Study in Black and White: Photography, Race, Humor (University Park: Penn State University Press, 2018); winner of a 2018 Terra Foundation for American Art International Publication Grant

Photography and Migration, ed. (London: Routledge, 2018)

Grove Art Guide to Photography, ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017)

Photography and Its Origins, ed. with Andres Mario Zervigon (London: Routledge, 2015)

Photography, History, Difference, ed. (Hanover: Dartmouth College Press, 2014)

Doctored: The Medicine of Photography in Nineteenth-Century America (University Park: Penn State University Press, 2011)






“Business as Usual? Scientific Operations in the Early Portrait Studio,” in To Make Their Own Way in the World: The Enduring Legacy of the Zealy Daguerreotypes, ed. Ilisa Barbash, Molly Rogers, and Deborah Willis (New York: Aperture; Cambridge: Peabody Museum Press, expected publication 2020)

“Color Matters: Rethinking Photography and Race,” in The Colors of Photography, ed. Bettina Gockel (Berlin: De Gruyter, expected publication 2020)

“From the Files: A Century of Black Photographers,” Manual (RISD) 13 (Fall 2019): 14-15

“Archiving the Regional,” Archives of American Art Journal 58, no. 2 (Fall 2019): 82-91

“Vernacular Photography: A Plurality of Purposes,” in Pictures with Purpose: Early Photography at the National Museum of African American History and Culture, ed. Laura Coyle and Michèle Gates Moresi (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2019), 16-22

“Playing the Race Card: Thomas Le Clear’s High, Jack, Game,” Panorama 4, no. 2 (Fall 2018),

“Staging Emancipation: Race and Reconstruction in American Photographic Humor,” in Before-and-After Photography: History and Contexts, ed. Jordan Bear and Kate Palmer Albers (London: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing, 2017), 139-152

“Photography and Migration: Keywords,” series of five essays published by Fotomuseum Winterthur’s blog, Still Searching (March-April 2017),

“Redrawing the Lines: American Folk and Academic Portraiture” (28-34) and catalogue entries on folk portraits by Joshua Johnson (46-47) and Sturtevant Hamblen (128-129), in A Usable Past: Folk Art at the Colby College Museum of Art, ed. Lauren Lessing (Waterville: Colby College Museum of Art, 2016)

“Aesthetic Harmonies: Whistler in Context,” in Whistler and the World: The Lunder Collection of James McNeill Whistler at the Colby College Museum of Art, ed. Justin McCann (Waterville: Colby College Museum of Art, 2015), 229-241

“Comical Conflations: Racial Identity and the Science of Photography,” in No Laughing Matter: Visual Humor in Ideas of Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity, ed. Adrian Randolph and David Bindman (Hanover: UPNE, 2015), 201-230

“A Time and a Place: Rethinking Race in American Art History,” in A Companion to American Art, ed. John Davis, Jennifer A. Greenhill, and Jason D. LaFountain (Oxford: Blackwell Press, 2015), 49-67

“Confronting Taboo: Photography and the Art of Jacob Lawrence,” American Art 28, no. 3 (fall 2014): 28-51; winner of the 2014 Patricia and Phillip Frost Essay Award

“Ordinary Masters: Mike Disfarmer and the Reclamation of Vernacular Photography,” in Becoming Disfarmer, ed. Chelsea Spengemann (Purchase: Neuberger Museum of Art, 2014), 103-114

“Marketing Racism: Popular Imagery in the US and Europe,” co-authored with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., in The Image of the Black in Western Art, Vol. 5, The Twentieth Century, ed. David Bindman and Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014), 29-42

“Looking Pleasant, Feeling White: The Social Politics of the Photographic Smile,” in Feeling Photography, ed. Elspeth Brown and Thy Phu (Durham: Duke University Press, 2014), 127-157

“Retouch Yourself: The Pleasures and Politics of Digital Cosmetic Surgery,” in Digital Snaps: The New Face of Photography, ed. Jonas Larsen and Mette Sandbye (London: I. B. Tauris, 2013), 181-204

Re-views: Reflections on Photography,” (October 1, 2013)

“In a New Light: Early African American Photography,” American Studies 52, no. 3 (June 2013): 7-24

“Comical Conflations: Racial Identity and the Science of Photography,” Photography & Culture 4, no. 2 (July 2011): 133-156

“Faith Ringgold: Forging Freedom and Declaring Independence,” and “Faith Ringgold and Rutgers University: A Selected Chronology,” in A Declaration of Independence: 50 Years of Art by Faith Ringgold, ed. Judith K. Brodsky and Ferris Olin (New Brunswick: Institute for Women and Art, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2009), 3-12, 50-51

“The Critical Eye: Reading Commercial Photography,” American Quarterly 58, no. 4 (December 2006): 1199-1206



Distinguished Scholar and Director of Research, Lunder Institute for American Art, 2018-

Executive Editor, Archives of American Art Journal, Smithsonian Institution, 2015-

Elected Member, American Antiquarian Society, 2019-

Research Associate, Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, Harvard University, 2012-

Editorial Board Member, Photography & Culture, Taylor & Francis, 2012-