James Rodger Fleming



The Callendar Effect: The Life and Work of Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964). Boston: American Meteorological Society, 2007.

Biography of the scientist who established the carbon dioxide theory of climate change. Book received the 2007 Gold Book Award from the Society of National Association Publishers and the 2006 ASLI CHOICE Award in the History of Meteorology Category from the Atmospheric Science Librarians International.

Historical Perspectives on Climate Change. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998; paperback edition 2005.

Based on primary and archival sources, this intriguing volume provides a thorough examination of the historical roots of global climate change as a field of inquiry, from the Enlightenment to the late twentieth century.

Meteorology in America, 1800-1870. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990; paperback edition 2000.

Between 1800 and 1870 meteorology emerged as both a legitimate science and a government service in America. This book shows how the 1840s debate over the nature and causes of storms led to a "meteorological crusade" that would transform both theory and practice.


Intimate Universality: Local and Global Themes in the History of Weather and Climate, edited by James Rodger Fleming, Vladimir Jankovic, and Deborah R. Coen. Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications/USA, 2006.

These essays, from eight of the leading historians of weather and climate, illuminate the hopes and struggles of researchers and practitioners from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries, across a diverse set of issues both local and the global.

History of Meteorology, vols. 1-3 (2004-06), ISSN 1555-5763. James R. Fleming, editor.

Peer-reviewed journal of the International Commission on History of Meteorology (ICHM) featuring historical articles from international contributors.

The Papers of Guy Stewart Callendar on DVD. Boston: American Meteorological Society, 2007.

Digital collection of the papers of the scientist who established the carbon dioxide theory of climate change. Companion volume to the Callendar Effect.

Weathering the Storm: Sverre Petterssen, the D-Day Forecast and the Rise of Modern Meteorology. Boston: American Meteorological Society, 2001.

Memoirs of one of the founders of modern meteorology, the Norwegian meteorologist involved in the D-Day forecast.

Historical Essays on Meteorology, 1919-1995. Boston: American Meteorological Society, 1996.

The diamond anniversay history volume of the American Meteorological Society.

Science, Technology and the Environment: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Akron: University of Akron Press, 1994.

These essays provide a firsthand look at a broad spectrum of environmental issues, from the "two cultures" divide to the role of chaos theory in understanding nature, from the pros and cons of technical "fixes" to concerns about toxic waste dumps in minority neighborhoods. Out of print, but available through Amazon.com

Guide to Historical Resources in the Atmospheric Sciences. Revised Web edition, 1997. Boulder: National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1989. NCAR/TN-327+IA.

International Bibliography of Meteorology: From the Beginning of Printing to 1889. Upland, Pa.: Diane, 1994.

Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, vol. 30, no. 2 (2000).

Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, vol. 31, no. 3 (2000).


Selected Articles

"The Climate Engineers: Playing God to Save the Planet," Wilson Quarterly (Spring 2007): 46-60.

"Global Climate Change and Human Agency: Inadvertent influence and 'Archimedean' interventions," Intimate Universality: Local and Global Themes in the History of Weather and Climate, edited by J.R. Fleming, V. Jankovic, and D.R. Coen. Sagamore Beach, Mass.: Science History Publications/USA, 2006. pp. 223-248.

"The Pathological History of Weather and Climate Modification: Three cycles of promise and hype,"Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 37, no. 1 (2006): 3-25.

"Climate Dynamics, Science Dynamics, and Technological Dynamics, 1804-2004." From Beaufort to Bjerknes and Beyond ‚Äì Critical perspectives on observing, analyzing, and predicting weather and climate, ed. S. Emeis and C. LĂºdecke. MĂºnchen: Rauner, 2005. Special issue of Algorismus 52 (2005): 9-16.

"James Croll in Context: The encounter between climate dynamics and geology in the second half of the nineteenth century." Pp. 11-18 in Milutin Milankovic Anniversary Symposium: Paleoclimate and the Earth climate system, Belgrade, 30 August - 2 September 2004: invited lectures. A. Berger, M. Ercegovac, and F. Mesinger, ed. Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, 2005.

"Telegraphing the Weather: Military Meteorology, Strategy, and 'Homeland Security' on the American Frontier in the 1870s." Pp. 153-78 in Instrumental in War: Science, Research, and Instruments. Between Knowledge and the World, History of Warfare Series, vol. 28. Steven A. Walton, ed. Leiden: Brill Academic, 2005.

"Fixing the Weather and Climate: Military and Civilian Schemes for Cloud Seeding and Climate Engineering." Pp. 175-200 in The Technological Fix: How people use technology to create and solve problems, Lisa Rosner, ed. Hagley Center Studies in the History of Business and Technology. New York: Routledge, 2004.

"Global Environmental Change and the History of Science." Pp. 634-50 in Cambridge History of Science, vol. 5, The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences, edited by Mary Jo Nye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

"Meteorology," in A History of Modern Science and Mathematics, edited by Brian Biagre. New York: Scribner's, in press.

"Storms, Strikes, and Surveillance: The U.S. Army Signal Office, 1861-1891." Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 30, no. 2 (2000): 315-32.

"T.C. Chamberlin, Climate Change and Cosmogony." Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31, no. 3 (2000), 293-308.

"Joseph Fourier, the 'Greenhouse Effect,' and the Quest for a Universal Theory of Terrestrial Temperatures," Endeavour 23 (1999): 72-75.

"Charles Lyell and Climatic Change: Speculation and Certainty." Pp. 161-69 in D.J. Blundell and A.C. Scott, eds. Lyell: The past is the key to the present. Geological Society Special Publication 143. London, 1998.

"Arrhenius and Current Climate Concerns: Continuity or a 100-year Gap?" EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 79, no. 34 (Aug. 25, 1998): 405, 409-10. Reprinted in Earth in Space (Nov. 1998): 11-14.

Research Web Pages

Clean Air Act History (with Bethany R. Knorr), Boston: American Meteorological Society 1998.

Student involvement in research at Colby