Courses for 2013-2014 Academic Year

ES118s    Environment and Society     
An interdisciplinary study of human relationships with and impacts on the environment. Examination of important local, national, and global environmental issues by exploring causes and methods for investigating these pressing problems, as well as possible solutions, from scientific and public-policy perspectives. Students explore important literature and ideas in the field to complement the lectures, conduct an original, semester-long, group research project, and complete a variety of writing assignments.   Four credit hours.   COLE, MCCLENACHAN, REYNOLDS
ES120f    Losing Ground: Community Responses to Environmental Hazards   
An introduction to community-level environmental problems related to hazardous waste and the impacts on and responses of affected communities. Explores the concept of environmental justice and how the risk of hazardous exposures is related to race, ethnicity, class, and gender. We discuss U.S. policy debates on hazardous waste regulation and environmental injustice claims, and we consider the evidence for the inequitable distribution of environmental quality and adverse health impacts, the mechanisms for environmental and public health decision-making, and community access to informational resources and empowerment.     Four credit hours.  W1.    CARLSON
ES126f    Environmental Activism
An introduction to the history, theory, and practice of environmental activism, incorporating both global and local perspectives. Students explore the social phenomena that underlay human action in the environmental arena, taking an interdisciplinary approach that encompasses history, social movement and political theory, media studies, gender studies, psychology, and first-person narratives. Goals include 1) developing effective skills in critical reading, analysis, and communication; 2) developing an appreciation for the vastness and diversity of human responses to environmental challenges; and 3) providing the opportunity for students to apply their emerging leadership and organizing skills to the design of a student environmental group. Part of the three-course Integrated Studies 126, “The Green Cluster.” Prerequisite:  Concurrent enrollment in Biology 131 (lab section B) and English 126. (Elect IS126.)     Four credit hours.  S,W1.    CARLSON
ES131f    Biodiversity      Listed as Biology 131.     Four credit hours.  N,Lb.    BEVIER

ES143j    Sustainable and Socially Responsible Business  
Provides students with a broad overview of sustainable and socially-responsible business principles and the ways in which companies have incorporated them into their organizations. Through a series of readings, lectures, guest speakers, and real-world case studies, students will be exposed to the issues and opportunities facing “green businesses”. Includes small group and individual presentations.Previously offered as Environmental Studies 197A (January 2013).     Three credit hours.    PENNEY
ES151j    Landscapes and Meaning: An Exploration of Environmental Writing     
An exploration of the works of selected 20th-century environmental writers and how their life experiences contribute to a sense of connection with and action on behalf of the Earth. Through readings, film, writing assignments, group discussion, and journaling, students will develop critical thinking and communication skills while reflecting on their own personal relationship with nature. Previously offered as Environmental Studies 197C (January 2010, 2013).     Three credit hours.  L.    MACKENZIE
ES212s    Introduction to GIS and Remote Sensing
A comprehensive theoretical and practical introduction to the fundamental principles of geographic information systems and remote sensing digital image processing. Topics include data sources and models, map scales and projections, spatial analysis, elementary satellite image interpretation and manipulation, and global positioning systems. Current issues and applications of GIS, with emphasis on environmental topics. Students develop and carry out independent projects using GIS. Prerequisite:  Sophomore or higher standing. Not open to students who have completed Environmental Studies 214.     Four credit hours.    GIMOND
ES214f    Introduction to GIS and Spatial Analysis
An introduction to geographic information systems’ (GIS) data management and visualization capabilities as well as the theory and application of spatial analysis techniques. Topics covered include spatial data representation in a GIS, effective map making, coordinate systems and projections, exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA), and spatial statistical analysis. Prerequisite:  Sophomore or higher standing. Not open to students who have completed Environmental Studies 212.     Four credit hours.    GIMOND
[ES214J]    Introduction to GIS and Spatial Analysis
An introduction to geographic information systems’ (GIS) data management and visualization capabilities as well as the theory and application of spatial analysis techniques. Topics covered include spatial data representation in a GIS, effective map making, coordinate systems and projections, exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA), and spatial statistical analysis. Prerequisite:  Sophomore or higher standing. Not open to students who have completed Environmental Studies 212.     Three credit hours.  GIMOND
[ES215]    Weather, Climate, and Society      Listed as Science, Technology, and Society 215.     Four credit hours.  N.
[ES217]    Environmental Chemistry      Listed as Chemistry 217.     Three credit hours.
ES231s    Environmental and Natural Resource Economics      Listed as Economics 231.     Three credit hours.    DISSANAYAKE
ES233fs    Environmental Policy
A comprehensive and interdisciplinary introduction to the process and challenges of developing, implementing, and evaluating environmental policy. The roles of costs and benefits, uncertainty and risks, science and technology, and attitudes and ethics are explored. Historic and contemporary case studies are used to examine major institutions and actors, laws and regulations, incentives and enforcement approaches, and their role in addressing our nation’s most pressing environmental problems. Students complete a semester-long research assignment. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118.     Four credit hours.    SPEZIO
ES234s    International Environmental Policy
Examines how communities, nations, and international organizations govern the use of natural resources including water, land, forests, fisheries, and the global climate. Through case studies and international environmental treaty analyses we will develop an understanding of global environmental issues, explore complementarities and tradeoffs among local, national, and global approaches to environmental governance, highlight the environmental justice implications of various resource management regimes, and assess the effectiveness of policies to address major environmental problems. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118.     Four credit hours.  I.    REYNOLDS
ES242s    Marine Conservation and Policy  
Human activities and effects, including overfishing, water pollution, climate change, and benthic habitat destruction, have all had major impacts on ocean ecosystems. Through lectures and discussions we will investigate global, regional, and local threats to marine biodiversity and ecosystem function. Potential conservation solutions will be considered. Independent and group research projects will investigate the science and policy of marine conservation issues and will evaluate and synthesize information from scientific literature, popular media, and online discussions. Previously listed as Environmental Studies 342. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.    MCCLENACHAN
ES243f    Environmental Ethics      Listed as Philosophy 243.     Four credit hours.    ELMORE
ES265j    Global Public Health    
An introduction to the principles and measures of global health, disease burdens, and environmental determinants of health, including poverty, climate change, pollution, population, violence, and lack of safe food, clean water, and fuels. We will also study international health institutions, key actors, and environmental regimes for the regulation of environmental health hazards. Through small-group presentations and discussion we will explore global case studies that highlight the complex relationship between human health and the environment. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 or one course in the natural sciences.     Three credit hours.  I.    CARLSON
ES271f    Introduction to Ecology  
An introduction to ecological concepts applied to individuals, populations, and communities in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments. Concepts and theories related to adaptations of organisms to their physical environment, patterns of plant and animal diversity, population dynamics and interactions, and ecosystem structure and function are examined and applied to current environmental problems. Ecological sampling techniques are practiced during field trips taken to local terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Identification of common plant and animal species, and investigation of ecological relationships are emphasized. A research assignment helps enhance writing skills. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 or Biology 131 or 164. Not open to students who have completed Biology 263.     Four credit hours.  N,Lb.    COLE
ES276s    Exploring the Anthropocene: Human Impacts on Global Ecosystems     
Human activities are changing the environment in ways so numerous and extensive that some scientists have proposed we are in a new geological epoch, the “Anthropocene,” defined by human impacts on the landscape and ecosystem function. Through lectures, discussions, group projects, and laboratory exercises students will examine key elements of global ecosystem function, investigate how human activities have altered global ecosystems since the Industrial Revolution, and critically assess scientific evidence for anthropogenic changes. Global climate change will be investigated and placed in a broader context of anthropogenic change. We will also examine the concepts of tipping points to navigate future life in the Anthropocene. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 and one college-level science course.     Four credit hours.  N,Lb.    BRUESEWITZ
ES287j    Impact of Climate Change on Ocean Life
The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere recently passed 400 parts per million, the highest level seen in three million years. Increased CO2 is causing the oceans to warm and become more acidic. We will explore the connections, past and present, between the oceans and climate and will examine how current changes impact marine life. Emphasis is on microbial ecosystems that form the base of marine food webs and have a major impact on ocean health. Students will explore the primary scientific literature and work on written and oral presentation skills. Can be repeated once for additional credit. Prerequisite:  One semester of mathematics or science; a biology course is highly recommended.     Three credit hours.  N.    EMERSON
ES297f    Energy and Sustainability
Closely related issues involving energy, the environment, and the economy greatly affect our world. Society faces far-reaching choices on these issues, which will shape our future, including the types of energy we use, the quality of the environment in which we live, and the global economy in which we work. We will examine these choices and their long-term implications. Through lectures, discussions, and writing assignments, students will be provided tools necessary to analyze the current and emerging global energy industry and to analyze challenges to the creation of a sustainable energy future. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118.     Four credit hours.    SPEZIO
ES297Bj    Diversity and Function of Life in Marine Ecosystems      Listed as Biology 297.     Three credit hours.  N.    COUNTWAY
ES331f    Natural Resource Economics      Listed as Economics 341. Prerequisite:  Economics 223.     Four credit hours.    DISSANAYAKE
ES343f    Environmental Change  
Investigation of the relationship between past environmental history and current ecosystem condition. Landscape change and ecological restoration across a range of Maine ecosystems including forests, wetlands, rivers, marine environments, with an emphasis on ecological theory. The impacts of past and present human activities including forestry, fishing, and industrial and residential development. Students will read scientific literature, practice ecological field and laboratory methods, enhance data analysis and writing skills, and complete a research project designed to evaluate environmental change and recovery potential in a local landscape, riverscape, or seascape. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 271 and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.    MCCLENACHAN
[ES344]    Marine Fisheries Management
Managing marine fisheries represents one of the most significant challenges in the conservation of global resources. We explore political, cultural, and ecological factors essential for successful management. Through lectures, discussions, and readings, students become familiar with global fisheries issues, including high seas management, initiatives to protect the food security and biodiversity of tropical island nations, and management of marine and anadromous fish in the United States. Through a field-based, group research project, students will investigate challenges involved with managing marine fish populations in Maine. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 or 271, and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.
[ES347]    Tropical Forests and Rural Livelihoods  
Examines the environmental, economic, and cultural roles of tropical forests in rural communities. Lectures and readings underscore the environmental justice implications of global, national, and local forest management regimes, emphasizing benefits and costs of deforestation, afforestation, reforestation, restoration, and conservation in tropical regions. Through case studies and independent research we critically analyze current tropical forest issues, contrasting traditional, private-sector, state-based, and international approaches to contemporary forest management problems. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.  I.
ES352s    Advanced and Applied Ecology
An examination of theoretical and applied aspects of ecology at the organism, population, and community levels. Study of environmental tolerance and adaptation of plant and animal species; population dynamics; population competition, trophic relationships, and coevolutionary interactions; community structure and organization; succession; and biogeography. Emphasis on the relevance of theory and concepts to solving environmental problems. Laboratory exercises explore principles of experimental design and ecological sampling techniques. A research assignment helps to enhance writing and presentation skills. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 271 and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.    COLE
ES356s    Aquatic Ecology  
Concern over the impact of human activities on aquatic communities and ecosystems has brought aquatic ecology to the forefront of public attention. Through lecture, discussion, writing assignments, and laboratory work, students will explore the major ecological principles that influence the physical, chemical, and biological organization of aquatic ecosystems. Experimental approaches and sampling techniques used by limnologists will be employed in local lakes, streams, and rivers, as well as in the laboratory to investigate topics of concern in freshwater ecosystems, including eutrophication, pollution, land use change, invasive species, and the impact of climate change. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 271, and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.    BRUESEWITZ
ES358j    Ecological Field Study in Belize
This field course emphasizes the biological diversity and ecological relationships between the flora and fauna of selected tropical ecosystems in Belize. Students will conduct qualitative and quantitative field investigations to study coral reef and tropical rainforest ecology and the environmental challenges. They will learn to identify indigenous flora and vertebrate fauna, and explore the culture and environmental ethic of Kekchi and Mayan Indian villages. Lectures, films, and discussions of assigned readings during the first week will be followed by a 20-day field trip. Cost to be determined. Financial aid is available for qualified students. Prerequisite: Biology 131 or 164 or Environmental Studies 118, and permission of the instructor. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118, or Biology 131 or 164, and permission of the instructor.     Three credit hours.    COLE, RUEGER
ES366s    The Environment and Human Health
How human health is affected by physical, chemical, biological, and social environments; how we use science to measure effects of these determinants at the level of cell, tissue, individual, and population; how we assess these determinants to make regulatory decisions. Topics include introductions to toxicology, epidemiology, and risk assessment; health effects of pollution, synthetic chemicals, consumer products, climate change, and the built environment; the etiology of health outcomes including cancer, obesity, endocrine disruption, and respiratory diseases. Students use primary scientific literature for independent research and, when appropriate, engage in environmental health policy debates in Congress and/or the Maine legislature. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118 or 126, and sophomore or higher standing.     Four credit hours.  N.    CARLSON
ES378f    Geologic Environments in the Marine Realm      Listed as Geology 378.     Three credit hours.  N.    RUEGER
ES398As    Energy Policy since the Industrial Revolution
Coal, oil, and natural gas continue to be the primary sources of energy in the United States and the world. These three fossil fuels have dominated domestic and foreign policy decisions since the rise of coal in the United Kingdom. Through lectures and discussions we will explore U.S. energy policy, including the federal government’s and the American public’s conficted relationship with renewable and non-fossil fuel energy sources. Students will examine, evaluate, and analyze actions and decisions of the federal government, industry, and nongovernmental organizations as they relate to energy and the environment. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118.     Four credit hours.    SPEZIO
ES398Bs    Environmental History and Issues Through Film
Film is an important medium for educating the public about environmental issues and human impacts on the environment. Movies can directly reveal environmental themes (Day After Tomorrow) or can situate the film in a particular time period without directly addressing the environmental theme (Chinatown). Through lectures, discussions, and films, students will explore how filmgoers are introduced to environmental issues and history. Students will also examine what these films reveal about public perceptions of the environment at the time the films were released. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 118.     Four credit hours.    SPEZIO
ES401f, 402s    Environmental Studies Colloquium  
Attendance at selected program colloquia during the fall and spring semesters; written reflections to be submitted. Required of all senior environmental studies majors. Typically taken in addition to a normal four-course semester. One credit hour for the year. Prerequisite:  Senior standing in environmental studies.         COLE
ES476s    Seminar: Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity      Listed as Economics 476.     Four credit hours.    DISSANAYAKE
ES484s    Honors in Environmental Studies
Majors approved for admission into the Environmental Studies Honors Program may elect this for the January Program or the spring semester. Requires research conducted under the guidance of a faculty member and focused on an approved topic leading to the writing of a thesis. A maximum of eight credits (including Environmental Studies 491 in the fall semester) may be earned in honors work. Upon successful completion of the thesis, an oral presentation, and all requirements for the major, the student will graduate “With Honors in Environmental Studies.” Prerequisite:  Senior standing and a 3.50 grade point average in the major at the end of the junior year or permission of the program.     One to four credit hours.    FACULTY
ES491f, 492s    Independent Study
Independent study devoted to a topic chosen by the student with the approval of the program committee. Prerequisite:  Junior or senior standing as an environmental studies major or minor.   One to four credit hours.    FACULTY
ES493f    Environmental Policy Practicum
An in-depth analysis of current issues and policies affecting the environment. Students work individually and collaboratively on a project with a common theme and are assigned unique roles as researchers, editors, and technical coordinators. Reading and discussion of primary literature is augmented with invited speakers, field trips, and student presentations. Section A has an international emphasis while section B focuses on domestic issues. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 233 (for domestic emphasis) or 234 (for international emphasis), and senior standing as an environmental studies policy major.     Four credit hours.    MCCLENACHAN, REYNOLDS
ES494f    Problems in Environmental Science
Causes of and solutions to selected environmental problems are investigated through lectures, laboratory and fieldwork, discussions, and guest presentations. Focuses on completion of a group research project with methods used by private consulting firms and governmental agencies to investigate aquatic environmental problems such as eutrophication or the spread of invasive species. Research results are presented in a public forum at the end of the semester. Civic engagement component provides useful information to the community and the state, and gives students experience interacting with interested stakeholders. Skill development includes research, communication (both oral and written), and collaborative work skills. Prerequisite:  Environmental Studies 271 and senior standing as an environmental science major.     Five credit hours.    BRUESEWITZ