources investigate the legacy of slavery and its effects on African diaspora religions. Cases may include Cuban Santeria, Haitian Vodou, Candomble in Brazil, and Rastafarianism in Jamaica. Debates about syncretism, creolization, and related diasporic processes will be addressed. Emphasis on continuity, change, and the creative role of religious practice in the articulation of African identities in the New World. Students engage these topics through group and individual work, including both oral and written assignments. Prerequisite: American Studies 276 or Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. I.
AY242s Anthropology of Latin America: City Life An introduction to anthropological research on Latin America, with a particular focus on contemporary urban life. Cities attract migrants seeking new forms of communal life, educational, and economic opportunities and escaping war. We will examine the transformation of gender roles, political participation, and cultural production. Goals include learning to apply an anthropological lens to discussions of and gaining a basic knowledge of issues facing contemporary Latin America. Students will gain critical reading and discussion-facilitation skills and will refine writing skills through the production of review essays. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. TATE
AY244f Anthropology of Religion Introduces students to the anthropological study of religion, focusing on the lived experience of religion in a variety of historical, social, and cultural contexts. Examines religious symbols, ritual, possession, magic, and the relationship between religion and modernity. Cross-cultural investigation of diverse religious phenomena through ethnographic case studies, such as witchcraft in Sudan, voodoo in Brooklyn, and women's participation in the mosque movement in Egypt. Students will use concepts learned in class to design and carry out an independent research project on a relevant topic of their choosing. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. I. STROHL
AY246s Engaging Muslim Worlds Introduces students to the anthropology of Muslim societies. We will examine the ways that anthropologists and Muslims have made sense of Islam as a global religion and its local manifestations in different cultural contexts. Through reading works by anthropologists, journalists, and activists, students will consider key theoretical approaches to the study of pluralism, the relationship between religious knowledge and practice, the Islamic revival, syncretism, and modernity. We will investigate these issues in places as varied as Lebanon, Pakistan, Indonesia, and Mayotte. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. I. STROHL
AY256f Land, Food, Culture, and Power An examination of cultural and political aspects of land and other resource use in contexts of culture contact and/or social change, drawing from a variety of ethnographic examples in different parts of the world. A focus on varied subsistence and resource management systems explores how local forms of livelihood have been incorporated into and challenged by national and global economic relations and structures through processes of colonization and the growth of transnational capitalism. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. U. MILLS
[AY257] From Communism to Consumerism Listed as East Asian Studies 257. Four credit hours. S.
AY258s Anthropology, History, Memory Anthropologists have depicted cultural systems as timeless, paying limited attention to how historical experiences produce, and how they are shaped by, everyday beliefs and actions. Examines the significance of history for anthropological understanding and vice versa. Investigates how different cultures construct the past and how the past shapes everyday lives, our own and others. Explores sites such as myths, monuments, bodies, and archives. Questions what is the past? How is it present? How do societies remember? How do they forget? Topics include technology, time, travel, commemoration, war. Formerly offered as Anthropology 298B. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or a 100-level history course. Four credit hours. BHIMULL
AY261f Japanese Language and Culture Listed as East Asian Studies 261. Four credit hours. S, I. ABE
AY262s Music in Life, Music as Culture: Introduction to Ethnomusicology Listed as Music 262. Noncredit. A. ZELENSKY
[AY264] China in Transition: An Anthropological Account An exploration of cultural, historical, and social elements that were China in the past, and their transformation in the present, with a focus on the impact of China's socialist revolution upon both rural and urban family and social life and the new directions China has taken since the economic reforms of the 1980s. Four credit hours. S, I.
AY268s Politics of Satire and Humor in Modern China Listed as East Asian Studies 268. Four credit hours. S, I. ZHANG
AY276s African-American Culture in the United States Four credit hours. S, U. GILKES
AY297j The New African Americans African immigrants to the United States come from extremely diverse backgrounds and their experiences here vary. Offers perspectives on the experiences of particular groups of African immigrants in the United States through film, fiction, autobiography, guest speakers, and academic scholarship. We will study the experiences of Africans who come as refugees, who are second generation (children raised here with African immigrant parents), who are 'third culture' students (Africans attending U.S. universities), and who are artists who work primarily in the United States. Three credit hours. BESTEMAN
AY298s Corruption and Anti-corruption: Theory and Practice Gives an anthropological and interdisciplinary overview of corruption in real-world settings. Materials engage questions about culture, livelihoods, ethics, law, deception, and morality. Examines diverse theoretical models and definitions of corruption. Explores the forms and dynamics of corruption in different case studies; diverse institutional meanings, processes, and consequences of corruption; anti-corruption responses; and representations of corruption in film, art, and popular culture. Four credit hours. I. KHALIL
AY313fs Researching Cultural Diversity Focus on ethnography as both the central research strategy of anthropologists and the written text produced by such research. Examines anthropological methods of data collection and ethnographic writing as these encompass not only the discipline's historical focus on localized communities but also contemporary understandings of connections to global processes, the analysis of complex inequalities, and a reflexive and engaged relationship with the human world. Explores practical strategies for conducting ethnographic research, including interviewing, observation, and other modes of qualitative data collection, the ethical issues presented by such research, and the application of analytical and theoretical models. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and a 200-level anthropology course and sophomore standing. Four credit hours. STROHL, TATE
AY333fs Contemporary Theory An analysis of the contemporary state of cultural anthropology through the investigation of contemporary theoretical approaches of central importance to the discipline. Examination of key theoretical concepts and their relevance for designing research questions, generating ethnographic perspectives, and building anthropological knowledge. Special attention to political economy, symbolic anthropology, poststructuralism, reflexive anthropology, postmodernism, and feminist and postcolonial anthropology. Assignments include both written and oral modes of analysis; strong emphasis on discussion and collaborative debate. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and a 200-level anthropology course and junior or senior standing. Four credit hours. BESTEMAN, BHIMULL
AY341f Culture, Mobility, Identity: Encounters in the African Diaspora Use of text, film, food, and music to examine how African and African-descended people made and remade the modern world. Surveys how past and present cultural practices dialogically shaped the formation, transformation, and flows of the diaspora. Attention to the dynamics of circulation, contact, exchange, and estrangement facilitates travels through the Afro-Atlantic world. Inquiry into archives and other sites of memory enables consideration of the scale, scope, and impact of black action and imagination. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 or American Studies 276. Four credit hours. S, I. BHIMULL
[AY348] Postcolonial Literatures Listed as English 348. Four credit hours. L, I.
AY352s Transnational Social Movements: From Internationalism to Occupy Listed as Global Studies 352. Four credit hours. S. RAZSA
[AY353] Globalization and Human Rights in China Listed as East Asian Studies 353. Four credit hours. S.
AY361s Militaries, Militarization, and War Examines the ways in which military conflict and institutions shape and are shaped by cultural, economic, and political forces in contemporary societies, especially in the Americas. Topics include the role of military service in creating and reinforcing gender norms, citizenship, and national identities; the ways in which war and militarized violence are experienced and commemorated; and ongoing controversy over counterinsurgency, internal defense, and modern forms of warfare. Students will develop their ethnographic skills through research and presentations. Formerly offered as Anthropology 398B. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. S. TATE
AY363s Secrecy and Power This seminar examines the use of secrecy in political, religious, and social contexts. Students will engage with theoretical, ethnographic, and historical texts to trace the development of key analytical, methodological, and ethical issues concerning the anthropological study of concealment. Topics will vary according to student interest but may include transparency, surveillance, publicity, privacy, passing, argots, codes and ciphers, dissimulation, esotericism, and epistemology. Students will complete an independent research project on the use of secrecy in a historical or social context of their choosing. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. I. STROHL
[AY371] Japanese Language, Gender, and Sexuality Listed as East Asian Studies 371. Four credit hours. I.
AY373f The Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality Gender and sexuality represent fundamental categories of human social and cultural experience; in every human society, understandings about gender and sexuality constitute powerful aspects of individual identity that shape and are shaped by key aspects of social relations and cultural belief. Yet specific beliefs and social structures vary tremendously across cultures. An investigation of the varied ethnography of gender and sexuality as well as important theoretical concerns: how meanings are attached to the human body, production and reproduction of gender hierarchies, and processes by which gender and sexual meanings (and associated social forms) may be transformed or contested in societies. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112 and one other anthropology course. Four credit hours. U. MILLS
AY397Af Public Anthropology An exploration of innovative ways in which anthropology is used for proactive, public engagement in policy implementation and transformative social action. We review the history of disciplinary efforts at public engagement and experiment with our own approaches to engagement using ethnography, cultural critique, and collaborative methodologies. Students will develop oral and written communication skills through individual and collaborative projects, experiment with different ethnographic genres, and assess the effectiveness of different approaches to public engagement. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112. Four credit hours. BESTEMAN
AY397Bf Human Trafficking: Concepts, Problems, Responses Human trafficking and modern-day slavery are human rights violations that remain disturbingly widespread in today's world. Trafficking in human beings occurs on every continent; it involves men, women, and children coerced into unfree and exploitative activities: agricultural labor, sex work, military conflict, and more. Case-based readings and assignments enable students to analyze actual trafficking situations and assess appropriate responses. By developing their own research-based action plan, students practice real-world problem solving, oral and written communication skills, and the collaborative decision-making processes critical to policy implementation. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher standing. Four credit hours. KHALIL
AY437f Media, Culture, and the Political Imagination Listed as Global Studies 437. Four credit hours. RAZSA
AY451s Ethnicity, Nationalism, and the State in Europe Listed as Global Studies 451. Four credit hours. RAZSA
AY462s Global Mobilities: Movements, Modernities, Citizenships In today's world, dramatic flows of people, goods, and ideas enable claims to new (and newly imaginable) identities while at the same time challenging familiar norms and social structures. Ethnographic case studies from Asia, the United States, and elsewhere explore the diverse ways in which contemporary modernities, citizenships, and mobilities constitute dynamic fields of social meaning as well as critical arenas of cultural, political, and social struggle. Students will design and carry out a significant independent research project exploring course themes resulting in a substantive analytical paper and an oral presentation. Prerequisite: Anthropology 112, one 300-level or two 200-level anthropology courses, and senior standing. Four credit hours. MILLS
[AY474] Anthropology as Public Engagement An exploration of innovative ways in which anthropology is used for proactive, public engagement in global, national, institutional, and local information networks, program planning, policy implementation, and transformative social action. Examined are past, present, and envisioned future engagements in various social fields spanning several disciplines, including economic development, environmental protection, labor relations, education, tourism, health care, human rights, gender equity, indigenous rights, state polity and law, nongovernmental organizations, popular media, and social movements. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing as an anthropology major. Four credit hours.
AY483f, 484s Honors in Anthropology Prerequisite: Senior standing, admission to the honors program, and permission of the supervising faculty member. Three or four credit hours. FACULTY
AY491f, 492s Independent Study Individual topics in areas where the student has demonstrated the interest and competence necessary for independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Two to four credit hours. FACULTY