## BH4+

 H3 | B1 - H2 / \ | H4 H5
The ion charge is 1.

## Atomic Charges and Dipole Moment

B1 charge= 0.411
H2 charge= 0.234
H3 charge= 0.058
H4 charge= 0.059
H5 charge= 0.235
with a dipole moment of 2.44381 Debye

## Bond Lengths:

between B1 and H2: distance=1.381 ang___ between B1 and H3: distance=1.194 ang___
between B1 and H4: distance=1.194 ang___ between B1 and H5: distance=1.380 ang___
between H2 and H5: distance=0.862 ang___

## Bond Angles:

for H3-B1-H2: angle=92.82 deg___ for H4-B1-H2: angle=129.1 deg___
for H5-B1-H2: angle=36.37 deg___

## Bond Orders (Mulliken):

between B1 and H2: order=0.382___ between B1 and H3: order=0.956___
between B1 and H4: order=0.955___ between B1 and H5: order=0.382___
between H2 and H5: order=0.533___

## Best Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure that is closest to your structure is determined. The hybridization of the atoms in this idealized Lewis structure is given in the table below. Please note that your structure can't be well described by a single Lewis structure, because of extensive delocalization.

### Hybridization in the Best Lewis Structure

1. A bonding orbital for B1-H3 with 1.9729 electrons
__has 50.65% B 1 character in a sp1.27 hybrid
__has 49.35% H 3 character in a s orbital

2. A bonding orbital for B1-H4 with 1.9728 electrons
__has 50.64% B 1 character in a sp1.27 hybrid
__has 49.36% H 4 character in a s orbital

3. A bonding orbital for H2-H5 with 1.5202 electrons
__has 49.98% H 2 character in a s orbital
__has 50.02% H 5 character in a s orbital

5. A lone pair orbital for B1 with 0.4604 electrons
__made from a s0.41 p3 hybrid

-With core pairs on: B 1 -

#### Donor Acceptor Interactions in the Best Lewis Structure

The localized orbitals in your best Lewis structure can interact strongly. A filled bonding or lone pair orbital can act as a donor and an empty or filled bonding, antibonding, or lone pair orbital can act as an acceptor. These interactions can strengthen and weaken bonds. For example, a lone pair donor->antibonding acceptor orbital interaction will weaken the bond associated with the antibonding orbital. Conversly, an interaction with a bonding pair as the acceptor will strengthen the bond. Strong electron delocalization in your best Lewis structure will also show up as donor-acceptor interactions.
Interactions greater than 20 kJ/mol for bonding and lone pair orbitals are listed below.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 1, for B1-H3 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 48, for H2-H5 is 61.3 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 2, for B1-H4 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 48, for H2-H5 is 61.6 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 3, for H2-H5 with the lone pair acceptor orbital, 5, for B1 is 1925 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 3, for H2-H5 with the second lone pair acceptor orbital, 6, for B1 is 4.76 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 3, for H2-H5 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 46, for B1-H3 is 13.7 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 3, for H2-H5 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 47, for B1-H4 is 13.7 kJ/mol.

## Molecular Orbital Energies

The orbital energies are given in eV, where 1 eV=96.49 kJ/mol. Orbitals with very low energy are core 1s orbitals. More antibonding orbitals than you might expect are sometimes listed, because d orbitals are always included for heavy atoms and p orbitals are included for H atoms. Up spins are shown with a ^ and down spins are shown as v.

8 ----- -4.126

7 ----- -7.097

6 ----- -7.496

5 ----- -11.61

4 -^-v- -17.52

3 -^-v- -18.23

2 -^-v- -24.05

1 -^-v- -185.4

## Total Electronic Energy

The total electronic energy is a very large number, so by convention the units are given in atomic units, that is Hartrees (H). One Hartree is 2625.5 kJ/mol. The energy reference is for totally dissociated atoms. In other words, the reference state is a gas consisting of nuclei and electrons all at infinite distance from each other. The electronic energy includes all electric interactions and the kinetic energy of the electrons. This energy does not include translation, rotation, or vibration of the the molecule.

Total electronic energy = -26.8353722955 Hartrees