## CH2=SiH2

 H3 H6 \ / C1 = SI2 / \ H4 H5
Tell me about the atomic charges, dipole moment, bond lengths, angles, bond orders,
molecular orbital energies, or total energy.
Tell me about the best Lewis structure.

## Atomic Charges and Dipole Moment

C1 charge=-1.088
SI2 charge= 0.663
H3 charge= 0.333
H4 charge= 0.332
H5 charge=-0.120
H6 charge=-0.120
with a dipole moment of 0.70015 Debye

## Bond Lengths:

between C1 and SI2: distance=1.728 ang___ between C1 and H3: distance=1.095 ang___
between C1 and H4: distance=1.095 ang___ between SI2 and H5: distance=1.498 ang___
between SI2 and H6: distance=1.498 ang___

## Bond Angles:

for H3-C1-SI2: angle=122.0 deg___ for H4-C1-SI2: angle=121.8 deg___
for H5-SI2-C1: angle=122.3 deg___ for H6-SI2-C1: angle=122.4 deg___

## Bond Orders (Mulliken):

between C1 and SI2: order=1.841___ between C1 and H3: order=0.938___
between C1 and H4: order=0.938___ between SI2 and H5: order=0.987___
between SI2 and H6: order=0.987___

## Best Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure that is closest to your structure is determined. The hybridization of the atoms in this idealized Lewis structure is given in the table below.

### Hybridization in the Best Lewis Structure

1. A bonding orbital for C1-Si2 with 1.9999 electrons
__has 64.13% C 1 character in a p-pi orbital ( 99.90% p 0.10% d)
__has 35.87% Si 2 character in a p-pi orbital ( 98.97% p 1.03% d)

2. A bonding orbital for C1-Si2 with 1.9927 electrons
__has 69.42% C 1 character in a sp1.46 hybrid
__has 30.58% Si 2 character in a sp1.53 hybrid

3. A bonding orbital for C1-H3 with 1.9912 electrons
__has 60.98% C 1 character in a sp2.35 hybrid
__has 39.02% H 3 character in a s orbital

4. A bonding orbital for C1-H4 with 1.9911 electrons
__has 60.98% C 1 character in a sp2.36 hybrid
__has 39.02% H 4 character in a s orbital

5. A bonding orbital for Si2-H5 with 1.9838 electrons
__has 40.54% Si 2 character in a sp2.25 hybrid
__has 59.46% H 5 character in a s orbital

6. A bonding orbital for Si2-H6 with 1.9839 electrons
__has 40.54% Si 2 character in a sp2.25 hybrid
__has 59.46% H 6 character in a s orbital

-With core pairs on: C 1 Si 2 Si 2 Si 2 Si 2 Si 2 -

#### Donor Acceptor Interactions in the Best Lewis Structure

The localized orbitals in your best Lewis structure can interact strongly. A filled bonding or lone pair orbital can act as a donor and an empty or filled bonding, antibonding, or lone pair orbital can act as an acceptor. These interactions can strengthen and weaken bonds. For example, a lone pair donor->antibonding acceptor orbital interaction will weaken the bond associated with the antibonding orbital. Conversly, an interaction with a bonding pair as the acceptor will strengthen the bond. Strong electron delocalization in your best Lewis structure will also show up as donor-acceptor interactions.
Interactions greater than 20 kJ/mol for bonding and lone pair orbitals are listed below.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 5, for Si2-H5 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 79, for Si2-H6 is 21.6 kJ/mol.

The interaction of bonding donor orbital, 6, for Si2-H6 with the antibonding acceptor orbital, 78, for Si2-H5 is 21.6 kJ/mol.

## Molecular Orbital Energies

The orbital energies are given in eV, where 1 eV=96.49 kJ/mol. Orbitals with very low energy are core 1s orbitals. More antibonding orbitals than you might expect are sometimes listed, because d orbitals are always included for heavy atoms and p orbitals are included for H atoms. Up spins are shown with a ^ and down spins are shown as v.

16 ----- 1.490

15 ----- 0.677

14 ----- 0.011

13 ----- -2.239

12 -^-v- -5.748

11 -^-v- -8.601

10 -^-v- -8.736

9 -^-v- -10.24

8 -^-v- -12.54

7 -^-v- -16.38

6 -^-v- -94.18

5 -^-v- -94.29

4 -^-v- -94.45

3 -^-v- -136.6

2 -^-v- -266.2

1 -^-v- -1772.

## Total Electronic Energy

The total electronic energy is a very large number, so by convention the units are given in atomic units, that is Hartrees (H). One Hartree is 2625.5 kJ/mol. The energy reference is for totally dissociated atoms. In other words, the reference state is a gas consisting of nuclei and electrons all at infinite distance from each other. The electronic energy includes all electric interactions and the kinetic energy of the electrons. This energy does not include translation, rotation, or vibration of the the molecule.

Total electronic energy = -329.9819875302 Hartrees