Published February 26, 2007 | Issue: Winter 2007
The Callendar Effect
James Rodger Fleming
(science, technology and society)
American Meteorological Society (2006)
Who discovered that global warming could be brought about by humans increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere? (No, it wasn't Al Gore.) In an award-winning new book, Fleming tells the story of Guy Stewart Callendar, the pioneering British scientist who discovered the dynamics of global warming"in 1938. Using never-before-published original scientific correspondence, notebooks, family letters, and photographs, science historian Fleming introduces us to one of Britain's leading engineers and explains his life and work through two World Wars to his continuing legacy as the scientist who established The Callendar Effect.
Women and Religion in the African Diaspora
Cheryl Townsend Gilkes (sociology, African-American studies), contributor
Johns Hopkins University Press (2006)
A collection of essays exploring how women of African descent have practiced religion in their lives. The book focuses on women of Christian denominations, African and Afro-Caribbean traditions, and Islam, and it has been hailed as "truly groundbreaking." Said scholar Cornel West, "This monumental text is the definitive examination of the rich and complex doings and sufferings of religious women of African descent." Gilkes's essay is titled, "Exploring the Religious Connection: Black Women Community Workers, Religious Agency, and the Force of Faith."
Heroes and Hero Cults in Latin America
Ben Fallaw (history, Latin American studies) and Samuel Brunk, editors
University of Texas Press (2006)
Through original essays on 10 modern Latin American heroes, Brunk, associate professor of history at the University of Texas at El Paso, and Fallaw bring heroes back to the debate on Latin American history, moving away from the emphasis on social and cultural factors found in more recent scholarship on the region. With charisma derived more from relationships with admirers than personal qualities, heroes not only shape history, but also "tell us a great deal about the places from where they come," Brunk and Fallaw write. In the end, the editors argue, there is no formula for Latin American heroes, who both forge, and are forged by, unique national events.
Hundred Dollar Baby
Robert B. Parker '54
Parker has gone on to create two other successful crime-novel series but his legions of fans still clamor for his first creation, Spenser, the iconic Boston private eye. In this, the 34th in the series, Spenser comes to the aid of Boston madame April Kyle, first rescued in Ceremony (1982). The trail of deception leads to New York con artists and hoodlums and offers lots of airtime for sidekick Hawk and paramour Susan. This is classic Parker: crackling dialogue, sexy repartee, and the wisest wisecracks in crime fiction.
In this show of her recent work, Courtenaye uses actual marginalia found in 19th century penmanship manuals and other documents, incorporating the formal pen strokes into her layered paintings. "The penmanship instructor's original intent of control, resolution and clarity is often obscured by placing these lines and letters into deep fields of saturated color," the artist has written. "But what emerges, I hope, is a reanimation of these strokes and perhaps a reconsideration of the expressiveness of the written word."